Ultrasound of the prostate and bladder: conducting a prostate study and preparing for it

Ultrasound of the prostate, bladder and kidney is one of the methods of a comprehensive check of the genitourinary system. To obtain a reliable result, you need to prepare for the procedure. It does not take much time and does not require much effort.

The price of the procedure depends on the region in which the scan is done, the choice of clinic and the type of procedure. Average prices are 2-3.5 thousand rubles., Ultrasound examination of the prostate by the rectal method is a separate procedure, its cost ranges from 800 to 1,500 rubles.

What is determined by the procedure

Ultrasound of the prostate gland, bladder and kidneys are prescribed for suspected:

  • prostatitis,
  • BPH (adenoma),
  • oncology
  • pyelonephritis,
  • infertility,
  • the presence of stones and cystic cavities.

A diagnostic procedure is prescribed when the following symptoms appear:

  • weakening erection,
  • perineal pain
  • violation of urination,
  • deviations in urine tests.

A comprehensive examination helps to exclude diseases with similar symptoms and determine the degree of damage to neighboring organs.

A comprehensive ultrasound is necessary if there is a suspicion of prostatitis or adenoma, as these diseases are accompanied by poor urination. This causes the accumulation of residual urine and the development of pathogenic bacteria, which leads to inflammation of the entire genitourinary system.

An ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs should be done a couple of times a year to identify pathologies at an early stage and to start therapy in a timely manner.

Reason for appointment

The specialist directs the patient to an ultrasound scan if he suspects a genitourinary disease.

Typically, such ailments are accompanied by vivid symptoms:

  • pain and discomfort in the area above the pubis, in the sacrum,
  • frequent urination and incontinence,
  • problems with urination
  • the presence of blood in the urine.

All of these factors should be alarming. They talk about a violation of the function of the prostate, when they occur, an ultrasound examination of this organ is mandatory.

In addition, an ultrasound may be prescribed as an additional study in the following cases:

  • for the diagnosis of chronic or acute cystitis,
  • to evaluate kidney function,
  • for the diagnosis of pyelonephritis,
  • with suspected adenoma or inflammatory process in the prostate gland,
  • if you suspect kidney stones,
  • with problems with conception and impaired sexual function in men.
  • Women can be assigned additional types of examination of the uterus and ovaries for diagnosis. If the first signs of violations of the genitourinary system occur, you should contact a urologist. Procrastination is fraught with serious complications.

    What to do before the procedure

    There are several methods for ultrasound of the prostate and bladder:

    • Transabdominally (through the anterior abdominal wall).
    • Transrectally (through the rectum).

    The latter method is more informative, but may cause some men discomfort. The sensor with such a scan is in close proximity to the prostate, which increases the degree of visualization. The first option is used if transrectal examination is not possible for a number of reasons or at the insistence of the patient.


    An ultrasound examination of the prostate and urinary reservoir is given by a narrow-profile specialist - a urologist with suspected pathological processes in the organs of the genitourinary system. Indications for ultrasound examination are:

    • pain in the pelvic organs, sacrum and lower back,
    • increased urge to empty the urinary reservoir or incontinence,
    • urination is accompanied by burning, itching and discomfort,
    • urine has a non-physiological color, becomes cloudy, has a white precipitate, impregnations and streaks of blood,
    • oppression of sexual function.

    Also, ultrasound of the prostate and urinary reservoir can be part of a comprehensive diagnosis to confirm or refute the diagnosis:

    • acute or chronic inflammation of the urinary reservoir (cystitis),
    • renal dysfunction in renal failure,
    • pyelonephritis - an inflammatory pathology of the renal parenchyma and pyelocaliceal system,
    • prostate adenoma or prostatitis,
    • urolithic pathology,
    • infertility.

    Ultrasound is indispensable in assessing the effectiveness of the chosen direction of treatment.

    Survey Options

    There are three methods for ultrasound of the prostate:

    1. Transabdominally (or through the abdominal wall). The method is less accurate, but is used when it is necessary to additionally examine the peritoneal organs. It does not cause pain. If the patient is obese, then transabdominal access becomes impossible, and an ultrasound scan is performed through the rectum.
    2. Transurethrally (through the urethra). The method is quite painful. It is rarely used, it requires the introduction of anesthetics.
    3. Transrectally (or through the rectum). A transrectal procedure is considered the most reliable method of research.

    Preparation for TRUS prostate and bladder: the patient lies on the couch and exposes the lower body. The knees are drawn to the abdominal wall. A sensor is inserted into the anus, previously placed in a condom and treated with gel for hygiene. The device is promoted to the level of the prostate. The procedure lasts about 10 minutes. The man does not experience pain during ultrasound, since the diameter of the sensor is only 1.5 centimeters, and the immersion depth does not exceed 6-7 centimeters. Doctors advise you to completely relax the muscles of the anus to minimize possible discomfort.

    Preparation for ultrasound of the bladder and prostate

    4 minutes Posted by Irina Bredikhina 383

    The prostate gland is the “weak spot” of all males, especially after the age of forty. It is extremely susceptible to the influence of many negative factors, which include pathogens, oncological processes, the effect of low temperatures and even sexual activity (prolonged abstinence in men increases the likelihood of congestion in the pelvis, which negatively affects the functioning of the prostate).

    One of the most common ways to diagnose the condition of this organ is its ultrasound examination. This method is especially in demand among urologists and oncologists, because it allows you to notice even small structural changes in the prostate gland and other organs of the genitourinary system (bladder, kidneys, etc.). Among the other advantages of this type of diagnosis should be noted its harmlessness to the body, painlessness, non-invasiveness, speed of implementation and accessibility.

    Research equipment is ubiquitous, and the cost of the procedure is one of the lowest in comparison with others. A special role in the survey is played by preparatory measures. To get a reliable and highly informative result, preparation for ultrasound of the bladder and prostate should be carried out in compliance with certain rules. Let's talk about this in more detail.

    Preparing for transabdominal ultrasound

    To the question: "How to prepare for ultrasound through the outer wall of the abdomen?", The answer is quite simple. A man needs to drink a minimum of 0.5 liters of water without gas 60 minutes before the study, and then not urinate. It will also be useful to abandon products that contribute to the development of flatulence. These include brown bread, fresh pastries, milk, sweet dishes, soda.

    Varieties of ultrasound

    The bladder and prostate are located in the pelvic cavity. To examine them, apply three research methods:

    • transabdominal, through the abdominal wall,
    • transrectal, through the rectum,
    • transurethral, ​​through the urethra.

    Using the transabdominal method, you can examine the bladder, the prostate is practically invisible. Ultrasound of the bladder and prostate in a man is done transrectally. The transurethral method is very rarely used. This study is painful, but most informative.

