Healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke

Jerusalem artichoke, belonging to the class of perennials, has a straight thin stalk, reaching a height of three to four meters, and hard, rough leaves. A strong plant stem is able to withstand strong winds.

Oblong tubers attached to rhizomes of Jerusalem artichoke are of various colors (for example, the color of tubers can vary from yellowish to brown, and sometimes red). It should be noted that tubers ripen in one season (mainly in 125 days), and after the first frost they are ready for consumption. Jerusalem artichoke tubers are extremely unpretentious to frost, so they can "winter" in the soil without losing their healing properties.

Jerusalem artichoke blooms in August with beautiful yellow flowers that look like a sunflower flower. But the fruit, which looks like a small achene, ripens in September.

Table of contents

  • Foreword
  • Description of Jerusalem artichoke
  • Growing Jerusalem artichoke
  • Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke
  • The composition of Jerusalem artichoke
  • The use of Jerusalem artichoke
  • The healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke
From the series: Pocket healer

The given introductory fragment of the book The healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke. For diabetes, obesity, anemia, gastrointestinal diseases (Yuri Konstantinov, 2017) provided by our book partner - LitRes company.

An important advantage of Jerusalem artichoke is the high inulin content (up to 35%). Especially a lot of this substance is found in tubers. When a tuber hibernates in the ground, the loss of inulin is about 16%. Inulin is the only known natural reserve polysaccharide that is 95% fructose.

The green mass of Jerusalem artichoke contains: water - up to 78.2%, fiber - 3.0%, inulin - 5.0%, protein - 2.3%, nitrogen-free substances - 8.0%, ash - 2.7%, fat - 0.8%. In nutritional value, it is superior to flowering clover and corn. Therefore, Jerusalem artichoke is considered a very valuable feed for farm animals. They eat vegetables more readily than other herbal crops, not only in fresh form, but also in the form of silage and haylage. At the same time, their weight gain and productivity are much higher than with conventional feeding.

In Jerusalem artichoke there is practically no starch. Starch is a carbohydrate, which in such portions in which we consume it is very harmful to us. It goes into glucose alone when digested in the gastrointestinal tract. The carbohydrate complex of Jerusalem artichoke is different from other vegetables, it consists of fructose and its polymers: fructooligosaccharides and inulin.

Fructooligosaccharides are a mixture of chains of glucose and fructose, when used in food in the gastrointestinal tract, the microbial composition improves, the absorption of calcium and magnesium ions increases. In addition, the normal calorie content of fructooligosaccharides allows them to be consumed by people suffering from the effects of a starchy diet. Inulin contained in Jerusalem artichoke tubers is a natural polysaccharide consisting of 95% fructose. Its use has a beneficial effect on cholesterol and stabilizes the amount of glucose in human blood. Jerusalem artichoke for 77% consists of valuable inulin carbohydrate, which is converted to fructose, and also has a hepatoprotective effect. Therefore, nutritionists recommend that root crops be included in the diet for people who have diabetes and hepatitis B, C.

The balance of micro- and macroelement composition is a unique feature of Jerusalem artichoke tubers. They contain a large amount of iron, silicon, zinc, magnesium, potassium, manganese, phosphorus, calcium.

Amino acids are balanced in Jerusalem artichoke. All 18 amino acids! This is another important advantage of Jerusalem artichoke, in comparison with other fruits and vegetables, for example, with an apple, a pear. The amino acid composition of Jerusalem artichoke is the most unique. It adapts to any climatic conditions, in the south, in the north, in Magadan, for example. So nature created him.

Selenium is absorbed by the body by 5–7% of the required norm. Jerusalem artichoke itself is not a selenium-containing product, but it greatly increases the digestibility of selenium in the body if it is added to a normal human diet! Selenium inhibits the development of cancer, as well as liver, kidney and HIV disease. Jerusalem artichoke is also a prophylactic drug against immunodeficiency syndrome. Even at the beginning of the discovery of AIDS, Japanese scientists said that Jerusalem artichoke is a clear immunocorrector against this syndrome.

Jerusalem artichoke promotes the assimilation of selenium by the human body from the food it consumes, it contains citric, malic, succinic, fumaric, ascorbic acids, which are actively involved in human metabolism. Jerusalem artichoke tubers contain up to 5% fiber - an excellent "cleanser" of the intestine.

Earthen pear is rich in fiber and pectin. These substances improve intestinal motility and normalize metabolism. For this reason, it should be included in all diets.

Earth pear tubers are an excellent source of B vitamins, vitamin A and C.

This product is rich in valuable micro and macro elements.

The chemical composition of Jerusalem artichoke tubers is rich in vitamin C; it, like vitamin B1, is 2 times more in these tubers than in potato tubers. It also contains a lot of iron, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, the amount of which exceeds the same indicators in vegetables such as beets, carrots and potatoes. Jerusalem artichoke contains protein, carbohydrates, fructose, inulin (polysaccharide), which has antidiabetic properties, and fiber. Thanks to this composition, Jerusalem artichoke can be used for diabetes, as well as for its prevention. A vegetable is able to reduce sugar and cholesterol, it alleviates the symptoms of urolithiasis, gout, and helps with anemia and gastrointestinal upsets.

- contribute to muscle building,

- regulate the hormonal background,

- carry out the transportation of hemoglobin,

- improve erectile function,

- participate in the synthesis of insulin,

- interfere with the development of fatty liver.

The proteins contained in Jerusalem artichoke are represented by 16 amino acids, half of which are not produced in the human body.

- speeds up the healing process,

- slows down the blood coagulation process,

- provides dissolution of intravascular blood clots.

Macro and microelements

- regulates metabolism,

- normalizes water balance,

- strengthens the heart muscle,

- normalizes blood pressure,

- activates the work of the heart muscle,

- removes toxins and toxins.

