During pregnancy, any disease can lead to unexpected and unpleasant consequences. Indeed, many medicines during this period are strictly forbidden, and you have to choose between effective and most safe means for the child. The same applies to a disease such as the common cold.
What is a cold
A cold is called a number of infectious diseasesaffecting the upper respiratory tract. These include acute respiratory viral infections, acute respiratory infections, sinusitis, otitis media, rhinitis, tonsillitis and others.
For all these diseases common symptoms are characteristic: runny nose, cough, fever, and in some cases, sore throat.
Contrary to popular belief, it is impossible to catch any of these diseases, simply by freezing the body. These are viral diseases, the infection of which occurs in contact with a sick person. Hypothermia, which leads to a decrease in the body's defenses, is only one of the factors that increases the risk of infection.
Causes of a Cold During Pregnancy
The woman’s body is designed so that during pregnancy alone lowers the functionality of the immune system. The fetus is to some extent a foreign body, and so that it is not rejected by the body, defense systems reduce their activity.
This condition is called immunosuppression and it is necessary to prevent a conflict between the body of the mother and the developing baby.
At the same time, this condition leads to the vulnerability of the female body to all kinds of viral diseases. That's why the main cause of the common cold when carrying a child, weakened immunity can be considered.
Any contact and even being in the same room with a sick person at times increases the likelihood of contracting a cold disease.
Other factorscontributing to the onset of the disease are: stress, prolonged exposure to the street in cold weather, allergies, gastritis, smoking, eating a lot of sweets or fatty foods.
The effect of colds on pregnancy
What is the danger and what are the consequences of a cold in the early stages of pregnancy? The first trimester is characterized by the active formation of tissues and organs of the baby. Any problem and a cold in the mother's body in the early stages of pregnancy will necessarily affect the development of the child.
How does a cold affect the fetus during pregnancy? The most dangerous complications of the common cold are:
- fetal hypoxia - a lack of oxygen supplied to it,
- severe pathologies of the development of systems and organs,
- intrauterine infection,
- frozen pregnancy
The common cold is dangerous not only for the baby. A pregnant woman is also at risk serious complications, including: inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, chronic infections, massive blood loss during childbirth, the release of amniotic fluid ahead of schedule, as well as various complications of the postpartum period.
No matter at what period of pregnancy a catarrhal disease occurred, you need be sure to visit a doctor. Only a specialist will determine the severity of the ongoing disease and prescribe the right treatment, taking into account the individual characteristics of the body of a pregnant woman.
Symptoms of the common cold during pregnancy
Any catarrhal disease during pregnancy manifests itself in a woman with the same symptoms as in a normal state, but due to low immunity, the disease often proceeds more severely.
The first signs of a cold - malaise, fatigue, headaches. Gradually, the condition will worsen, after a day a severe runny nose, dry cough, soreness when swallowing, loss of appetite, a slight increase in temperature (no more than 38 ° C) may appear. The active phase of the disease lasts about 3-4 days, after which, if the treatment was carried out correctly, the condition begins to improve.
Cold medicine for pregnancy
What pills and drugs can be used for colds during pregnancy? For the treatment of colds during pregnancy The following drugs are allowed:
- At high temperature - Paracetamol, Panadol (can be used at any time), Grippferon, Viferon (from the second trimester).
- With a cold Aquamaris or Dolphin sinus solutions will help. If the discharge from the nose is very thick and other remedies do not help, you can use the drug Sinupred, but only in tablet form.
- When coughing the most effective means are Lazolvan, Coldrex broncho, Tantum Verde, ACC, Stopangin, Eludryl, Hexaspray.
- A sore throat can be treated with such sprays and rinses as Miramistin, Hexoral, Pinasol, Chlorhexidine, Ingalipt. Safe tablets will be Faringosept and Lizobakt, which must be absorbed in the mouth. These pills have a positive effect on such serious diseases as tonsillitis, stomatitis, pharyngitis, gingivitis, etc.
What can be made from homeopathy for colds during pregnancy? Homeopathic medicines allowed at any stage of pregnancy and are considered completely safe for the treatment of colds. The most common are Flu Hel, Anaferon, Oscillococcinum and Antigrippin.
Oscillococcinum can be taken on a tablet per week as a prophylactic for all sorts of colds.
Treatment of colds during pregnancy with folk remedies
Many folk remedies for colds during pregnancy help to cope with it no worse than medications. But before you apply them, still should get a doctor’s approval.
For sore throat rinses with chamomile, eucalyptus, sage, St. John's wort, as well as a solution of soda and salt with the addition of a few drops of iodine will help. These drugs reduce inflammatory processes, as well as destroy pathogenic bacteria.
At high temperature You can use folk antipyretic drugs:
- decoction of dried raspberry leaves,
- decoction of linden flowers,
- grinding the body with vinegar,
- compresses of cabbage leaves applied to the chest,
- apple broth - 100 g of dried apples is poured with a liter of boiling water,
- carrot or beetroot juice.
Relieve cough and improve expectoration. such means as:
- decoction of the leaves of plantain, coltsfoot and blackcurrant,
- onion broth: a small onion in a husk is placed in a container of water (water should cover the onion), 4-5 tablespoons of sugar are added there, all this is boiled for about half an hour, then it is cooled and filtered. You need to take a decoction for a teaspoon half an hour before eating.
Runny nose help to cope with the washing of the sinuses with the following solutions:
- Mint, rosehip and a string are taken in ratios of 3: 1: 2, mixed, then two tablespoons (tablespoons) of this mixture are poured into a thermos and filled with a glass of boiling water. The broth should be infused for about 3 hours, then it should be filtered and washed with his nose in the morning, afternoon and evening.
- Pour 100 ml of warm water into a glass, add a couple of drops of iodine and a small pinch of salt. This solution must be instilled into each nostril in 3 drops.