    Preparation rules

    Features of preparation for ultrasound of the prostate and bladder depend on the chosen technique. In preparation for a transabdominal examination, the patient is recommended to follow a diet for three days before the procedure. Excluded from food products that cause increased gas formation - brown bread, cabbage, milk, peas. Gases in the intestines make it difficult to inspect internal organs

    On an ultrasound come on an empty stomach. The bladder can only be examined if it is full. Therefore, 2 hours before the procedure, you need to drink 1.5 liters of water. After this, you can not urinate, the bubble should be filled throughout the examination. Then the doctor invites the patient to urinate and examines the organ again.

    Men need to get ready for the TRUS procedure. The intestine should be emptied, so the last meal is prescribed no later than 12 hours before the procedure. On the evening before the study, they make an enema. Hygiene measures should be taken.

    You can learn more about the preparation from the video:

    How do different types of ultrasound

    All types of ultrasound diagnostics are performed in different ways.

    1. Transabdominal. The patient is placed on the couch. The doctor lubricates the skin of the abdomen with a sound-conducting gel. The sensor is driven in the lower abdomen, where the prostate is located.
    2. Transrectal. The patient is laid on his side, his knees pressed to his chest. The depth of insertion of the sensor into the rectum is not more than 7 cm. The diameter of the sensor is 1.5 cm, so there is no pain.
    3. Transurethral. This procedure requires anesthesia. An anesthetic is injected into the urethra, after 10-15 minutes it begins to act. A very thin probe is used, which is advanced through the urethra to the prostate.

    At the end of the examination, the specialist issues a picture to the patient with a description.

    Results obtained

    Ultrasound shows pathological changes that occur in the prostate gland and other organs. The specialist should know the norm indicators in order to compare the changes seen with them, to give the correct decoding.

    During the examination, the doctor determines the size of the organs, the condition of the walls, the presence of pathological inclusions. All tissues have a certain echogenicity - this property reflects ultrasound at low or high speed. In the picture, different echogenicity is shown in different colors - from white to black. A healthy prostate gland has a medium echogenicity and is colored in gray. At the bladder it is possible to see only the walls - they also have a gray color.

    The length of the prostate is 4.5 cm, width - up to 4.0 cm. The volume of the organ should not exceed 30 mm cube. The prostate has a chestnut shape, both of its halves are symmetrical.

    The wall thickness of the bladder does not exceed 4 mm. The body has an oval shape. The volume of fluid remaining after urination should not exceed 20 ml.

    Watch the video how prostate pathology looks on an ultrasound:

    Description of diseases

    Each disease has its own ultrasound characteristics.

    • Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate. In the picture, the organ is presented in a darker color, its volume increases.

    • Prostate adenoma is a benign tumor. Inside the tissue of the gland, a dark gray seal traces the ducts.

    • Prostate cancer The malignant tumor has a light gray color, fuzzy contours.

    • Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. In the picture, the walls of the organ are thickened, become darker.

    • Stones form in the prostate and bladder. Very dense, so the picture shows rounded white spots.

    Based on ultrasound alone, a diagnosis cannot be made. The doctor should take into account the results of other examinations.

    Preparation for transrectal ultrasound

    Before introducing the sensor into the rectum, more serious preparatory measures are necessary. The main thing here is to cleanse the intestines of feces, which can impede the visualization of the prostate gland and, in fact, the ultrasound examination.

    There are several ways to do this:

    • Put a cleansing enema up to one and a half liters. You can also use microclysters or insert a glycerin candle into the anus.
    • Take cleansing preparations on the day of the examination. To do this, several bags are dissolved in 1 liter of water each, after which they are gradually drunk. Such substances completely cleanse the intestines, without exerting a harmful effect on the microflora.
    • In those situations where a biopsy is indicated during the study (taking part of an organ for histological analysis), the doctor may prescribe a preliminary intake of antibacterial drugs to reduce the likelihood of developing an infection.

    Important facts

    Proper preparation for ultrasound of the bladder and prostate in men helps to identify such pathologies:

    • Benign and malignant neoplasms.
    • Inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system.
    • Violations in the blood supply system of this zone.
    • Hyperplasia (benign growth of organ tissues).

    Among the preparatory measures, a preliminary examination is also distinguished, which includes consultation of narrow specialists and general analyzes. This is necessary to identify concomitant pathologies, the presence of which may become a limitation for the procedure. It is also necessary to know that the presence of hemorrhoids is not an absolute contraindication for transrectal ultrasound examination. =

    However, it is still necessary to notify the doctor about the presence of this disease. Such a procedure is prohibited in cases of previous surgical interventions on the colon in the last 3 months. You also need to remember that after the procedure, a small admixture of blood may appear in the urine and semen. This is not a cause for concern and does not require an urgent visit to a specialist.

    Carrying out

    Scanning by ultrasound is not carried out:

    • for wounds or cuts in the area of ​​inspection,
    • during an X-ray inspection of the digestive tract,
    • immediately after gastroscopy.

    How an ultrasound of the bladder and prostate will be performed depends on the type of scan that was selected for the examination. The method of conducting is selected by the attending physician. It depends on the manifestation of the disease, the intended diagnosis and the presence of contraindications.

    Ultrasound of the prostate and bladder is done in several ways:

    For urethral examination, local anesthesia is required.

    During the study, there is a pressing on the lower abdomen, therefore, at the time of the check, there should be no strong urge to urinate.

    Interpretation of results and norms

    Decryption is given to the patient immediately after passing the examination. It contains the following data:

    • organ structure
    • its contours
    • sizes
    • weight,
    • the presence of stones
    • condition of the ducts.

    The norms of ultrasound of the bladder and prostate gland depend on the age of the patient, as well as the individual characteristics of the size of the genital organs.

    The urine of an adult male has the following indicators:

    • volume from 350 to 750 ml,
    • clear, even contours
    • walls without seals, the same thickness,
    • echostructure - isoechogenic,
    • indicators of residual urine no more than 50 ml.

    The prostate gland should have:

    • dimensions: length - not more than 40 mm, width - 27-41 mm, thickness - 16-24 mm,
    • weight: up to 20 g.

    Depending on age, the volume of the prostate gland may vary (in cubic cm):

    • under 20 years old - 20,
    • 20-30 years old - up to 25,
    • 30 - 55 years old - up to 30,
    • after 55 years - up to 35.

    Changes in the size, echogenicity and weight of organs signal inflammation, the formation of cysts, stones and other diseases.

    How is an ultrasound session?