- normalizes the central nervous system,

- strengthens the heart, capillaries, blood vessels,

- normalizes the digestive tract,

- normalizes water-salt metabolism,

- supports blood and lymph in the so-called “working” condition,

- maintains acid-base balance,

- provides contraction of skeletal muscles, as well as the myocardium.

- promotes the formation of red blood cells,

- provides the synthesis of thyroid hormones,

- neutralizes pathogenic bacteria.

- provides energy metabolism,

- activates physical and mental activity,

- normalizes the work of the heart and kidneys.

- activates anabolic processes,

- enhances the process of hematopoiesis,

- neutralizes the negative effects on the body of free radicals,

- provides insulin synthesis,

- stimulation of mental activity,

- activation of the process of bone formation,

- acceleration of wound healing,

- stimulation of the functions of the reproductive system.

- provides bone mineralization processes,

- participates in the functioning of the blood coagulation system,

- participates in the construction of both epithelial and nerve cells,

- improves the condition of bone tissue,

- prevents the formation of urinary stones.

- Normalize all metabolic processes.

- Ensure the normal construction of membranes forming the skeleton of cells.

- Prevent the deposition of uric acid salts in the joints.

- Improve the digestion process by increasing the secretory function of the salivary glands, enhancing the secretion of bile and activating the motor function of the intestine.

It should be noted that Jerusalem artichoke contains a whole complex of vitamins, fiber, pectin, carbohydrates and inulin. These substances should be given special attention, because it is thanks to their presence that Jerusalem artichoke has been widely used in medicine.

Carbohydrates and Jerusalem artichoke

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for humans. Without carbohydrates, the normal metabolic process is impossible, and, therefore, the proper functioning of all body systems. Carbohydrates for the body are on a par with proteins and fats. Carbohydrates of plant origin contained in Jerusalem artichoke normalize blood sugar concentration, strengthen immunity, prevent the deposition of fat in liver cells, thereby eliminating the development of fatty degeneration of the liver, which entails a violation of all the functions of this organ.

Carbohydrate deficiency can lead to metabolic disorders associated with the accelerated formation of ketones (for example, acetone), an excessive amount of which can cause brain tissue poisoning.

Jerusalem artichoke is rich in carbohydrates: for example, by 77%, the root crop consists of inulin carbohydrate, which is converted to fructose during long-term storage.

Jerusalem artichoke and inulin

Inulin for 95% consists of natural fructose, which (unlike glucose), firstly, penetrates into cells without any participation of insulin, and secondly, replaces glucose in metabolic processes that occur in the human body. Therefore, Jerusalem artichoke and preparations based on it are indicated for people suffering from diabetes.

Inulin, which belongs to the group of prebiotics and is contained in large quantities in Jerusalem artichoke, acts on the body as follows:

- Improves glucose utilization, thereby contributing to the synthesis of glycogen, protein, "good" cholesterol, bile acids.

- Restores the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract by neutralizing the harmful effects of toxic substances and toxins in the intestines, as well as in the blood.

- Restores the functional activity of insulin, that is, it brings to normal the state of absolutely all types of metabolism, including fat.

- Normalizes blood sugar.

- Improves the process of calcium absorption by bone tissue. So, taking Jerusalem artichoke not only stimulates bone growth, but also prevents (or stops) the symptoms of bone diseases.

- Favorably affects the immune system. Jerusalem artichoke in particular, and inulin-containing additives based on this plant as a whole, are rightly considered natural immunomodulators, analogues of which do not exist. Inulin helps to increase the population of beneficial intestinal microflora (we are talking about bifidobacteria and lactobacilli), which prevents the multiplication of various pathogenic microorganisms directly in the intestine. And this, in turn, helps lower blood cholesterol.

- Reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, as it prevents the formation of blood clots, lowers blood pressure and reduces the concentration of "bad" cholesterol in the blood. In addition, the inulin contained in Jerusalem artichoke improves the absorption of magnesium, which affects the activity of about 300 enzymes that are responsible for regulating the functioning of the cardiovascular system.

- Improves the processes of bile formation and bile secretion, thereby reducing the risk of liver and gall bladder diseases.

It is proved that inulin-containing plants, including Jerusalem artichoke, have a hepatoprotective effect, therefore, they are recommended for patients with viral hepatitis B and C occurring in the chronic stage.

Jerusalem artichoke tubers contain coarse insoluble fiber, which is one of the most important elements of human nutrition.

Fiber performs the following functions in the body:

- cleanses the intestines from various harmful substances, thereby normalizing its work,

- lowers blood sugar,

- prevents the formation of stones in the gallbladder,

- reduces the risk of developing diseases such as dysbiosis, colitis, enteritis, gastritis, atherosclerosis, obesity, diabetes, hemorrhoids,

Today there is a pharmacy version of a food supplement on sale called “Jerusalem artichoke fiber”, which is indicated for the prevention of a number of cardiovascular and oncological diseases. In addition, this food supplement is recommended as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and digestive system diseases.

Contraindications to the use of the drug are:

- individual intolerance to the constituents of the product,

- intestinal obstruction caused by severe adhesive disease or a tumor,

- stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer in the acute stage,

- hypertension, accompanied by frequent crises,

- a state of excessive excitement.

A substance called pectin was obtained precisely from the root crop of Jerusalem artichoke.

- adsorption of toxins, salts of heavy metals and toxins with their subsequent removal from the body,

- improvement of intestinal motility,

- maintaining a normal balance of beneficial intestinal microflora,

- reduced accumulation of atherosclerotic plaques directly on the walls of the cardiac arteries,

- normalization of metabolism,

- lower cholesterol,

- neutralization of the harmful effects of certain drugs on the body,

- acceleration of wound healing.