- Mash some aloe leaves until juice is obtained, mix this juice in equal proportions with water and bury it in your nose a couple of drops three times a day.
Daily routine for colds
For the entire period of the course of the disease, a pregnant woman must stick to bed. You need to cancel your plans, do not leave the house and do as little chores as possible.
In addition, with a cold should keep yourself warm. On your feet you need to wear warm socks, on your body - a sweater or woolen sweater, spend most of the day wrapped in a blanket.
During a cold important to drink plenty of fluids. Water will improve the elimination of toxic substances from the body, will help in the fight against pathogenic microorganisms. Fruit drinks from lingonberries or cranberries, mineral water without gas, and tea with the addition of honey, chamomile, raspberry or lemon will be very useful.
At the time of illness need to refuse from heavy, spicy, greasy and fried foods. Easily digestible foods should be preferred - cereals, broths, stewed vegetables.
Must be present in the diet garlic and onions, which are natural antibiotics and help fight viral infections.
What methods of treatment are prohibited during pregnancy
The following drugs are strictly prohibited:
- Chloramphenicol, Streptomycin, Tetracycline, Immunomodulators and alcohol tinctures. These drugs increase blood pressure and cause heart palpitations.
- Aspirin. It dilutes blood and increases bleeding. Taking aspirin in the first trimester can cause the development of severe defects in the fetus.
- Indomethacin. A sharp increase in pressure in the pulmonary arteries, which can lead to fetal death.
- Bactrim, Biseptol and other derivatives of co-trimoxazole. May contribute to the development of cleft palate in a child.
- Sleeping pills and hormones. They cause pathologies in the development of the organs and limbs of the baby.
- Vasoconstrictive drops are contraindicated (Tizin, Oksimetazolin, Naftizin or Nazol). They negatively affect the fetal cardiovascular system.
Prevention of the common cold during pregnancy
Pregnant woman to prevent colds must strengthen her immunity. To this end, you need to often walk in the fresh air, move more and adhere to a balanced diet. Before visiting crowded places, it is recommended to treat the nose with oxolin ointment.
During epidemics you should limit visits to public places, or wear gauze dressings, take vitamin complexes, conduct timely vaccinations, and often ventilate the living room.
- Self-medicating colds during pregnancy is extremely dangerous. At the first signs of the disease, you will urgently need to see a doctor, especially if the disease is accompanied by such symptoms as: high fever (more than 38 ° C), vomiting, inflammation of the tonsils, sore throat, severe headaches, shortness of breath.
- Raspberries in the treatment of colds are allowed to apply no earlier than 3 trimesters of pregnancy. It is also better not to use honey in the first half of the child's bearing, since it contributes to the development of allergies in the baby.
- Vitamin complexes are allowed to be taken only with the approval of a doctor. Excess vitamins can cause hypervitaminosis, which is no less dangerous than a deficiency of vitamins in the body.
Cold during pregnancy
ARVI, ARI, viral diseases due to the suppressed immune system of a woman develop rapidly, often with complications. At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to begin to be treated so that the cold does not affect the fetus.
You cannot treat on your own - it is better to consult a doctor.
It is easy to catch a cold during pregnancy, treating your own body as if it is not at the stage of bearing the baby. A tricky disease that can overtake a body weakened by pregnancy.
The expectant mother was overheated in the sun and came under a draft, was it too cold? Cold is provided.
Causes and symptoms
A cold during pregnancy is understood as an infectious disease that spreads to the bronchi, lungs, and throat. The cause of the occurrence is not the penetration of a viral infection from outside, but the general weakness of the protective functions.
Immunity in pregnant women is reduced due to the fact that the body considers the fetus to be a foreign body, so it tries to get rid of it.
Immunosuppression, on the one hand, helps to avoid rejection of the embryo, on the other hand, reduces the protective response to the penetration of viruses into the body.
Because of this, even a short stay near a person who is sick with a cold can provoke a SARS, ARI in a pregnant woman.
In addition to low immunity, the causes of many diseases in pregnant women are:
- alcohol intake
- refusal to follow the doctor’s recommendations
- non-compliance with the established diet.
Even if the expectant mother follows all the rules, does not get too cold, dresses in accordance with the weather, there is still a chance to get sick.
Colds, such as acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections are accompanied by pronounced symptoms. In the first hours after the virus enters the body, a woman feels weakness, weakness, and a decrease in mood.
It’s hard to focus on something, fatigue appears. Transparent watery discharge from the nose may go.
If these symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor to stop the onset of the disease.
If this is not done during the day, sore throat, cough and fever will be added to the initial symptoms, nasal discharge will turn into a bad cold. The rapid development of the disease in pregnant women may be accompanied by future complications.
If you begin to be treated immediately when the first symptoms appear, you can ease the course of the disease within two to three days. A preliminary examination by a doctor, passing tests will show what exactly the expectant mother fell ill with.
Depending on this, treatment is prescribed that will help restore the body and not harm the baby in the womb.
The danger of colds during pregnancy
Colds can affect the formation of the child’s nervous system, provoke the development of various pathologies. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the body of a pregnant woman at all times in order to prevent possible complications on the fetus.
When identifying the degree of the disease, treatment should not be delayed. It is important to remember the danger of a cold during pregnancy for the future baby and mother.
Viruses provoke the occurrence of inflammatory processes in the body. They, in turn, can complicate childbirth, interfere with the proper development of the fetus.
What will happen to the child if the pregnant woman still gets a cold? It depends on what type of catarrhal disease, intensity, what treatment methods are applied to the patient.
There are situations when a woman’s body cannot cope without potent drugs. Then you have to choose between the health of an existing person and the nascent fetus.
It is very undesirable if a cold appeared in the first months of pregnancy. Doctors recommend that you carefully monitor the health of women at this time.
Hypothermia, long walks in the open air, sleep in a cold room are unacceptable.