    Today, three research options are proposed:

    1. Through the abdominal wall (transabdominal). The accuracy is average. It is prescribed as an additional examination of the peritoneal organs. A painless examination is available for non-obese patients. Otherwise, an ultrasound is prescribed through the rectum.
    2. Through the urethra (transurethral). Mild soreness is relieved by the use of anesthetics. The accuracy is high. Contraindication are germination and formation in the urethra.
    3. Through the rectum (transrectal). The accuracy is extremely high. Soreness reduced. Contraindication may be bleeding from the anus, inflammatory processes in the perianal region, rupture of the rectum.

    How to do an ultrasound of the prostate and bladder:

    • The patient is laid on the couch,
    • The lower body is exposed
    • Knees need to be pulled to the stomach
    • A probe with a probe is inserted into the anus. The tools are gelled and protected by a condom - this is a mandatory hygiene requirement,
    • The sensor moves along the rectum to the prostate.

    The man does not experience painful sensations, the diameter of the sensor is not more than 1.5 cm, the depth of deepening is 6-7 cm.

    Transabdominal method

    A transabdominal examination is performed through the abdominal wall. The advantage is painlessness, and the ability to study the condition of the abdominal organs. Not used in obese patients.

    Thanks to the reflection of ultrasonic waves of different frequencies, it is possible to determine the size and shape of the prostate gland and urinary reservoir, the presence of tumor neoplasms and calculi.

    The disadvantage of this method is the inability of the waves to "get around" the obstacles in the form of bone tissue and gases that form in the intestine. Therefore, when examining the prostate, preference is given to the transrectal method.

    Ultrasound through the abdominal wall is carried out in a horizontal position lying on your back. The sensor is located in the lower abdomen. To improve gliding, a special gel is applied to the patient's epidermis. The image is displayed on the screen. According to the results of the study, a conclusion is issued.

    Research results

    Visualization of internal organs is the main goal of ultrasound. The specialist writes the obtained data to the patient’s card, then evaluates the condition of the genitourinary system. Prostate:

    • uniformity or heterogeneity of the structure,
    • symmetry of outlines (contours),
    • dimensional frames: transverse 24-41 mm, longitudinal up to 40 mm, anteroposterior from 25 mm,
    • body weight - up to 18 gr.

    • volume 350-750 ml,
    • egg shape
    • the outlines are even
    • organ walls of the same thickness,
    • the structure should be echo-negative.

    Deviations of standards indicate possible diseases:

    1. malignant neoplasms,
    2. benign tumors
    3. inflammatory processes, including prostatitis,
    4. chronic inflammation of the genitourinary system.

    If there is a suspicion of a pathology, additional studies are being conducted. Self-deciphering of test results is wrong, an assessment should be given by a specialist who takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient. For example, it can be genetic or congenital malformations of the bladder, prostate.

    Transrectal method

    The most reliable research method is carried out transrectally by introducing an ultrasound transducer into the rectum. During the diagnosis, the device is brought closer to the prostate, which allows you to get the most complete picture.

    In a transrectal study, it is possible to differentiate prostate adenoma, malignant tumors, organ blood flow and seminal vesicles.

    It is carried out in the supine position with the knees pressed to the chest. A condom is put on the sensor to prevent infection and is treated with petroleum jelly. It is inserted into the rectum by 60 mm. All data is displayed on the monitor of the device, after decryption, which the patient is issued a conclusion.

    Transurethral method

    Transurethral diagnosis is carried out by introducing an ultrasound probe into the urethra. Allows a more detailed study of the condition of the bladder and urethra. It is prescribed if it is impossible to obtain a complete clinical picture during a transabdominal study.

    The procedure is painful. Therefore, it is used extremely rarely, more often during surgical interventions. To reduce the pain, local anesthesia is performed.


    Ultrasound of the prostate and bladder is a non-invasive method that has a minimum number of limitations, namely:

    • The transabdominal method is not recommended for the diagnosis of pathologies in men with urinary incontinence.
    • The transrectal method is contraindicated in patients with inflammatory lesions of the rectum, hemorrhoids, intestinal obstruction or narrowing of the anal canal.
    • The transurethral method is not used with a tendency to allergies to anesthetics, as well as inflammatory pathologies of the acute urethra.

    Regardless of the diagnostic method chosen, an absolute contraindication is a colonoscopy performed during the week, irrigoscopy. These methods involve the introduction of a contrast agent, which negatively affects the reliability of the data.

    Study preparation

    To obtain accurate data for ultrasound of the urinary reservoir and prostate gland should be prepared. To do this, 2-3 days before the expected date of diagnosis, you must follow a special diet that will help remove toxic compounds from the body and cope with increased gas formation, which significantly affects the results. For this purpose and from the diet are excluded:

    • fried and spicy food
    • beans, peas,
    • carbonated drinks,
    • alcohol-containing products,
    • milk,
    • thermally unprocessed fruits and vegetables,
    • bakery products.

    Activated carbon will help to cope with flatulence on the eve of diagnosis, based on the proportion of 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight. Dinner before an ultrasound should be easy.

    On the day of the study, you should abandon breakfast if the diagnosis is carried out in the morning or refrain from eating 4-6 hours before the ultrasound.

    In a transrectal study, the rectum must be cleaned. To do this, the night before, or 2-3 hours before the proposed study, a cleansing enema with a volume of 1500 ml is placed. The procedure is carried out at home independently or by a nurse in an inpatient setting. To prevent injury to the membranes of the anus and rectum, the tip of the enema tube is treated with petroleum jelly.

    You can also use the microclyster Mikrolaks, introduce a rectally glycerin suppository, or take laxatives (Fortrans, Fleet). These funds do not violate the natural intestinal microflora, therefore they are safe to use.

    Regardless of the method, the diagnosis is carried out on a full urinary reservoir, which allows you to better visualize it. To do this, for an hour and a half, you should drink 1-1.5 liters of clean water without gas. On ultrasound go with a slight urge to urinate.

    To obtain a more detailed clinical picture, an ultrasound doctor after examining a full urinary reservoir may ask to empty it and repeat the diagnosis.

    Norm and deviations

    Normally, the prostate gland has a uniform or heterogeneous structure with uneven contours. The weight of the organ does not exceed 18 g. Dimensions: longitudinal corresponds to 4 cm, transverse ranges from 2.7 mm to 4.1 cm, anteroposterior 2.5 cm.

    The urinary reservoir normally has an ovoid shape with a volume of 350 to 750 ml, with an echo-negative structure. The contours of the body are even, the walls of the same thickness.

    The presence of pathological processes of the genitourinary system is indicated by:

    • organ volume changes are a sign of benign neoplasms,
    • increased echogenicity - a symptom of oncology, chronic prostatitis or cystitis, as well as urolithiasis,
    • a decrease in echogenicity indicates inflammatory processes and cystic formations,
    • an increase in lymph nodes and blurring of the contours of the organ indicate neoplasms of a benign and malignant nature,
    • dark moving areas with low ability to absorb waves - stones, blood clots or pus.