Pectins, which contain a large amount of Jerusalem artichoke tubers, normalize the balance of beneficial intestinal microflora, due to which this plant is used as a rather effective adjuvant in the treatment of dysbiosis. In addition, pectins, increasing the resistance of the digestive organs to viral as well as bacterial etiology, prevent various parasites from entering the digestive tract.

Vitamins and Jerusalem artichoke

Jerusalem artichoke tubers are an excellent source of vitamins A, C, as well as B vitamins (for example, Jerusalem artichoke is almost 4 times higher than beets, carrots, and potatoes in the amount of these vitamins).

Vitamin C It has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, vasoconstrictive and antispasmodic effects. This vitamin is involved in the synthesis of collagen, which is a protein of connective tissue, which is the structural basis of the skin, nails, hair, bones, and blood vessels. Vitamin C is perhaps the most popular in the world.

Vitamin C action:

- a decrease in the content of uric acid directly in the blood serum,

- increased capillary permeability,

- stimulation of the production of adrenal hormones,

- elimination of harmful compounds leading to the development of malignant neoplasms in the digestive tract.

B vitamins participate in all types of exchanges, thereby regulating the functions of the digestive, nervous, muscular, and cardiovascular systems.

The action of B vitamins:

- participation in providing energy to muscles, the brain, as well as the peripheral nervous system,

- reduction of mental and physical fatigue,

- participation in tissue respiration,

- improving the condition of the eyes,

- activation of the pancreas and liver,

- increased immune reactivity of the body,

- participation in the synthesis of hemoglobin and the production of sex hormones,

- improvement of the skin, hair, nails.

Vitamin A provides:

- maintaining growth processes and cell differentiation,

- normal growth and full development of internal organs,

- increasing local and general resistance, due to which it is part of vitamin complexes designed to strengthen immunity and prevent colds,

- strengthening of all membrane structures of cells,

- normal functioning of the skin, as well as the mucous membranes.

What is Jerusalem artichoke?

  • Often the plant is called "earthen pear", "Jerusalem artichoke", "tuberous sunflower", "bulb", "Chinese potato", "sun root".

  • The edible part is the root crops of the plant, with their clumsy form resembling either heavily tortured potatoes, or fashionable ginger.

  • Jerusalem artichoke came to us from North America, capturing half the world along the way due to its unpretentiousness in cultivation and care.

  • It does not require watering, it feels great on dry soil and in moist places, grows quietly without weeding and hilling, effectively replaces weeds and can serve as a green fence.
  1. Jerusalem artichoke reaches a height of two meters, and sometimes more.

Depending on the growing conditions on one stem, there can be up to 10 sweetish tubers, which taste slightly reminiscent of a cabbage stalk.

The greatest health benefits come from fresh fruits. Although experienced housewives use them in salads, boil, stew, fry.

The chemical composition of Jerusalem artichoke

The use of tubers is due to their chemical composition. All kinds of chemical elements (silicon, magnesium, zinc, copper, sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, selenium, iron), vitamins C, B1, B2, A, E, PP, proteins, carbohydrates and fiber are in almost perfect proportions. The product also contains citric, malic, succinic acids, a large number of amino acids.

The presence of insulin in the fruits determines the usefulness of Jerusalem artichoke for diabetes. Tubers quickly reduce blood sugar and effectively regulate the functioning of the pancreas.

Not split portion of insulin helps cleanse the body of toxins and cholesterol.

Varieties of Jerusalem artichoke

Worldwide, there are more than 300 varieties, as well as Jerusalem artichoke hybrids, which are grown for food, as livestock feed and as an ornamental plant. In Russia, mainly only two varieties are cultivated - this Early maturing and Interest , which are similar in their chemical composition, and therefore are equally used in folk medicine (the following information and recipes apply equally to these two varieties).

The significant difference between these varieties lies only in the fact that Skorospelka gives a tuber crop at the end of September, due to which it can be cultivated in central Russia. In turn, the tubers of the Interest variety, although almost twice the yield of Skorospelka, ripen only in November, which makes it impossible to cultivate this variety in central Russia.

Gastrointestinal tract

Earth pear will be an excellent assistant for diseases of the digestive system. Gastritis, colitis, pancreatitis, diseases of the duodenum successfully treats an unpretentious plant.

With it, you can get rid of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, bitterness in the mouth. Tubers are also used as a choleretic and diuretic.

What is Jerusalem artichoke and how is it useful?

Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial tuberous plant that was brought to our continent from North America in the 18th century. Jerusalem artichoke is also called an earthen pear or Jerusalem artichoke, and officially it is called tuberous sunflower. It belongs to the Astrov family, a genus of sunflowers. The earthen pear is similar in appearance to the root of ginger, and in taste it resembles sweet potatoes. The ground part of the Jerusalem artichoke grows up to 2-4 meters and resembles sunflower.

Botanists know more than 300 varieties of earthen pear. This plant is unpretentious, so it grows well on moist soils and in poor lighting. What treats Jerusalem artichoke? The use of earthen pears improves the functioning of the nervous, endocrine, immune system. The use of the Jerusalem artichoke on the digestive system has a particularly positive effect. Still tuberous sunflower cleanses the body from harmful radioactive substances. Jerusalem artichoke has many medicinal properties and will help:

  • lower blood sugar
  • eliminate joint pain
  • improve blood circulation,
  • lower stomach acidity.
  • Characteristics and properties of Jerusalem artichoke

    The official name for the earthen pear in botany is "Tuberous sunflower". The plant belongs to the family of asters, represents the genus of sunflowers. The ground part is represented by a bright yellow inflorescence, very similar to ordinary sunflower. The edible part is the root crop, in appearance it is very similar to ginger tubers. It tastes like a cross between a Chinese pear and potatoes. The plant is perennial, unpretentious, propagated by dividing the rhizome (tubers). In total in nature there are about three hundred species of this plant.