A person's pregnancy lasts for nine months. They are divided into periods called trimesters. One trimester is equal to three months.
Each period is due to the features of the development of the fetus, the formation of internal organs, nervous system, brain. The first trimester is the most important and at the same time one of the most dangerous periods of pregnancy.
The combination of colds and early pregnancy is undesirable. This should be avoided as carefully as possible. Rubella is one of the most dangerous viral diseases that can infect the mother and baby.
Without a thorough analysis, examination by a doctor, you can confuse it with the usual ARVI. From this, the danger of the disease only increases. The only difference is a mild rash.
If a woman gets a cold in the first trimester of pregnancy, this can adversely affect the fetus.Until the tenth week, future organs, systems are formed and laid in the embryo.
If a viral infection enters the body at this time, development can bring disastrous consequences in the form of pathologies, diseases, complications.
The period is due to the formation of the embryo as a person. The rudiments of the heart, internal organs, nervous system, and blood circulation appear in him.
It is weak to withstand the effects of a viral infection. The disease, which has taken a severe form, will cause irreparable damage to the external and internal state of the fetus.
The danger of a cold in the first trimester is also due to the fact that a woman may not know that she is already pregnant. In this case, the common cold will be treated by conventional means and methods, not suspecting what damage the fetus develops.
The use of potent drugs in the early stages of pregnancy, in the treatment of colds, for a child can have fatal consequences.
Conducting independent treatment for a cold is prohibited. It is recommended to consult a doctor to determine the exact diagnosis. A competent specialist will select the right drugs that will not harm the development of the fetus in the future.
Prevention of the common cold during pregnancy
It is possible to prevent the disease, and not to treat it, with the correct prevention of colds during pregnancy. To avoid infection during the increased season of incidence - in winter, in autumn - you need to go to public places with a medical mask on your face.
Washing of the nose with mineral water, the use of vitamins for pregnant women helps to cope with a possible infection.
Cold prevention during pregnancy prevents colds. To maintain health, it is necessary to eat properly, dress according to the weather, not to be cold.
The first symptoms: what to do
Women do not perceive a cold as something dangerous, trying to move it on their feet. Others agree to lie down for several days in bed, but try to be treated on their own. The right decision is to consult a doctor and make sure that the usual cold has caused the temperature, and not SARS or another flu strain.
The doctor will pick up safe drugs and advise safe herbs. Plants are a natural alternative to pills, but even homeopathic treatment sometimes ends in a miscarriage or premature birth.
Young mothers can obey the "colleagues" sitting on the forums, or drink the miraculous infusion, which was still treated by their grandmother, but the consequences of such therapy are very unpleasant. Only medical workers know for sure which means and in which trimester are safe for the health of the pregnant and developing fetus.
If a cold starts before the weekend and you have to wait until Monday, a woman is recommended to wear woolen socks, make herbal tea and sleep a lot, wrapped in a blanket or plaid. A sick body needs dry heat and rest, then it will be easier for the immune system to fight inflammation.
Pregnant salt is contraindicated in large quantities, because it retains fluid in the body, which is why not only the legs, but also the sinuses swell. As a result, congestion, breathing problems and lack of oxygen in the blood, the risk of fetal hypoxia.
Warm drinking will improve the well-being of a woman, but in the second and third trimester you should not abuse tea, milk with honey or broth, because the more fluid in the body, the more intensively the kidneys, which are already overloaded, should work.
Hot baths are forbidden, feet should not be soared. High temperatures accelerate blood circulation and stimulate uterine contraction, so a pregnant woman may experience a miscarriage. For this reason mustard plasters are prohibited, and steam inhalations should be carried out with caution.
Temperature: what to do
One of the first and main symptoms of a cold is a fever. If the thermometer shows less than 38, you will have to do without pills. A woman should wear comfortable pajamas, but it is advisable not to pull on a terry bathrobe and not to wrap in two thick blankets. Pregnant should be warm, but not hot, otherwise the temperature will rise further.
You can wipe the body with apple or table vinegar with a concentration of 5% or lower. The component is diluted with room temperature water. For part of vinegar, take 3, and preferably 4 parts of liquid. An alternative is freshly squeezed lemon juice, which activates sweating and helps lower the temperature.
With a soft cloth dipped in the solution, wipe the legs and arms, areas under the chest and abdomen. You can ask your husband to treat the heel with vinegar or lemon. On the forehead you need to put a compress, which is turned over as it is heated and changed every 10-15 minutes or more often.
Sweating with a cold is good and beneficial, but so that the body does not suffer from dehydration, you need to drink decoctions and fruit drinks. You can make medicinal tea from dried linden flowers or oregano. Raspberry root quickly copes with a cold, but it should be used with caution during pregnancy.
If there are no herbs in the house, the future mother will be saved by green or black tea. It is advisable to prepare a drink not from sachets, but from natural tea leaves. When the tea is warm, add a couple of tablespoons of honey and a slice of lemon to the cup.
Cranberry or currant fruit drinks, cherry juices and fresh raspberry compotes are useful. In such drinks a lot of ascorbic acid, which strengthens the immune system. You can take pharmacy vitamin C only on the recommendation of a doctor.
Instead of decoction before going to bed, it is better to drink a glass of boiled milk with a slice of butter and 2 tablespoons of honey. Drink no more than 2 liters of fluid per day. If the lower extremities swell or have kidney problems, you should drink up to 7-8 cups of decoctions, tea, compote and other drinks, including soups and other first dishes.
A pregnant woman can bring down the temperature with paracetamol, but only in pure form. Other drugs containing this substance, such as Panadol or Efferalgan, are contraindicated. They affect the child and, if abused, lead to renal or liver failure in the mother.
You can not drink "Nurofen" at a temperature, especially during the third trimester. Aspirin and drugs containing this component can cause bleeding and miscarriage, so they are not suitable for pregnant women.