    Ultrasound of the prostate is done for free in the direction of the attending physician in the clinic at the place of residence. In order not to wait in line, you can undergo examination for a fee. The cost of the procedure is low.

    TownCost, rubles
    St. Petersburg500-1100
    average price400-950

    Ultrasound of the prostate is used to diagnose acute diseases, control chronic pathologies. The procedure is painless, has no contraindications, reveals even minor deviations.

    Leave comments, share your experience on the passage of ultrasound.

    Results and norm option

    After the study, the doctor makes a map of the data obtained, according to which you can assess the condition of the prostate gland:

  • structure (uniform or heterogeneous),
  • contours (symmetrical or uneven),
  • the size (longitudinal - not more than 40 mm, transverse from 27–41 mm, anteroposterior - more than 25 mm),
  • weight (norm - up to 18 grams).
  • A healthy bladder has the following parameters:

    • volume from 350 to 750 ml,
    • echo-negative structure,
    • ovoid shape
    • the contours are even
    • walls of the same thickness.


    Doctors advise a modern man to undergo ultrasound of the bladder and prostate several times a year in order to detect violations in time and begin treatment. The procedure is free in state clinics. In order not to stand in line for a coupon, you can contact a private medical center and do an ultrasound there.

    The risk group includes representatives of the stronger sex who have crossed a 35-year milestone. These men are advised to carefully monitor their urogenital function and regularly checked by a urologist. It is easier to prevent the disease or diagnose it at the initial stage than to spend a lot of time and nerves on long-term treatment.

    You can find out about harmful and useful products for the male organ here.


    Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the prostate gland. More often has an infectious nature, less often allergic. It is accompanied by hyperthermia, chills, pain and burning in the perineum, increased urge to urinate up to incontinence.

    In the acute form of pathology, ultrasound can determine increased organ sizes, increased echostructure, fuzzy contours and a low degree of vascularization.

    In the chronic form during the period of remission, in the ultrasound image, the size of the organ is within normal limits, but it has fuzzy edges and impaired echogenicity.


    An abscess of the prostate gland is the result of untimely treatment of inflammatory diseases. It is characterized by accumulation of pus in the tissues of the organ. It is accompanied by a rapid deterioration in general condition, hyperthermia with critical marks and impaired diuresis.

    Ultrasound can detect asymmetric prostate lobes, changes in echostructure, and the appearance of zones of reduced vascularization.


    Prostate adenoma is a benign tumor. It is diagnosed in men aged 50 years and older. It is one or more nodules that squeeze the urethra as they grow and disrupt normal urination.

    The picture obtained during the ultrasound, indicates an increase in the size and volume of the gland, a change in the ratio of the peripheral and central part of the prostate, a change in shape, echostructure and echogenicity.


    Cancer of the prostate and bladder is a malignant tumor that is difficult to diagnose in the early stages, as it is asymptomatic, or has signs of other pathologies.

    According to ultrasound, the tumor is a hypoechoic area in the form of a dark spot. There is an asymmetry of the prostate gland, a change in the contours and structure of the organ, a thickening of its walls, and bulging.

    During the ultrasound examination, the presence of echogenic darkened areas, which are characterized by immobility, suggests that there are tumor formations of a benign or malignant nature in the urinary reservoir. In addition, there is a thickening of the walls, a change in shape and friability of the walls of the organ.

    Additional diagnostics are required to confirm the diagnosis.


    Cystitis is an inflammation of the urinary reservoir, which is accompanied by fever, diuretic disorders, burning, itching and pain in the perineum.

    Ultrasound allows you to consider small echogenic particles in the body cavity, which are white blood cells, red blood cells, pus. The contours of the bubble become not clear, and the walls thicken.


    Urolithiasis is a pathology associated with metabolic disorders and malnutrition. It is characterized by the formation of sand and its accumulation in conglomerates, which form stones. For a long time, the pathology is latent in nature. Symptoms occur when stones are advanced, which leads to renal colic, impaired urination, separation of blood and its clots with urine.

    On ultrasound, a specialist differentiates mobile echogenic formations and damage to the walls of an organ.


    Cystic neoplasms of the prostate or bladder are cavities filled with fluid, which are clearly visible on the screen during the study. The cyst has clear boundaries, different from organ tissues.

    An ultrasound examination of the prostate and bladder is performed through the abdominal wall, urethra and rectum. During the diagnosis, the structure, the thickness of the organ and its walls, and the echogenicity of the tissues are taken into account. Ultrasound allows you to differentiate oncology, inflammatory pathologies, benign neoplasms, urolithiasis, abscess. To get the full clinical picture and the reliability of the data, you should correctly prepare for the study.

    What is a procedure?

    This is an analysis carried out by means of a special apparatus that uses sound waves to create images of the organs under examination. Another name for this procedure is ultrasound. During the manipulation, sound waves capture the image of organs and show it on the monitor. The specialist does this procedure to make an accurate diagnosis.

    When is ultrasound needed?

    Ultrasound is an excellent alternative to palpation and insertion of a catheter. Sonography provides more accurate information about the condition of these organs. Indications for the appointment of ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder are:

    1. Urinary system diseases.
    2. Suspicion of kidney stones or bladder.
    3. Tumors
    4. Cysts in the bladder.
    5. Kidney injury.

    It is in these cases, the doctor can give direction to ultrasound. What is important to know for the person who is to undergo research? Proper preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder is necessary so that the results of ultrasound are clear and reliable. Therefore, below we will learn how to prepare for such a diagnosis.

    Food before the procedure

    Preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys and urine should begin with a proper diet, which should be followed 3 days before the study. At this time, it is necessary to use only those products that do not allow an increase in gas formation. This is perhaps the main preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys. What can I eat? What specific products are preferable to consume before the procedure?

    The ideal daily diet 3 days before the ultrasound should consist of such delicious products:

    1. Porridge cooked on the water. It can be buckwheat, oatmeal, barley.
    2. Boiled meat, preferably chicken or veal.
    3. Steamed cutlets made from low-fat minced meat.
    4. Boiled sea fish.
    5. Unsalted and low-fat hard cheese.
    6. Hard boiled egg.
    7. Dried or yesterday's white bread.

    For people who have no problems with digestion, it is enough to follow such a diet 3 days before an ultrasound of the kidneys. Preparation for the study for patients who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract should be carried out 7 days before the procedure. There are also people who are prone to flatulence. In this case, they need to take sorbents 3 days before the ultrasound.

    Which products should be excluded?