    Cardiovascular system and joints

    Chinese potato acts well on the heart and blood vessels. Fruits gently lower blood pressure, strengthen the heart, support water-salt metabolism, and prevent the deposition of salts.

    • Its use is recommended for patients with arthritis, arthrosis, osteoporosis, osteochondrosis.
    • It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of Jerusalem artichoke in diabetes.

    Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

    What is so interested in the earth pear of modern man? The taste of the root crop is quite ordinary. To say that it is worth admiring the taste qualities of Jerusalem artichoke is unlikely to succeed. It tastes a bit sweet raw potato. But the useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke literally delight!

    This root crop has a whole list of useful properties:

    • has a positive effect on digestion,
    • restores and improves the function of endocrine glands,
    • promotes weight correction for obesity problems and uncontrolled weight gain,
    • increases the resistance of the immune system,
    • stabilizes the hematopoiesis system, improves blood circulation,
    • improves the condition of tissues, strengthens the walls of blood vessels,
    • strengthens the joints.

    Here is a far from complete list of the advantages of this very simple-looking and taste plant. It is worth noting that, among other things, the root crop is widely used in cooking and does not belong at all to a number of plants for which recipes for preparing only medical supplies can be found.

    The chemical composition of earthen pear

    Earth pear in its nutritional properties is considered more valuable than potatoes and beets. Plant juice, stems, leaves, root vegetables of the Jerusalem artichoke are used to treat various diseases. Jerusalem artichoke has many healing properties, which are due to the special chemical composition of this plant. Earth pear contains the following useful substances, trace elements:

    The antioxidant properties of tuberiferous sunflower are due to the presence of succinic, raspberry, malic, fumaric acid in it.

  • Jerusalem artichoke contains about 8% silicon. A small amount of Jerusalem artichoke is able to satisfy a person's daily need for this substance.
  • Potassium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, zinc - these elements are rich in earth pear.
  • Jerusalem artichoke contains a large amount of vitamins B and C. There are more of these substances in earthen pear than in beets, carrots, potatoes 3 times.
  • Jerusalem artichoke contains pectins that cleanse the body, positively affect the intestines and prevent the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood.
  • Tuberous sunflower contains up to 15-22% of inulin, which makes it a unique natural medicine for lowering blood glucose levels.This plant is widely used in the manufacture of food for diabetics.
  • The tubers of the plant contain a lot of protein, which is 3.2% of the total mass of the root crop.
  • When to dig out?

    Jerusalem artichoke tubers are dug up between the months of November and December, that is, after the first frosts, while leaves, flowers, and plant stems are harvested in mid-summer. But the aerial part of the plant can also be cut with light frosts (that is, just before the snow), but not all at once: for example, by winter it is necessary to leave a small part of the trunk, which will provide nutrients to the tubers. In general, digging up tubers in the spring is preferable to collecting raw materials in the fall due to the complete preservation of vitamins in the first case. Thus, the timing of the collection of raw materials depends solely on the preferences and capabilities of the gardener.

    Rhizomes of Jerusalem artichoke are not subject to long-term storage. At the same time, the concentration of sugars in tubers increases in proportion to the increase in the shelf life of the root crop, since there is an outflow of nutrients from both the stems and leaves.

    In general, it is recommended to dig Jerusalem artichoke as needed, since it is better preserved in the ground (tubers of this root crop can transfer frost to minus 40 degrees).

    If we talk about storage in the cellar, then Jerusalem artichoke after a month of such storage begins to wither or rot. To increase the storage time, the tubers are sprinkled with moist soil or sand.

    Strengthening the immune system, cleansing the body

    The sun root will perfectly help to maintain and restore immunity, it will be an excellent ally in the fight against colds.

    Vegetable perfectly removes heavy metal salts, toxins, toxins from the body. They are used for the prevention of cancer, Alzheimer's disease.

    For children, the benefits of Jerusalem artichoke juice are invaluable. Such a drink increases appetite and hemoglobin level.

    What is useful Jerusalem artichoke for the human body

    Before moving on to talking about the direct benefits of Jerusalem artichoke for the human body, you should dig a bit inside this plant and sort through the shelves, which substances justify the benefits of using an earthen pear for food and for medicinal use. In order to find out, consider the chemical composition of a plant product.

    The root vitamins contain the following vitamins and acids:

    • PP - 1.3 mg
    • Beta Carotene - 0.012 mg
    • Folic acid - up to 18.8 mg,
    • E - 0.15 mg
    • Thiamine (Vitamin B1) - 0.07 mg,
    • Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) - 0.23 mg,
    • Vitamin A - 2mkg,
    • Vitamin C - 6 mcg.
    • The nutritional value of Jerusalem artichoke is expressed in the following indicators per 100 grams of product:
    • Calories - 62 Kcal,
    • Proteins - 2.2 g
    • Fats - 0.05 g
    • Carbohydrates - 13 g,

    Considering the chemical composition of the root crop with an unprofessional look, it is still easy to understand that it is a product of plant origin moderately filled with carbohydrates, saturated with vitamins, valuable dietary fiber, and organic acids. There are virtually no fats in Jerusalem artichoke, but there is a sufficient proportion of vegetable protein. The presence of starch indicates that the product gives satiety. Low calorie indicates that this root crop is not able to destabilize body weight balance, but, on the contrary, favors smooth weight loss with regular use.