Cold Management Methods
If the nose is blocked, it is necessary to rinse it and relieve swelling, so that the future mother can breathe easier. Safe pharmacy products are Aqualor, Humer, or Aquamaris.
The main component of such sprays is sea water. At home, you can prepare an alternative remedy from table salt and soda:
- A glass of boiled water, cooled to room temperature, will need 5-10 g of dry ingredients.
- Soda and salt should completely dissolve, the liquid will become a dull white.
- The solution is drawn into a syringe and injected into each nostril in turn, with its head up.
- The liquid must be inhaled carefully so that it also enters the sinuses.
- When the water reaches the throat, you need to quickly tilt your head and blow your nose with the remaining mucus.
- The procedure is carried out until the glass with the product is empty. After washing, you need to drip your nose or grease with vegetable oil.
Instead of saline, herbal decoctions made from sage, clover flowers and highlander roots are used. Dry plants are mixed in equal proportions, you can add calendula or plantain leaves. Chop the grass and cook over medium heat, insist for 2 hours, and then strain and rinse the nose with a decoction.
Tips: If it is inconvenient to use a syringe, you can buy a small syringe in a pharmacy. It is recommended to add 3-5 drops of iodine to a saline solution or herbal decoction in order to quickly remove inflammation in the sinuses. Rinse your nose 5 times a day, and if it is very stuffy, then more often.
Pregnant women are allowed steam inhalation. There are two options for carrying out such a procedure: use a nebulizer or breathe over a saucepan with hot broth. A special device treats both a runny nose and a sore throat, but it has a significant minus - a high price. Not all women are helped by heat, so buying can be useless. It is recommended that you first try the grandmother's method with a pan and a towel.
A decoction for inhalation is prepared from:
- eucalyptus leaves
- chamomile flowers
- pine buds
- forest mallow.
Take one or more components in equal proportions, fill with water - and on a strong fire until boiling. Rearrange the pot with hot broth on the table and bend over the container, covering your shoulders and head with a rug or a large bath towel. Inhale the vapor with your nose, trying to keep your mouth closed. So that this method does not harm the pregnant woman, she should sit over the broth for no more than 5 minutes.
A safer way of local action is to warm the sinuses with a boiled egg or bags of salt. In the first case, the product is wrapped in small towels or pieces of cloth so that they do not burn the skin. In the second embodiment, sand or salt is heated in a dry frying pan, and then pour into small bags. If they seem too hot, you can put fabric or gauze under them.
A doctor can offer a pregnant woman a warming up with a special lamp, but for this she will have to regularly go to the hospital, which is not always convenient. Although this method should not be abandoned with a prolonged runny nose, which threatens to go into sinusitis. You can treat your nose with salt or eggs 2-3 times a day, but preferably not more often. Fix the result from the procedure should be natural drops.
Moisturizing for the nose
During a runny nose, the nasal passages dry out, and irritation appears inside, due to which the disease can drag on for a long time. Expectant mothers are recommended after inhalation and washing to lubricate the mucous membranes with petroleum jelly or baby cream.
Peach and sea buckthorn oil, as well as rose hip, have moisturizing properties. But any of them needs to be bred in sunflower or olive, because in concentrated form, such drops irritate the mucosa even more. For 20 parts of the base, take 1 part of the additive and mix thoroughly. In each nostril no more than 2 drops, three times a day.
Instead of oils, freshly squeezed juices are used:
- carrot, sometimes combined with beetroot,
- orange or tangerine.
With citrus varieties, you need to be careful, because they can cause an allergy in a woman or fetus. Juice bought in a store is not suitable for treating a runny nose, because there is nothing natural in such a drink.
Drops are prepared from onions or aloe. Grind the product, squeeze the juice out of it and dilute it with boiled water. In each nostril, 3 drops. The treatment is supplemented with massage: with gentle movements knead the maxillary sinuses, nose bridge and whiskey. It is recommended to rub an Asterisk or Doctor Mom ointment into these zones.
In the living room or bedroom where the pregnant woman is resting, you need to put a few bowls with chopped onions or garlic, drenched in water. If you do not like the smell, vegetables should be replaced with tea tree essential oil.
It is recommended to ventilate the room in the morning and at bedtime, and if it is warm outside, you can leave the window open for the whole day. Regularly moisten the air from the nebulizer, because if it is very dry, the nose is blocked and it becomes difficult to breathe.
Tip: During sleep, put a high pillow or several under the head so that the mucus does not accumulate in the maxillary sinuses, and the pregnant woman can rest normally.
If folk recipes were powerless, pharmacy drops are allowed. But you need to buy a children's dosage, use no more than once a day and abandon the drug after 2 days.
A woman with a stuffy nose begins to breathe through her mouth. The mucous membranes dry out, an infection gets into the throat, and it becomes inflamed. To quickly remove perspiration and swelling, you should dissolve a teaspoon of sea buckthorn oil or honey. Aloe also has an antibacterial effect: you need to cut a small slice and, without chewing, keep it in your mouth.
First, the throat is washed to remove mucus. A decoction of calendula or oak bark, eucalyptus leaves or sage will come in handy. Rinses are prepared from birch buds or chamomile, a pinch of soda and a few drops of iodine can be added to them.
Redness is removed with alcohol tincture of propolis: a spoonful of the product in a glass of warm water. Try not to swallow the solution, because alcohol can harm the child. An alternative to propolis is an antiviral collection consisting of 10 g of birch leaves, 20 g of eucalyptus and 30 g of sage. Billet in a glass of boiling water, wait 15 minutes, after straining, use for rinsing.
The solution and discomfort will remove the solution from 20 ml of warm water, 1 teaspoon of salt and the same amount of soda. Add 3 drops of iodine, mix thoroughly. The remedy for inflammation and sore throat is ready.
You need a spoonful of dried sage and 200-250 ml of milk. Put the components on low heat, simmer for 10 minutes after boiling. Drink just before bedtime, with or without honey.