    2-3 days before the procedure, you must refuse:

    • from whole milk,
    • legumes
    • potatoes, cabbage, any raw vegetables,
    • rye bread
    • fresh fruit, and especially from apples,
    • sweet products
    • beer
    • carbonated drinks
    • fatty, fried meat, as well as fish,
    • saturated meat broths,
    • smoked meats.

    Intestinal cleansing before ultrasound imaging

    Preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder also involves maximum bowel movement. In this case, it is recommended to put an enema, but you can do without it. It is allowed to use glycerin suppositories, Picolax or Guttalax laxatives.

    2 days before the manipulation, it is necessary to use sorbents between meals, such as activated charcoal, Smecta, Sorbex preparations. If for some reason this did not work out, then you need to take 6 tablets of Espumisan 3 hours before the manipulation.

    Additional tests before ultrasound

    Preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder should begin a few days before the procedure. Moreover, the doctor may additionally prescribe to the patient a direction for the delivery of blood and urine.

    It is the results of these tests that will then help to more thoroughly identify the presence of diseases in the kidneys or bladder. At ultrasound, a person should already come with the results of the studies.

    And the doctor, after ultrasound, together with blood and urine tests, will be able to accurately describe the problem.

    Preparation for the procedure scheduled for the first or second half of the day

    - If a person was given a direction in the morning, then it is most convenient to come to the hospital on an empty stomach. In this case, the last meal should be before 18.00. Dishes should be light, easily digestible.

    This rule is mandatory for both men and women. Therefore, it is important to adhere to these recommendations so that the ultrasound scan is successful, and the doctor can identify the problem.

    It is only necessary to come to the procedure after a person drinks about 1 liter of water.

    - Preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys in women and men in the afternoon involves an early breakfast. One hour after breakfast, you need to take activated or any other sorbent. And do not forget that before you come to the procedure (1 hour before it), you need to drink about 1 liter of liquid.

    Differences between urinary ultrasound in women and men

    Usually, an examination of this organ is done through the anterior abdominal wall. But in some cases, manipulation through the rectum or vagina may be required. The first method is an ultrasound of the bladder in men.

    The preparation for the study is already known to everyone: come on an empty stomach, solve problems with stools, if necessary, take special medications, drink about 1 liter of water, empty. Men should also stop smoking at least 3 hours before an ultrasound scan.

    A study of the bladder through the rectum is necessary if the specialist will check the prostate.

    Ultrasound through the vagina is indicated when obesity, adhesions, tumor formation, and some other problems are observed in women.

    Why is it important to drink plenty of water for ultrasound?

    Preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder necessarily involves taking 1 liter of water on the eve. Why is this done? It turns out that if the urine is filled poorly, then it will be difficult for the doctor to see what problems the patient has with the organs under investigation. In this case, there is a high risk of errors.

    It even happens that a doctor can see a tumor, which is actually not. It turns out that with a poor filling of the bladder, its folds do not completely straighten out, and it is they who can show a false tumor, misleading the doctor. But when a person drinks 1 liter of water, then the specialist will clearly see the necessary organs.

    Therefore, the preparation of the patient is to fill the bladder before the procedure.

    Preparation for the study of pregnant girls

    Ask why women in position should have an ultrasound of the kidneys? The fact is that pregnant girls experience a threefold load on this organ. Often, expectant mothers develop late toxicosis.

    And precisely because of this, kidneys are the first to suffer, which in the future can lead to gestosis. To understand whether these organs were affected during this period or not, it is necessary to conduct an ultrasound scan.

    This is the only safe diagnostic method for pregnant girls.

    Preparation for ultrasound of the bladder in women in position is special. If an ordinary person on the eve can be given a cleansing enema, take laxatives and adsorbents, then during pregnancy all this is contraindicated.

    The fact is that such measures to cleanse the body can harm the development of the fetus. Preparation for ultrasound examination of pregnant girls is to follow a diet that will not allow the appearance of gas formation.

    Also, the doctor may prescribe special drugs that are allowed for this category of people to eliminate flatulence or constipation, if these symptoms occur.

    4-5 hours before the examination of the internal organs, it is advisable to refrain from eating. And 1 hour before the start of the procedure, you need to urinate, and then drink about 0.7–1 l of pure water.

    What to bring with you for research?

    A person should know what he needs to bring to an event such as an ultrasound of the kidneys. Preparation for the procedure includes not only diet, bowel movement, the adoption of large quantities of water. It is still important to know what you need to take with you for research. So, the following is a list of things that a person who comes for an ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder should have:

    1. Results of previous analyzes.
    2. Passport, medical record.
    3. Direction to study.
    4. A sheet or towel.
    5. Paper towels to wipe the body after the procedure.
    6. Money.
    7. Water to be able to drink it to fill the bladder.

    Now you know what an ultrasound of the kidneys is. Preparation for the study, differences in the conduct of sonography in men and women, the features of the procedure in relation to pregnant women - you also know all this. We determined what a person must perform before this manipulation, namely: stick to a diet, drink 1 liter of water, empty the intestines, collect all the necessary things.

    Ultrasound of the prostate and bladder: a study of the prostate and preparation for it

    Ultrasound examination is one of the most important information research methods, giving accurate information about the condition of internal organs.

    The specialist directs the patient to an ultrasound scan if he suspects a genitourinary disease.

    Typically, such ailments are accompanied by vivid symptoms:

    • pain and discomfort in the area above the pubis, in the sacrum,
    • frequent urination and incontinence,
    • problems with urination
    • the presence of blood in the urine.

    All of these factors should be alarming. They talk about a violation of the function of the prostate, when they occur, an ultrasound examination of this organ is mandatory.

    In addition, an ultrasound may be prescribed as an additional study in the following cases:

    • for the diagnosis of chronic or acute cystitis,
    • to evaluate kidney function,
    • for the diagnosis of pyelonephritis,
    • with suspected adenoma or inflammatory process in the prostate gland,
    • if you suspect kidney stones,
    • with problems with conception and impaired sexual function in men.

    Women can be assigned additional types of examination of the uterus and ovaries for diagnosis. If the first signs of violations of the genitourinary system occur, you should contact a urologist. Procrastination is fraught with serious complications.

    Features of ultrasound of the kidneys in men

    Ultrasound of the kidneys in men is prescribed to detect various diseases such as:

    • adrenal gland tumor
    • prostate adenomas
    • urolithiasis.

    The presented type of research, unlike x-rays, is safe. It is worthwhile to undergo an examination if a man has symptoms such as:

    • renal colic
    • pain in the lumbar region
    • unpleasant sensations or even pain during urination,
    • urinary incontinence in a dream
    • discomfort in the stomach
    • high blood pressure
    • change in color, smell and amount of urine,
    • trauma to the pelvic area.