    The healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke for humans

    The rich composition of Jerusalem artichoke makes this plant an excellent cure for various diseases. Moreover, root crops, juice, stems, leaves of the plant have medicinal properties. Regular preventative eating of an earthen pear will help prevent and heal many diseases. Doctors have long noticed that the use of the root of this plant helps prevent heart attack, stroke, stabilize blood pressure and even improve vision.

    How to dry?

    Immediately before drying the Jerusalem artichoke tubers (namely this part of the plant is most often used in medicine), the raw materials should be carefully sorted out, taking only healthy samples that have no damage or rot. After selection, the tubers are washed several times in running water, cleaned of secondary roots and peels. Then they are cut into circles and laid out on an open surface.

    Important! Neither the roots of the plant nor the aerial parts are dried in direct sunlight.

    Jerusalem artichoke is dried for four to five days.

    If the drying of the raw materials is carried out in the oven, it is recommended that a preliminary ten-minute blanching of the tubers in slightly salted water is added to which baking soda is added (8 g of baking soda is used per liter of water). After this procedure, Jerusalem artichoke is cut and dried in the oven, the temperature in which should be 50 - 60 degrees, for three hours.

    Important! When drying in the oven, the raw materials must be mixed to dry evenly.

    Beauty

    1. Silicon helps the absorption of calcium, so tuberous sunflower helps strengthen bones, teeth, nails, improves the hair structure, makes them stronger and healthier.
    2. Eating Jerusalem artichoke fruits will help to cope with shallow wrinkles, relieve skin inflammation, and prevent the appearance of acne.

    Decoctions from the stems and leaves of the plant are used to repair damaged cells and treat wounds.

    They also increase the elasticity of the skin and can be used as natural tonics or lotions.

    The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke syrup will be appreciated by adherents of wholesome food and girls on a diet.

    Fatigue and stress

    The product will be an excellent tool to reduce physical fatigue, increase performance and endurance. It will help relieve stress and normalize the nervous system, is a soft sleeping pill.

    In addition to therapeutic use, the product has found its place in cooking. Numerous salads, toppings for pies, jams diversify the table of experienced housewives in inclement autumn and cold winters. Shredded fruits are added to baking, so it is less stale.

    Digestive system

    Due to the impressive amount of dietary fiber, an earthen pear has a beneficial effect on the digestive tract. A proper acid balance helps to reduce the acidity of gastric secretion. This root crop has a positive effect on the pancreas, stabilizing its work and softening the overall load on this organ, as well as on the liver.

    Endocrine system

    The benefits of earthen pears in diabetes mellitus (type 2) are due to a slight sugar-lowering effect, which is provided by a slowdown in the absorption of carbohydrates in the blood. This is facilitated by the saturation of the fetus with fiber and dietary fiber. The presence of natural inulin helps to saturate the cells of the human body with energy, while preventing excessive glucose overload. Everyone knows that with diabetes, blood vessels suffer. One of the proven properties of Jerusalem artichoke is the strengthening of vascular walls.

    About the benefits and dangers of Jerusalem artichoke tubers for the human body

    Tall, Jerusalem artichoke plants visible from afar are hard to miss on a summer cottage. Not only are the tubers of this crop inferior to potatoes in nutritional properties, the benefits of Jerusalem artichoke and the harm from ill-conceived use of the product have long and well been studied.

    A native American species in the homeland was cultivated several thousand years ago by tribes of local residents. Jerusalem artichoke provided the necessary food, durable fiber for mats and clothes. Today, the value of the plant has been preserved. Juicy, sweet, starchy tubers weighing from 20 to 100 grams are perfectly stored and can serve as a full-fledged food product from autumn to the next harvest.

    The useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke are not limited to the ability to prepare delicious culinary dishes.One of the main cultural benefits is the incredible healing power of tubers.

    The composition and useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

    How useful is Jerusalem artichoke? What substances does traditional and official medicine pay close attention to?

    Fresh tubers are a source of ascorbic acid, vitamins B1, B2, B6, A and PP. Jerusalem artichoke is rightfully considered the leader among root crops and tubers in the content of an element that is extremely important for humans - iron.

    Regular consumption of tubers helps to fill the need for potassium and calcium, phosphorus and sodium, magnesium and silicon.

    All these micro and macro elements are contained in large enough quantities, which determines the active effect of the product on human well-being.

    Therefore, the useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke or earthen pear, as gardeners and adherents of a healthy lifestyle often call the plant, are in demand with a deficiency of certain elements in the body:

    1. A systematic potassium deficiency, for example, can lead to the development of neuralgia.
    2. Deprived of calcium, teeth and bones begin to break down.
    3. Magnesium is indispensable for the work and development of the heart muscle, maintaining active nervous activity.
    4. Sodium is responsible for metabolic processes, and its deficiency leads to impaired digestion and the genitourinary sphere, to seizures and other negative consequences.
    5. Manganese, affecting growth, the function of blood formation, the activity of the sex glands.
    6. A lack of iron leads to changes in the quality of blood and to a deterioration in its supply of oxygen.
    7. The intake of silicon prevents the development of atherosclerosis and other ailments associated with metabolic processes.

    In addition, fiber, which has antioxidant properties of pectins, proteins, organic acids, sugars, and valuable amino acids, enters the body with tubers and dishes from them.

    Passing through the digestive tract, fiber, like a brush, cleanses the intestinal wall, taking with it not only toxins, but also excess cholesterol harmful to the body. As a result of regular use of tubers, the risk of developing atherosclerosis is reduced, the process of defecation is being established.

    Due to the ability of Jerusalem artichoke to have a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora, we can talk about the effectiveness of the healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke with dysbiosis, dyspepsia and other digestive disorders.

    Dishes from tubers can be included in the diet to prevent exacerbations of gastritis and pancreatitis.