A sore throat will remove the mixture, which consists of:
- freshly squeezed juice from half a lemon,
- teaspoon of rosehip syrup,
- 2 tablespoons beet juice
- 30-40 ml of kefir.
Stir the components thoroughly, take them in small sips after rinsing. Antiseptic sprays are good for inflammation, but such medications should be prescribed by a doctor.
If the discomfort after treatment with folk remedies has not disappeared, and the tonsils are swollen or covered with a strange coating, it is necessary to go to the hospital. Ordinary inflammation can be a sore throat or even tonsillitis, which can not be joked.
If you start the fight against a cold at the first symptoms, it quickly recedes, but sometimes the disease is stronger and a cough appears. Pregnant women are advised to drink tea with lemon throughout the day, and before going to bed, use a cup of warm milk with a slice of butter and a pinch of soda.
If the cause of the cough is a sore throat, inhalation with eucalyptus oil or tea tree is helpful. You can make a decoction of sage with linden blossom and chamomile. It will soothe irritation and destroy viruses, and the essential oil has anti-inflammatory properties.
Dry cough should be combated with herbal teas from ledum, string, yarrow or lingonberry leaves. Additionally, it is recommended to rub the upper part of the chest with warmed honey. Leave the product for about an hour, and then rinse with warm water.
Important: In the first trimester, essential oils are not recommended, and in the second and third drinks with a lot of honey, because this product belongs to the category of strong allergens.
Tablets and syrups
Dry or severe coughs can be treated with medications made from natural raw materials. Safe for a child:
- Plantain syrup
- Dr. Tice
- Althea Root,
- Dr. Mom.
Syrups and cough tablets almost do not affect the child, but nevertheless, the doctor, and not the woman herself, must choose the medications, because some components may contain dangerous components.
What to fear
You can not treat a cold with St. John's wort, coltsfoot, echinacea or ginseng, due to which pressure rises and allergies appear. Licorice root stimulates uterine contractions, so a woman may have a miscarriage.Ginkgo biloba is the culprit in preterm labor due to bleeding, and comfrey causes mutations in the fetus.
The common cold is an insidious and dangerous disease, especially for women carrying a child. Expectant mothers are recommended peace, plenty of rest and fruit, care and no stress. The initial symptoms of a cold can be stopped by folk methods, but if the temperature does not drop, and the pregnant woman feels worse, you should immediately go to the hospital and follow the recommendations of specialists.
Colds are a sign of pregnancy.
You can guess about pregnancy by some symptoms. They are more like signs of a cold. With an increase in hormone levels, a woman's body temperature rises to 37.5 degrees, a runny nose, body aches, drowsiness, lethargy. This condition is observed only in the early stages. Later, the pregnant woman feels normal.
How can pregnant women not get the flu?
To protect yourself from infections, you need to grease your nose with Oxolinic ointment before going out. This remedy can protect against influenza in the first trimester, when the use of any medication is undesirable.
At the height of the epidemic, the following recommendations must be observed:
- do not communicate with sick people
- Do not visit public places
- coming home after a walk, gargle and rinse your nose,
- take vitamins and antiviral agents.
Women should take good care of their health. Dress warmly and weather-wise. Eat regularly and fully, eat a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables.
What to do if the first signs of a cold appear
If a woman finds that she is sick, you need to go to bed. Do not play sports or move too much during illness. It is necessary to save strength.
Rules for the treatment of colds:
- Do not take any medicines without the advice of a doctor,
- call a therapist at home,
- regularly ventilate the room and do wet cleaning,
- drink as much fluid as possible
- gargle more often, cleanse the nose,
- take paracetamol from high temperature,
- apply traditional methods of treating the disease.
You can take an antipyretic only after 38 degrees. If the temperature is above 37 degrees, you need to make linden tea and eat raspberries or blueberries, grated with sugar. If there is no such dessert, you can be treated with jam. True, it has few vitamins. Raspberries and blueberries are good sweatshops that help relieve heat and remove toxins from the body.
How to treat a cold during pregnancy
You need to treat the disease under the guidance of a doctor. The expectant mother should remember that uncontrolled medication during this period can adversely affect the health of the unborn child.
What can not be done:
- take aspirin - it can lead to malformations in the fetus,
- bathe in a hot tub
- soar feet
- breathe cold air
- walk barefoot,
- use antibiotics at your discretion.
What can you get from a cold during pregnancy:
- take Paracetamol, if the thermometer is above 38 degrees (no more than three tablets per day),
- make a cold compress on the forehead (moisten a towel in running water),
- wipe hands and feet with diluted vinegar
- drink linden tea with honey.
During colds, you need to try to drink every half hour, but little by little. At a time you need to drink 70 ml of water. As a drink, use herbal teas, juices, compotes.
What can be taken by pregnant women with a cold
In the first month or week of pregnancy, you can not take medications. In the 2nd and 3rd trimester, the doctor may prescribe cough tablets or a drop from a cold. During this period, the fetus has already formed, and the use of medicines will not harm him.
Treatment of colds during pregnancy:
- interferon-based drugs - Viferon suppositories,
- antipyretic - Paracetamol,
- anti-inflammatory - ibuprofen,
- antihistamines - Zirtek,
- vasoconstrictors - Nazivin,
- mucolytics - Linkas, Mukoltin, Herbion,
- vitamins C, A, E, PP,
- antibiotics - Benzylpenicillin, Erythromycin.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Ketanal, Diclofenac, Ibuprofen) can be used in the 2nd trimester. The use of these funds can lead to complications: the duration of pregnancy increases, blood coagulation decreases, the amount of amniotic fluid decreases. In the 1st and 3rd trimester, it is forbidden to use NPP.