    Other rules

    • At the same time, it is recommended to take activated charcoal, or other sorbent substances, such as Espumisan. This will help prevent flatulence. When using the drug, you must first familiarize yourself with the instructions.
    • On the eve of an ultrasound of the kidneys, the last meal should go before seven in the evening. If a complex pelvic check is prescribed, you should refuse food in the evening and make an enema,
    • With an ultrasound examination of the genitourinary system, you should start drinking water in an hour, because it occurs with a full bladder. You need to drink clean water, you can not drink juices and carbonated drinks, especially alcohol.
    • If the patient has open wounds, gastroscopy, colonoscopy is planned, then studies will not be conducted,
    • Smoking for several hours is not recommended.

    Such appointments are usually issued by the attending physician in consultation. It is necessary to familiarize the doctor with the medications that the patient is taking.

    In this case, the specialist can cancel them for a while at his discretion.

    What will the examination show?

    With the help of the diagnosis, the following pathologies can be identified:

    • changing the size or shape of the kidneys,
    • inflammatory processes
    • detection of pus,
    • detection of cancerous tumors,
    • changes in the tissues of the kidneys.

    Ultrasound will help detect diseases in the early stages, which will facilitate the diagnosis and further treatment.

    Thus, ultrasound is the most safe and painless diagnostic method. But despite all its advantages, without proper preparation, some results may be distorted.

    Therefore, in order for the result investigated to be accurate, you need to consult a doctor and find out exactly what measures you need to perform before conducting the study.

    How to prepare for an ultrasound of the prostate and bladder ??

    In modern medical diagnostics, the main place is taken by the method of ultrasound scanning - ultrasound. The method in urology and andrology is especially in demand, because it allows you to recognize the slightest structural changes in the pelvic organs, diagnose and classify all pathological disorders in the work of the genitourinary system.

    How to prepare for an ultrasound?

    Today, ultrasound is a common way to examine the prostate (prostate), bladder, and kidneys. For an effective ultrasound scan of the pelvic organs and the genitourinary system, preliminary preparation of the patient is necessary:

    1. the presence of open wounds and sterile dressings makes ultrasound impossible,
    2. colonoscopic, gastroscopic, x-ray studies of the digestive system and reproductive organs for a certain period of time exclude ultrasound in general and TRUS in particular,
    3. for three days before examining the prostate and kidneys, you should not smoke or drink alcohol,
    4. in order to avoid such disorders of the digestive system, such as increased gas formation and bloating, it is recommended to follow a special diet, an empty stomach procedure is performed,
    5. the patient should warn the uzist about the medications he is taking.

    In order for the pelvic organs and the genitourinary system to be clearly visible during the study, the patient must carefully prepare for it. The main recommendations are aimed at reducing gas formation and eliminating the intake of toxic agents

    At the same time, a special preparation is required to scan the bladder, prostate and kidneys separately.

    The examined person should responsibly treat all the preparatory subtleties, since this is the key to the correct and reliable diagnosis of possible diseases of the pelvic organs and the genitourinary system, including the prostate and kidneys, and the appointment of timely and adequate therapy.

    Ultrasound scan of the kidneys - getting ready right

    Only an urgent ultrasound of the kidneys in emergency situations can be carried out without prior preparation. In the case of a planned examination of the kidneys, you need to prepare for the procedure carefully, observing all the recommendations of the doctor.

    The main requirement for the patient is a diet, which will eliminate temporary disruption of the digestive system and help to clearly visualize the structural state of the kidneys.

    You must adhere to a diet for three days before the procedure. It is necessary to exclude from the diet all foods that can cause increased gas formation.

    • Fresh flour products
    • lactic acid products
    • sweet sparkling water
    • raw fruits and vegetables
    • fried, smoked, fatty meat and fish.

    Before an ultrasound of the kidneys, you can eat cereals, low-fat boiled white meat, bread crumbs, cheese with a low percentage of fat content. The diet rules include the intake of sorbents, such as activated charcoal, Espumisan, after each meal.

    Patients who are overweight or have a digestive system problem such as constipation are advised to take laxatives on the eve of the study.

    An ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs is always done on an empty stomach, preferably in the morning, otherwise it is recommended not to eat for 8 hours before the procedure. In 30-40 minutes Before ultrasound, you should drink about half a liter of water without gas.

    Preparation for ultrasound scanning of the bladder

    Preliminary preparation for ultrasound of the pelvic organs is not required only in urgent situations. The only requirement is a full bladder.

    Bladder ultrasound is often performed in conjunction with a transabdominal examination of the prostate. A person is lying down.An agent that improves contact with the sensor is applied to the skin in the abdomen. The procedure for scanning the prostate and bladder lasts no more than 15 minutes.

    With a planned ultrasound examination of the bladder and prostate gland, it is necessary 2 hours before the start of the diagnosis not to go to the toilet, restrain urination, and during the last hour, use at least one liter of still water in portions.

    In the case of an unbearable desire to urinate, partial emptying of the bladder is allowed. Then you need to drink an extra volume of liquid.

    Ultrasound of the prostate and bladder, with its absolute filling, allows you to get clear data, reliable structural and dimensional characteristics.

    A detailed review of the characteristics and quality of the pelvic organs is possible only with a full bladder. Therefore, preparation for the study also includes taking a large amount of fluid about half an hour before an ultrasound scan. How to prepare for transrectal scanning of the prostate?

    Prostate TRUS requires the release of the lower intestine from feces. This can be done using:

    • microclysters
    • glycerin candles
    • natural laxatives.

    Conducting a cleansing procedure for TRUS prostate using microclysters consists in the introduction of special solutions into the rectum. You can use chamomile broth, saline with vegetable oil, a mixture of milk and oil (100 mm.

    : 20g.). During use, the selected microclyster agent should have a temperature of 36 - 39 degrees. You can also use the micro-enema "Microlax", purchased in a pharmacy. The drug is made in bottles with a special tip.

    The use of glycerin-based suppositories in preparation for TRUS prostate is widespread. This method causes a mild laxative effect by acting on the mucous membrane of the rectum. A candle is inserted into the rectum through the anus 2-3 hours before the TRUS.

    It is necessary to carefully study the instructions for the use of glycerin suppositories. Before TRAX, prostate medications are often prescribed. Usually it is: Fitolaks, Senadeksin, Mukofalk.

    The listed laxatives must be taken at least 10 - 11 hours before TRUS prostate. In case the study requires urgent treatment, they use fast laxatives.

    The result should be expected after 20 minutes. after taking.

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    To date, an ultrasound examination for a urologist is the main diagnostic method, since it is able to identify and give comprehensive information about the work and disorders of the urogenital system of a man. Preparation for diagnosis, in particular for ultrasound, is very important, since the subsequent diagnosis will depend on the image quality.