    Jerusalem artichoke not only helps harmful substances to leave the body in time, it suppresses the vital activity of such types of microflora as staphylococci, salmonella and enterococci.

    A kind of “star” in Jerusalem artichoke is inulin, a plant substance that is very close to insulin in its properties. The presence of a compound whose content in dry matter reaches 20% determines the active use of Jerusalem artichoke in diabetes, but the interest of doctors is not limited to inulin.

    The long list of amino acids present in tubers deserves close attention. Among them, more than a dozen bioactive compounds that affect:

    • on the processes of aging and metabolism,
    • on the mental state,
    • muscle tone
    • on the state of immunity
    • on the rate of tissue regeneration.

    Dishes and medicines from Jerusalem artichoke: recipes, benefits and harms

    Jerusalem artichoke is eaten raw, boiled, fried and baked. Based on the tubers are prepared:

    • diet puree soups
    • original side dishes for delicious dishes of poultry and vegetables,
    • toppings for pies,
    • crisps.

    Jerusalem artichoke flour, similar to potato starch, is added to bakery products, and for patients with diabetes, recipes for Jerusalem artichoke recipes are a real find, allowing you to significantly diversify the menu even before, and at the same time, safe confectionery.

    With the enormous benefits of Jerusalem artichoke, there is practically no harm from its inclusion in the diet.If the tubers have undergone heat treatment, especially baking and boiling, in moderation they will be extremely useful. Jerusalem artichoke is recommended to be included in the diet menu:

    • with gout
    • with anemia,
    • with gastritis with high acidity,
    • with pancreatitis,
    • with atherosclerosis,
    • with hypertension
    • with the formation of stones in the kidneys and bladder,
    • with excess weight and obesity.

    For the treatment of the above diseases, it is advised to take a decoction of root crops, which is also effective against urolithiasis and heartburn.

    There are recipes for the preparation of Jerusalem artichoke, with benefit and without harm, helping to cope with external skin problems. Masks and lotions based on crushed tubers relieve irritation, soothe skin after burns, prolonged sun exposure or eczema.

    Natural organic acids in combination with mineral salts and starch help to cope with the manifestations of acne, increase skin tone, whiten and dry. Baths with a decoction of Jerusalem artichoke leaves relieve the condition with gout, arthritis and osteochondrosis.

    Women Health

    The root crop contains enough folic acid and vitamin E. These substances have a beneficial effect on the female reproductive system. Wanting to conceive, endure without the difficulties of a child, it is worthwhile to highlight a special place in your diet for foods with a high content of folic acid and vitamin E. It turns out that Jerusalem artichoke is useful for creating a favorable health background in the female body.

    Contraindications to the use of Jerusalem artichoke

    In order not to accidentally harm your health, you need to decide on the use of Jerusalem artichoke for the treatment of a disease only after consulting a doctor. The physician will be able to accurately assess the risks based on the diagnosed acute and chronic diseases and the appropriateness of such therapy.

    Healthy nutritionists and gastroenterologists do not recommend the abuse of raw tubers. It is especially important to remember this with gastritis with low acidity and sluggish digestion. Tubers boiled, baked or added to soup or stew will perfectly satisfy your hunger and safely replenish the body with everything that amazing Jerusalem artichoke is rich in.

    Male power

    It is proved that trace elements contained in earthen pear have a beneficial effect on the male genitourinary system. Firstly, the root crop is useful for restoring and maintaining potency. Secondly, it is believed that this product is good as a preventative measure for the development of prostate adenoma and other diseases of the male reproductive system.

    Jerusalem artichoke for the human body: benefits and harms, healing properties

    Jerusalem artichoke is still a rare plant in Russian vegetable gardens. Many vegetable growers are not in a hurry to plant it, giving their preference to potatoes. But such an attitude to this vegetable is undeserved, because it is very useful and even shows medicinal qualities. Learn about such a wonderful plant as Jerusalem artichoke, about its benefits and harms to the body, as well as its healing properties.

    Anti aging

    Earth pear has a pronounced antioxidant property. So, eating root crops, you can prevent the rapid development of cell wilting processes and other destructive transformations. Using Jerusalem artichoke in your menu, you can improve the quality of skin, nails, hair due to saturation with useful substances that preserve youthful tissues.

    Carbohydrates and Jerusalem artichoke

    Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for humans. Without carbohydrates, the normal metabolic process is impossible, and, therefore, the proper functioning of all body systems.

    Carbohydrates of plant origin contained in Jerusalem artichoke normalize the concentration of sugar in the blood, strengthen immunity, prevent the deposition of fat in the liver cells, thereby eliminating the development of fatty degeneration of the liver,entailing a violation of all the functions of this body.

    Carbohydrate deficiency can lead to metabolic disorders associated with the accelerated formation of ketones (for example, acetone), an excessive amount of which can cause brain tissue poisoning.

    Jerusalem artichoke is rich in carbohydrates: for example, 77 percent of the root crop consists of inulin carbohydrate, which, after prolonged storage, is converted to fructose.

    Jerusalem artichoke: contraindications

    It is important to note that, in addition to benefit, in rare cases, an earthen pear can harm the body. But this is only when contraindications have been ignored. So, eating this root vegetable is contraindicated:

    • Allergies in case of individual intolerance to the components that saturate the fetus,
    • Hypotonic: the root crop has a pronounced hypotensive ability,
    • People suffering from type 1 diabetes mellitus without proper correction of blood glucose using insulin preparations can not eat Jerusalem artichoke as food, as the fruit contains sucrose and starch.

    If you have any chronic diseases that require a special diet, you should consult with a specialist regarding the possibility of including Jerusalem artichoke in your diet.