Pregnant in the early stages can not use vasoconstrictor drops. Nazol, Naphthyzine, Tizin in this period is prohibited to bury. Drops can lead to rapid heart rate of the fetus. Subsequently, this may affect his health.
Ways to treat a runny nose in the early stages:
- Cooking ointments. Melt the honey in a water bath, add a few drops of vegetable oil and garlic. Turunds are soaked with ointment and inserted into the nasal passages.
- Homemade drops. Squeezed aloe juice or Kalanchoe is instilled into each nostril. You can add a couple of drops of honey. For the same purpose, beet juice is used. Drops relieve swelling and inflammation, remove mucus from the nose.
- Washing. The nose is washed with a decoction of chamomile, propolis, celandine. You can use saline.
- Steam inhalation. Boil water, add ethereal drops of eucalyptus, tea tree. Before the procedure, you need to clean your nose and drink a decoction of licorice root to thin the sputum.
- Massage. To eliminate congestion, massage the nose for 10 minutes.
- Rinsing. Prepare herbal tinctures from calendula, sage, chamomile. With warm infusion, you need to rinse the nasopharynx several times a day.
It is useful to rinse the nose with saline or soda solution. You can add a couple drops of iodine to salted water. On a glass of liquid take one teaspoon of salt or soda.
For washing the nose use a teapot for brewing. Water should be warm, but not hot. The procedure is done 2 or 3 times a day. You can buy ready-made washing products at the pharmacy, for example, Aquamaris, Aqualor, Dolphin.
In the 2nd and 3rd trimester, the nose can be instilled with drops of Pinosol, Sinupret, Nazivin. During this period, it is allowed to use antibiotics if the pregnant woman has purulent sinusitis. The safest are Azithromycin, Spiramycin.
Having become ill, a woman must take all measures to recover. The most dangerous symptom of a cold during pregnancy is coughing. Because of it, the tone of the uterus increases, premature birth, miscarriage, uterine bleeding can occur, and the child may experience oxygen starvation or develop an intrauterine infection.
Medicines for colds during pregnancy and cough:
- Mukoltin, Althea root syrup, Herbion - from dry cough in 1 trimester,
- Bronchipret, Dr. Tice - for wet cough in the early stages,
- Eucabal, Gedelix, Bronchicum - for dry cough in the 2nd and 3rd trimester,
- Stoptussin Fito, Doctor Theise, Herbion, Linkas - for wet cough in the 2nd and 3rd trimester.
What drugs should not be taken by pregnant women:
Especially dangerous is coughing in the early stages of pregnancy. During this period, the laying of the organs of the unborn child takes place. An infection or medication can cause fetal development problems. Coughing can lead to hypoxia, placental abruption, and miscarriage. In the 2nd trimester, viruses are hard to get through the placenta. However, frequent coughing fits can increase uterine tone. In the later months, the placenta is aging, and dangerous toxins and medications used by the mother can pass through it.
How to treat a sore throat?
During pregnancy, the throat is treated with frequent rinses. The procedure is performed every 30 minutes. Gargle with a runny nose and cough. This procedure helps to soften the mucus formed there and calm the throat irritated by frequent attacks.
If a woman has angina, you can use medicinal herbs to rinse. On a glass of liquid take one tablespoon of sage or chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort. With angina, you can not gargle with solutions of soda and salt. The liquid should not be too hot.
In addition to rinsing, the throat can be lubricated with tea tree oil or sea buckthorn. During this period, you need to drink milk with butter. From the use of honey you need to refuse, it will irritate the mucous membrane.
With angina, pharyngitis, tonsillitis during pregnancy, alcohol-containing drugs can not be used. It is forbidden to smear the throat with propolis. Do not use Stop Angina and Yoks Sprays.
Some drugs can be prescribed for pregnant women. Chlorhexidine is used to gargle. With angina, Miramistin Spray is prescribed. In the 2nd trimester, the throat can be lubricated with Lugol. With severe pain, you can dissolve Lizobact or Laripront lollipops.
Consequences and danger of colds
How a cold will affect an unborn child, not a single doctor can say. If a woman is sick in the early or late stages of pregnancy, the infection can penetrate the placenta and affect the development of the fetus. No less dangerous during this period and drugs. The use of certain drugs can lead to hormonal imbalance. A metabolic disorder in the mother's body sometimes leads to the development of pathologies in the child.
If a woman is worried about complications, she can do tests. You can check in what condition amniotic fluid, and whether there are any abnormalities in the fetus. True, after such an analysis, you will need to make a choice - leave the child or have an abortion. Not all women are ready to decide the fate of their baby. Not always identified violations can lead to problems with the health of the child.
Nature herself knows when to terminate a pregnancy. If something goes wrong, a woman has a miscarriage. If there is no threat, and the general analysis of blood and urine is normal, you can not touch the fetus and let it develop quietly. After all, any interference in a newborn life can have consequences.
Treating colds during pregnancy
Treating a cold during pregnancy is not an easy process, but necessary. In view of the great danger of complications for mother and baby, treatment should be done immediately.
The first thing you should do is consult with your doctor. In your position, traditional anti-cold artillery is contraindicated, so you should be very careful when choosing treatment methods. If for some reason you were unable to contact your gynecologist, the main rule that you must adhere to in treatment is not to harm. Better less than more. Therefore, carefully weigh your every step.
Start with a plentiful warm (but never hot) drink: juice, teas, water, fruit drinks, milk with butter and honey, herbal decoctions (linden blossom, chamomile, dog rose). With a cold, this is the first salvation. But keep in mind that excess fluid can lead to swelling, so you should still control its amount.
Take into account that antibiotics, immunomodulators, alcohol tinctures, blood pressure and pulse boosting drugs, antipyretics are contraindicated for you. It is not necessary to take vitamin C tablets separately. Among the medicines, it is possible to use, for example, Paracetamol (for lowering the temperature and for headaches), Faringosept (for perspiration in the throat), Furacilin (for gargling). In general, the choice should be stopped at homeopathy. Only, as in any other case, all appointments must be made by a specialist.