    General rules of procedure

    In urology, checking the condition of the bladder and prostate gland is a very important indicator for making a correct diagnosis. However, for a clear image, it is advisable for the patient to prepare in advance.

    The following rules for preparing for ultrasound are distinguished:

    • Examination is performed only on an empty stomach,
    • Until the appointed date, the patient must maintain a slag-free diet,
    • Give up alcohol and smoking,
    • Warn the doctor about medications taken and examinations such as gastrointestinal X-ray, gastroscopy and colonoscopy,
    • The examination is not carried out in case of open wounds,

    It is worth mentioning that any diagnosis has its own nuances and features that the patient must pay attention to in order to get a clear picture and determine the pathology.

    Features ultrasound transabdominally

    The peculiarity of the procedure is that it is necessary to come with a full bladder for examination.

    The gland is located at the place where the bladder passes into the urethra, therefore, without the space filled with fluid, the examination becomes impossible.

    The basic rule is a moderate filling of the bladder, without the urge to urinate. Before the examination, in about one hour, drink a liter of water.

    An insufficiently full bladder may be a refusal to be examined by a doctor. With a crowded bladder, the patient may feel discomfort, since the procedure is accompanied by the movement of the sensor using mild pressure.

    The procedure lasts approximately 10 minutes. During this time, the doctor carefully examines the prostate gland, measures it and determines the pathology. The results of the examination are recorded at the conclusion of a specialist and are given to the patient.

    Features of transrectal examination

    Such an examination of men is most often afraid. But in vain. A transrectal examination (through the rectum) is considered the most informative and reliable diagnostic option.

    A special sensor, on which a condom is put on in advance, is inserted into the rectum to the location of the prostate gland. The diameter of the sensor does not exceed 15 millimeters, immersed a maximum of 7 centimeters.

    When the procedure is necessary to relax, then it will not cause any discomfort.

    Bladder ultrasound

    This procedure does not require any special preparation rules, with the exception of: the bladder should be full during examination.

    Otherwise, ultrasound of the bladder is carried out as well as the diagnosis of the prostate gland, using the transabdominal method. Those.

    lying on the back of the patient, a special gel is applied to the stomach, after which the organ is scanned for 10 minutes by the sensor. On the day of diagnosis, for 4 hours, the patient must refrain from urinating.

    Drink a liter of liquid an hour before the examination. In case of incontinence, you can go to the toilet, but it is necessary to make up for the loss of all fluid.

    Preparation for the procedure requires a responsible approach, since the accuracy and quality of the examinations depends on this. A thorough examination of the prostate and bladder by a qualified doctor will help not only prevent the spread of the disease, but also start treatment on time.

    The health of a man with age requires a more careful and careful attitude. A huge number of representatives of the strong half of humanity suffer from diseases of the genitourinary system. Stagnation of blood in the pelvis leads to the development of diseases of the prostate and bladder.

    When a patient visits a doctor, diagnosis is made by palpation, and also relies on informative results of an ultrasound scan (ultrasound). This method shows a detailed picture of the state of the genitourinary system.

    Reasons for the appointment of ultrasound

    Usually, patients with the following complaints receive a referral for an ultrasound of the prostate and bladder:

    • difficulty urinating,
    • difficulties with conception,
    • persistent feeling of fullness of the bladder,
    • pain in the perineum or sacrum,
    • the inability to live a full sexual life,
    • violation of potency,
    • pain during urination.

    Pain during urination

    Preparatory stage

    Ultrasound is one of the many methods for examining the internal organs of the human body, including the prostate gland (prostate), bladder, and kidneys in order to detect any pathological changes in them.

    Preparation for ultrasound of the bladder and prostate gland will depend on the method of examination. There are two methods for implementing the preparation for the study:

    • through the abdominal wall,
    • through transrectal examination (through the wall of the rectum).

    To obtain an accurate result, experts recommend using the transrectal examination method.

    The method of conducting ultrasound of the prostate and bladder through the abdominal cavity gives an approximate idea of ​​the course of the disease and shows only serious changes regarding the structure or size of the prostate.

    To obtain accurate results of an ultrasound examination of the prostate, the recommendations of the preparatory stage should be followed:

    • At least 2 hours before the study, drink about 0.5 l of still water and do not use the toilet. Examination is carried out only with a full bladder.
    • When conducting an ultrasound of the bladder and prostate by a transrectal method, at least 2 hours before the examination, completely empty the intestines. The best option here is a cleansing enema with 1.5 liters of water. In addition to water, a glycerin suppository or a special microclyster Microlax can be used.
    • The bladder can be filled as follows. Going for an ultrasound scan, take with you 1 liter of liquid (green tea or distilled water without gas). In the process of waiting for the examination, the patient should drink the liquid until a sensation of fullness of the bladder and the first urge to the toilet. As soon as such sensations have come, you must immediately inform the doctor so that he proceeds to the ultrasound procedure.

    An ultrasound of the bladder also requires compliance with a number of rules at the preparatory stage.

    • Gases that accumulate in the intestine interfere with obtaining accurate ultrasound results, therefore, all products leading to increased gas formation should be excluded from the diet per day. Do not eat meat and any offal, carbonated liquids, any sweets, flour products, legumes. It will be optimal to eat fruits and vegetables, black bread or bran-based diet bread, it is better to drink tea or freshly squeezed juice as a drink.
    • On the morning of the day of the study, you need to take 2 tablespoons of castor oil inside.
    • Before the procedure, make a cleansing enema. To do this, you can use both clean cool water and a glycerin candle.
    • The study is carried out only with a full bladder.

    Ultrasound Results

    An ultrasound can be either prescribed by a specialist or performed by the patient on their own. The doctor conducting the examination will decrypt all the results and give the necessary recommendations.

    There are strictly established parameters regarding the size and structure of internal organs. Deviation from them indicates the presence of a pathological process in the prostate, kidneys or bladder.

    So an ultrasound scan helps to identify the following diseases of the genitourinary system:

    • Prostate adenoma in men, in which dimensions are exceeded, nodules and altered structure are observed.
    • Prostatitis, in which an ultrasound scan shows an enlarged prostate. This diagnosis indicates an ongoing inflammatory process.
    • Cyst - is a bubble (cavity) filled with liquid. It is not difficult for a specialist conducting an ultrasound to notice this pathology, since the cyst has clear boundaries and is very different from healthy organ tissue.
    • Ultrasound of the kidneys, prostate and bladder helps to identify the presence of stones in them. Ultrasound helps to identify their number and size.
    • A tumor, including malignant tumors. Ultrasound examination of the affected areas will have a different echogenicity in contrast to healthy tissue.

    The number of men suffering from diseases of the genitourinary system is growing every year. Therefore, it is important, after reaching the age of 40, to undergo prophylactic annual ultrasound examination of the bladder and prostate.