    Jerusalem artichoke and inulin

    Inulin is 95 percent composed of natural fructose, which (unlike glucose), firstly, penetrates cells without any involvement of insulin, and secondly, replaces glucose in metabolic processes that occur in the human body. Therefore, Jerusalem artichoke and preparations based on it are indicated for people suffering from diabetes.

    Inulin, which belongs to the group of prebiotics and is contained in large quantities in Jerusalem artichoke, acts on the body as follows:
    1. Improves glucose utilization, thereby contributing to the synthesis of glycogen, protein, "good" cholesterol, bile acids.
    2. It restores the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract by neutralizing the harmful effects of toxic substances and toxins in the intestines, as well as in the blood.
    3. It restores the functional activity of insulin, that is, it brings closer to normal the state of absolutely all types of metabolism, including fat.
    4. Normalizes blood sugar.
    5. Improves the process of calcium absorption by bone tissue. So, taking Jerusalem artichoke not only stimulates bone growth, but also prevents (or stops) the symptoms of bone diseases.
    6. Favorably affects the immune system. Jerusalem artichoke in particular, and inulin-containing additives based on this plant as a whole, are rightly considered natural immunomodulators, analogues of which do not exist. Inulin helps to increase the population of beneficial intestinal microflora (we are talking about bifidobacteria and lactobacilli), which prevents the multiplication of various pathogenic microorganisms directly in the intestine. And this, in turn, helps lower blood cholesterol.
    7. It improves the processes of bile formation and bile secretion, thereby reducing the risk of developing liver and bile diseases.
    8. It reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, as it prevents the formation of blood clots, lowers blood pressure and reduces the concentration of bad cholesterol in the blood. In addition, the inulin contained in Jerusalem artichoke improves the absorption of magnesium, which affects the activity of about 300 enzymes that are "responsible" for regulating the functioning of the cardiovascular system.

    It is proved that inulin-containing plants, including Jerusalem artichoke, have a hepatoprotective effect, therefore, they are recommended for patients with viral hepatitis B and C occurring in the chronic stage.

    What can be cooked from Jerusalem artichoke

    I immediately want to say that the root crop is tasty in its raw form without the addition of any ingredients that complement and enhance the taste! Those. you can dig an earthen pear, peel it, cut into convenient slices and just eat it.This is generally the best option for eating root vegetables. But this is not the only option! Let's consider how and with what Jerusalem artichoke is eaten.

    Ground Pear Juice

    To obtain tasty and healing juice, you need to take several tubers, peel them, grate and squeeze through a gauze layer.

    Jerusalem artichoke tubers salad

    Taking 1-2 medium-sized tubers, you need to peel them. Then the pulp should be grated on a medium grater or chopped with a small bar. An excellent “company” of fresh pulp of earthen pear will be any fragrant greens. You can spice up a combination with a drop of gentle lime or lemon juice.

    You can get a tasty combination if you take a little fresh carrots, 1-2 cucumbers, 1 tuber of earthen pear. All components should be cleaned, cut into cubes. Fresh composition of parsley, cilantro and dill will help to decorate the composition. For piquancy, you can supplement the composition with a drop of olive oil.

    Jerusalem artichoke smoothies

    You can prepare a healing and very pleasant to taste smoothie from Jerusalem artichoke and cucumber. Both components should be peeled and diced. Next, you need to put all the components in a blender and knead to the desired consistency. A spicy note will give a sprig of mint and a drop of fresh lemon juice. Also, this root crop can be combined with pulp of melon, pineapple for making dessert refreshing smoothie.

    Here it is, a tasty and healthy root crop, presented to us by the North American continent. Do not discard it, even if at first glance the fetus seems inconspicuous. In fact, not everyone can immediately grasp its rich taste and appreciate its true strength. But, having tried it several times, a rare person will subsequently forget about this wonderful ingredient. But in fairness it is worth saying that there are absolute fans of Jerusalem artichoke. These are people who do not in the least doubt that the earthen pear is tasty, healthy and right for maintaining a healthy tone in the body!

    Nutritional value and calorie content

    Raw tubers of earthen pear taste like a turnip or stalk of cabbage, but they have a distinctive aftertaste and smell. The chemical composition of Jerusalem artichoke contains:

    • proteins - 2 g,
    • carbohydrates - 17.4 g (including inulin),
    • fats - 0.1 g
    • water - 78 g
    • organic acids - 0.1 g,
    • fiber - 1.6 g.

    • retinol (A) and carotene (1 μg and 0.012 mg),
    • thiamine (B1) and riboflavin (B2) (2 mg and 0.06 mg),
    • choline (B4) and pantothenic acid (B5) (30 mg and 0.4 mg),
    • pyridoxine (B6) and folates (B9) (0.08 mg and 13 μg),
    • ascorbic acid (C) and tocopherol (E) (4 mg and 0.2 mg),
    • nicotinic acid (PP) and phylloquinone (K) (1.3 mg and 0.1 μg).

    Macro- and microelements in Jerusalem artichoke are also there. These are potassium and phosphorus (429 mg and 78 mg), magnesium and calcium (17 mg and 14 mg), sodium, iron (4 mg and 3.4 mg), zinc and manganese (0.12 mg and 0.06 mg) , copper and selenium (140 and 0.7 mcg).

    The nutritional value of the vegetable lies in easily digestible proteins and carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, Jerusalem artichoke fiber, which, once in the intestine, improves its work. The calorie content of the earthen pear, like all vegetables, is low - only 73 kcal. Therefore, even full people are allowed to eat her tubers, not to mention those who have normal weight.

    Jerusalem artichoke fiber

    Jerusalem artichoke tubers contain coarse insoluble fiber, which is one of the most important elements of human nutrition.