Otherwise, it is better to turn to traditional medicine. But keep in mind that you may experience an allergic reaction to many of the ingredients in her recipes. So choose the most harmless of recipes. Horseradish helps very well during colds during pregnancy: grate its root on a fine grater, mix with the same amount of sugar, leave it in a warm place for 12 hours, strain and take 1 tablespoon every hour in the acute cold period. This tool has no side effects, it is completely safe in your position and is an excellent natural immunostimulant.
In general, all therapy will include the treatment of cold symptoms: treatment for cough during pregnancy, treatment for runny nose during pregnancy, treatment for temperature during pregnancy, treatment for sore throats. Other symptoms include headache, sneezing, general malaise, fatigue, sniffling when inhaling through the nose.
Inhalations using sage, chamomile and St. John's wort will help to avoid coughing, as they perfectly help to soften the inflamed nasopharynx, and inhaling the onions and garlic fumes effectively treat the common cold. Aromatherapy helps, especially coniferous oils. An excellent medicine is honey during pregnancy.
Inhalations should be mentioned separately, since they often significantly alleviate the condition of a pregnant woman with a cold. It is recommended, for example, to breathe in pairs of baking soda, boiled potatoes in their skins, adding a tablespoon of pharmacy chamomile or sage, blackcurrant leaves, eucalyptus, oak, birch. It is useful to inhale with your nose and mouth pairs of grated large raw onions for about 10 minutes, but no more than 2 times a day. You can try inhalation with rosehip, thyme, hyssop or chamomile oil. Heat the water, add a few drops of oil. Cover yourself with a towel for a few minutes over the “magic” saucepan. And immediately to bed! Individual intolerance to aromatic oils and herbs is common. Therefore, be attentive to your feelings. And it is better to consult a doctor before proceeding with inhalation during pregnancy.
Thermal procedures during this period are contraindicated. However, if things are really bad, and the tried and tested methods are weak, you can put dry mustard seeds on your feet and put on woolen socks. It is not recommended to soar your legs, but if you are very cold (if your legs are numb), when you come home after unsuccessful adventures, you should definitely warm up your legs. This method is used even if there are still no symptoms of a cold - for preventive purposes. But you can’t use hot water! But you can soar your hands under the tap with hot water for the future mother - this is an excellent remedy for the common cold and sore throat! Dry heat will not bring harm. At the first sensation of a cold, wrap your neck in a warm scarf, put on woolen socks, warm pajamas and go to bed. If you take such warming measures on time, often the next morning from a cold and no trace.
Do not forget about your menu. It should include light stomach-friendly dishes containing all the necessary substances and trace elements. Exclude heavy meat food, rich rich broths, spicy, smoked and confectionery products for the duration of the illness.
If all allowed methods are used, and relief does not occur, be sure to tell your doctor about this. But if at the same time you’re getting worse and worse, you can’t delay in any case. The risks in a worsening condition are too great. Therefore, immediately call an ambulance.
What are the symptoms of a cold during pregnancy
Signs of the disease usually begin with a sore throat or perspiration, which lasts for two days, followed by the gradual appearance of other signs of a cold, including:
- Runny nose (and later nasal congestion)
- Frequent sneezing
- Mild fatigue
- A dry cough, especially near the end of the illness, which may last for a week or more after the other symptoms have subsided,
- Chills (usually at 37.7 ° C)
Is it a cold or flu
- Learning to distinguish colds from flu
The common cold, even the most unpleasant one, is milder than the flu. Her symptoms appear gradually and no, usually no chills.A sore throat that usually begins with the illness goes away in a day or two, leaving a runny nose and cough.
Influenza is a more serious illness and comes on suddenly.
Flu symptoms include:
- high temperature (usually 38.8 ° C to 40 ° C or higher)
- sore throat, which usually worsens on the second or third day,
- often intense muscle pain and general weakness and fatigue (which lasts several weeks or longer),
- You can also sneeze and cough.
Sore throat treatment
Recipes for rinsing with sore throat during pregnancy
With the appearance of pain in the throat, one can judge the appearance of more serious diseases in women than the common cold. When the first pain, sore throat appears, it is rinsed.
For this purpose, decoctions based on plants such as:
Also, a solution based on iodine and salt can be used to gargle. It is strictly forbidden to pregnant women with sore throats to dissolve candies that are sold in a pharmacy. They can be replaced with a spoonful of sea buckthorn oil or a piece of aloe leaf.
To alleviate sore throats and exclude the possibility of the spread of infection, it is necessary to use warm decoctions.
To prepare one of them, you need to take 1 teaspoon of rosehip syrup, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. 2 tablespoons of freshly squeezed red beet juice and half lemon juice are added to it. The resulting drug is necessary when the first signs of sore throat appear.
If you carry out a comprehensive intake of medicines for pain in the throat, then you can get rid of them as soon as possible.
Temperature - what to do
Ways to lower body temperature with a cold
If the female temperature does not exceed an indicator of more than 38 degrees, then taking antipyretic drugs is not recommended. Pregnant women are forbidden to take most pharmaceutical preparations at a temperature. That is why, in most cases, folk remedies are used.
Cold compresses are most often used to relieve pain and easier heat transfer. To do this, moisten a piece of tissue in water at room temperature and attach to the forehead.
The most harmless way to lower the temperature is to wipe with vinegar. To do this, it must be diluted in half with warm water and wipe the entire body of a pregnant woman. If a female has a high temperature, then the application of vinegar compresses is carried out under large arteries.
Quite effective in the fight against fever is tea based on linden blossom.
When it is used, the pores of the patients open, which allows them to sweat and get rid of the temperature. Also, to combat the disease, herbal teas based on coltsfoot, oregano, raspberries, etc. are used.