    It will be much easier to get rid of any disease identified at the initial stage.

    Normal performance

    What is the norm, what indicator is considered standard? You can decrypt the analysis protocol yourself, remembering that the general formation of the prostate ends by the age of 25. The pathological process leads to swelling, proliferation of tissue - the size and volume of the prostate increase. Normal indicator:

    • width 3-4.5 cm
    • thickness - 1.5-2.5 cm,
    • length - 2.4-4 cm,
    • the volume is calculated by the formula: multiply all linear indicators and multiply by a factor of 1.6.

    When the patient does not have any pathological transformations in the prostate, the diagnosis reveals a round shape of the gland, its tissues are homogeneous, and the parameters are within the established norm. In vascular structures, there should not be any changes. The prostate completes the formation by about 25 years of age.

    Normally, the width of the gland does not exceed 30-45 mm, the thickness is about 15-25 mm, and the length is about 24-40 mm. In men, transrectal ultrasound causes negative reviews and feelings, however, you must understand that this technique ensures the accuracy of the data and is considered absolutely safe. Regardless of the price, prostate ultrasound detects tumors and inflammatory lesions at the very initial stages of development.


    Ultrasound today is one of the safest methods of researching the body and, at the same time, affordable. In the case of the diagnosis of bladder pathologies, safety is extremely important because of the close proximity to the organs of the reproductive system, which are quite strongly exposed to various kinds of radiation exposure.

    Do men need a bladder ultrasound? Based on the data available at all clinics in the world, this diagnosis has helped many patients, which led to their rapid recovery and, thus, an increase in the quality of life. This is especially true for oncological processes, for which timely diagnosis and treatment is extremely important. Today, ultrasound methods have become a full-fledged “member” among the methods for diagnosing the genitourinary system and many others.

    Now you know everything about trauma and ultrasound of the prostate gland, preparation for research. Ultrasound examination is considered one of the safest and, at the same time, informative diagnostic methods, so you should not abandon it.

    A timely procedure allows you to identify prostate disease at an early stage, when the prognosis is more favorable, and prescribe an effective treatment to the patient.

    Despite the safety of ultrasound, it is important to take contraindications very seriously. On the other hand, this procedure cannot be ignored, because an accurate diagnosis and treatment appointment depend on it.

    Preparation for ultrasound of the kidneys of the bladder and prostate gland

    One of the most progressive and reliable methods for detecting diseases of the genitourinary system in men today is an ultrasound scan. Thanks to this diagnostic method, many undesirable consequences of diseases of the kidneys, prostate gland and bladder can be prevented. But in order for the result of the ultrasound to be the most reliable, some preparation for this procedure is needed.

    4 basic rules of preparation

    Preparation for the procedure depends on the method of its conduct and the body that needs to be checked. But there are certain general rules for preparing for scanning the pelvic organs, the implementation of which will not allow to distort the data.

    1. Three days before the ultrasound, cabbage, beets, radishes, onions, and garlic should be excluded from the diet. Also, you can not eat legumes, pearl barley and millet porridge. For a while you will have to abandon berries and nuts, strong coffee, chocolate. The menu should not contain carbonated drinks, dairy and sour-milk products.
    2. The study is conducted on an empty stomach.Therefore, do not have dinner the day before, in the case when the study will be carried out after lunch, try so that 9 hours pass between the meal and the procedure.
    3. Three days before the procedure, the use of alcohol is undesirable. And the day before the examination you can not smoke.
    4. Before starting the procedure, the patient should inform the doctor about the drugs used by him.

    You can not perform ultrasound diagnostics if the patient has recently had an x-ray, colonoscopy or gastroendoscopy. If the patient has open wounds in the examination area, then ultrasound can only be done after healing.

    In addition to observing general principles, preparation for the diagnosis of individual organs of the genitourinary system of men has its own nuances.

    Getting Ready to Scan the Genitourinary System

    An ultrasound examination will be most reliable if three days before an ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder, products that cause bloating and gas formation are excluded from the menu, since excessive gases will not allow the doctor to clearly examine the kidneys. If the patient has digestive problems, a tendency to flatulence, it is better to switch to such a diet a week before the study.

    Before ultrasound scanning, the intestines should be cleaned of slag as much as possible. If the patient does not suffer from constipation, then there is no need for the use of laxatives. Enough to drink activated carbon or other sorbents after eating. Overweight men and those who suffer from constipation should take a mild laxative or put glycerin suppositories on the eve of an ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder.

    An ultrasound of the kidney is performed when the bladder is full. To do this, at least 1-1.5 liters of water should be consumed an hour before the procedure. The main thing is not to urinate before the examination. It is good if the patient has the opportunity to come to the scan a little earlier and drink the right amount of water in place.

    A similar preparation is necessary for scanning the bladder. In the same way as with an ultrasound of the kidneys, this scan is performed only with a full bladder. It is advisable that the last urination be at least 4 hours before the procedure.

    Prostate ultrasound preparation

    Ultrasound of the prostate is performed in two ways:

    • Transrectally - for diagnosis, a special sensor is inserted into the rectum and the prostate is examined through its walls. This method gives the most accurate results.
    • Transabdominally - examination is performed externally, through the abdominal wall. The results obtained by this diagnostic method allow us to determine only serious changes in the structure of the prostate and large deviations from the norm.

    A transrectal organ test is also used in men who are overweight when scanning a bladder. In other cases, with an external scan of the prostate, an examination of the bladder is also carried out.

    Depending on the procedure of ultrasound of the prostate gland, various preparations for it are also required.

    Transabdominal scan

    Special preparation is not required, compliance with general recommendations is sufficient. The only prerequisite for examining the prostate in this way is the full filling of the bladder. As with kidney scanning, if it is not possible to observe the four-hour interval, you should drink additional water after urination. If it is not completely filled, the doctor may postpone the study.

    Transrectal scanning

    For this procedure, filling the bladder is not necessary, so do not drink plenty of water. The main thing is to cleanse the intestines well before diagnosis.

    Dinner before an ultrasound of the prostate should be very light, but it is better to abandon it altogether. If necessary, laxatives are drunk 12-14 hours before the examination. It is very effective to cleanse the intestines using microclysters or cleansing enemas (1.5 liters).

    Ultrasound of the prostate and bladder: preparation, procedure and decoding

    Ultrasound examination is considered one of the most informative methods for examining internal organs. Due to the painlessness of the procedure and the absence of negative consequences, ultrasound is widely used to refine the results of analyzes, to identify the clinical picture of pathologies of various types. Ultrasound of the bladder and prostate requires preliminary preparation, which we will talk about in more detail.

    Watch the video: Your Radiologist Explains: Prostate Ultrasound (February 2020).