All these funds give a high effect of exposure, which guarantees a decrease in temperature in pregnant women as soon as possible.
Runny nose - safe treatment
Most commonly used are vasoconstrictive drops or sprays to treat the common cold. In this case, the female representative must strictly adhere to the dosage of drugs. Use drugs to treat the common cold is necessary as rarely as possible. This is due to the fact that the body of women who are in an interesting position, very often gets used to drugs, which negatively affects their health.
With frequent use of vasoconstrictor drugs, they can enter the esophagus and be absorbed into the blood. After this, the drug constricts the vessels of the placenta, which leads to a violation of the blood supply to the child.
In order to eliminate the common cold, it is necessary to use slightly salted water for washing the nose. It can be prepared independently or purchased at pharmacies. For self-preparation of the solution, you must use a glass of boiled water, in which two grams of salt are diluted. Pharmacy analogues of this tool are Salin and Aqua Maris.
A useful video is a cold during pregnancy.
To combat the common cold, massaging the points located near each nostril is very often used. In order to enhance the effectiveness of this method, Eucabal, Asterisk, Doctor Mom and other similar drugs are used.
Treatment of the common cold can be carried out using traditional medicine, the preparation of which is based on raspberries, sage, oregano, apple, beets, carrots, violets.
All of the above drugs have a high effect in the treatment of the common cold. But before using them, a woman needs to consult a doctor.
Traditional medicine recipes
Today, there is a huge amount of traditional medicine that can be used to treat pregnant women.
- The most effective in the treatment of colds is ginger. Tea is made from it. To do this, take fresh ginger, grate 1/4 cup and pour 0.8 liters of water. Boil tea for 10 minutes, let it brew and consume with honey and lemon.
- Also, for the treatment of colds, aloe can be used, due to the presence of bactericidal and anti-inflammatory properties. During pregnancy, it must be used as carefully as possible, since it negatively affects the tone of the muscles of the uterus.
- The most useful and quick-acting remedies in the fight against colds are inhalations. Especially if they are prepared on the basis of eucalyptus. It is an effective expectorant, with the help of which the mucus of the nasal passages, lungs, bronchi is cleaned, which positively affects the healing process.
- For inhalation, essential oil is used. The procedure is carried out on a hot water tank into which a few drops of oil are added. You can also use dry eucalyptus. To prepare the medicine, it must be boiled for 10 minutes.
- During pregnancy, the treatment of colds can be done with lemon and honey. This is not only a highly effective, but also a tasty way to treat colds. There are a huge number of recipes for preparing medicines based on lemon and honey. The simplest of them is adding lemon and honey to tea from linden, coltsfoot, chamomile, etc.
- For the treatment of colds in pregnant women, the dog rose can be used, which is characterized by the presence of diuretic, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic properties. With the help of this tool, not only a full-fledged fight against colds is carried out, but also immunity is strengthened.
Traditional medicine is very powerful in treating colds. Despite this, it is forbidden to use it for pregnant women without consulting a doctor.
When you urgently need to see a doctor
Take action if:
- You have a temperature above 38.8 ° C,
- Failure is serious enough and deprives you of sleep, your appetite also disappears,
- You expectorate greenish or yellowish mucus,
- Do you have a cough with chest pain or wheezing,
- If symptoms last more than 10 or 14 days: it is possible that the disease has progressed to secondary infection. A visit to your doctor should be necessary to ensure the safety and health of the child.
Safe Cold Medicines During Pregnancy
Before sending a husband to a pharmacy, or maybe not a husband, but sending someone, contact your doctor and ask him questions: how to treat a cold during pregnancy? And which drugs are considered safe?
If you experience chills or suffer from unpleasant body aches or headaches, medications containing acetaminophen (or tylenol) are allowed.
- Cough medicine
Treatment of coughing during the period of carrying the baby is more complicated. Therefore, of the pharmaceutical preparations are allowed only: Coldrex broncho (short term), lazolvan (in the second and third trimester),
- ACC (for liquefaction and release of sputum) at any time, but under observation.
Medicines that should not be taken during pregnancy
Some of the drugs are illegal because they can harm an unborn baby.
- Some painkillers and chills, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, can interfere with development in the first months.
- Most decongestants: Claritin-D, Sudafed, or DayQuil are not dangerous to use after the first trimester, and only in limited quantities (i.e., once or twice a day for no more than a day or two).
- Some nasal sprays: stay away from non-steroidal nasal decongestant sprays containing oxymetazoline (like Afrin) unless the doctor gives a green light to these medicines. These drugs are cautious and prescribed only as a last resort and after the first trimester.
- Some homeopathic remedies: do not take echinacea, extra vitamins (such as zinc supplements) without a medical opinion.
Alternative methods of treating a cold during pregnancy
Folk ways than to treat a cold during pregnancy:
- Garlic, as you know, is a leader in the fight against viruses, so eat it by adding to the soup or roast, or you can just like that.
- Keeping your nasal passages moisturized helps relieve nasal congestion, especially at night.
- Saline drops in the nose or rinses help moisturize the nasal passages, as they are non-drug, they are completely safe to use. Rinsing with warm salt water (1/4 teaspoon of salt per 200 ml of warm water) can relieve sore throat and control cough.
- A couple of teaspoons of honey under the tongue (or added to hot water with lemon) to help suppress a dry cough, which often occurs after a cold.
If a woman has already been ill and the question of how to treat a cold during pregnancy is no longer relevant (maybe the future mother was outside the house, on a trip), then it is necessary to inform the obstetrician-gynecologist of the antenatal clinic, as some pathogens can overcome the placental barrier and cause intrauterine infections .
But this is not fatal: if it is detected on time (there are special tests for intrauterine infections) and treated, then there will be no consequences. If it is reasonable to treat a cold during pregnancy, then the infection transferred by the mother will not affect the baby in any way, since he is reliably protected - nature took care of this.
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