    Fiber performs the following functions in the body:

    • cleanses the intestines from various harmful substances, thereby normalizing its work,
    • lowers blood sugar
    • relieves constipation
    • prevents the formation of gallstones,
    • reduces the risk of developing diseases such as dysbiosis, colitis, enteritis, gastritis, atherosclerosis, obesity, diabetes, hemorrhoids,
    • normalizes weight
    • boosts immunity.

    Today there is a pharmacy version of a food supplement on sale called Jerusalem artichoke fiber, which is indicated for the prevention of a number of cardiovascular and oncological diseases. In addition, this food supplement is recommended as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and digestive system diseases.

    Contraindications to the use of the drug are:

    Jerusalem artichoke pectin

    A substance called pectin was obtained precisely from the root crop of Jerusalem artichoke.

    Pectin Properties:

    • absorbent
    • complexing,
    • astringent
    • hepatoprotective
    • anti-inflammatory
    • wound healing
    • choleretic
    • hemostatic.

    Pectin action:
    • adsorption of toxins, salts of heavy metals and toxins with their subsequent removal from the body,
    • improvement of intestinal motility,
    • elimination of constipation
    • maintaining a normal balance of beneficial intestinal microflora,
    • decrease in the accumulation of atherosclerotic plaques directly on the walls of the cardiac arteries,
    • metabolism normalization
    • lower cholesterol
    • neutralization of the harmful effects of certain drugs on the body,
    • acceleration of wound healing.

    Pectins, which contain a large amount of Jerusalem artichoke tubers, normalize the balance of beneficial intestinal microflora, due to which this plant is used as a rather effective adjuvant in the treatment of dysbiosis. In addition, pectins, increasing the resistance of the digestive organs to viral as well as bacterial etiology, prevent various parasites from entering the digestive tract.

    For men

    The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke tubers for the male half of humanity are obvious. Zinc, which is part of this vegetable, plays an important role in maintaining the health of the genitourinary system. He takes part in the production of sperm, increasing their activity and vitality, increases potency, prevents prostate diseases.

    Potassium, which is a lot in Jerusalem artichoke, regulates water, acid and electrolyte balance, normalizes pressure and processes of nerve impulses, improves heart function, and normalizes its rhythm.

    Therefore, an earthen pear is useful for men with hypertension, tachycardia, atherosclerosis of blood vessels, coronary heart disease.

    For the introduction of the daily norm of the macroelement of potassium into the body, it is enough to eat 300 g of tubers per day.

    Thiamine is part of the enzymes of energy and carbohydrate metabolism, so the use of Jerusalem artichoke will be useful to those men who live actively, work physically, play sports.

    Deficiency of vitamin B1 leads to disturbances in the functioning of the nervous tissue, heart and blood vessels, and the digestive tract.

    Jerusalem artichoke tubers will be useful to those who are engaged in mental work, as they stimulate mental activity.

    Vitamins and Jerusalem artichoke

    Jerusalem artichoke tubers are an excellent source of vitamins A, C, as well as B vitamins (for example, Jerusalem artichoke is almost 4 times higher than beets, carrots, and potatoes in the amount of these vitamins).

    Vitamin C It has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, vasoconstrictive and antispasmodic effects. This vitamin is involved in the synthesis of collagen, which is a protein of connective tissue, which is the structural basis of the skin, nails, hair, bones, and blood vessels.

    Vitamin C action:

    • reduction of uric acid directly in the blood serum,
    • increased capillary permeability,
    • strengthening immunity
    • stimulating the production of adrenal hormones,
    • elimination of harmful compounds leading to the development of malignant neoplasms in the digestive tract.

    B vitamins participate in all types of exchanges, thereby regulating the functions of the digestive, nervous, muscular, and cardiovascular systems.

    The action of B vitamins:

    • participation in providing energy to muscles, the brain, as well as the peripheral nervous system,
    • decrease in mental and physical fatigue,
    • participation in tissue respiration,
    • eye condition improvement
    • activization of the pancreas and liver,
    • increased immune reactivity of the body,
    • participation in the synthesis of hemoglobin and the production of sex hormones,
    • improving the condition of the skin, hair, nails.

    Vitamin A provides:
    • maintaining growth processes and cell differentiation,
    • normal growth and full development of internal organs,
    • increasing local and general resistance, due to which it is part of vitamin complexes designed to strengthen immunity and prevent colds,
    • strengthening all membrane structures of cells,
    • normal functioning of the skin, as well as the mucous membranes.

    Vitamin Details

    For women

    Root crops of an earthen pear will be useful to women. Their regular eating will help women avoid cancer, especially breast and uterine tumors, problems with the genitourinary organs, and obesity.

    Iron, which is part of the tubers and leaves of Jerusalem artichoke, prevents anemia, muscle atony, myocardiopathy, increased fatigue, and ensures the normal course of recovery and oxidation reactions in the body.

    To the useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke, you can add improved vision, maintaining teeth, skin, nails and hair in excellent condition, increasing mental stability in stressful situations, normalizing mood, treating endocrine and skin diseases.

    The vegetable will be useful to women suffering from hypertension, vegetovascular dystonia with tachycardia, and other pathologies of the heart and blood vessels.

    It will help to avoid or eliminate edema in diseases of the kidneys and heart, salt deposits, it can improve the condition of gout, rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune diseases and metabolic diseases.

    Gruel from tubers is used to prepare masks that rejuvenate and brighten the skin of the face and body, and from the roots to treat acne, eczema, vitiligo.

    For children

    Jerusalem artichoke tubers are also useful to children, especially in autumn and winter as a good source of vitamins.

    They are rich in high-grade protein, which is necessary for the growing body of children as a building material for tissue cells and organs.

    Children and adolescents who eat an earthen pear are less likely to get colds, they have a good appetite, and at the same time there are no digestive problems.

    In children who suffer from gastritis and colitis, Jerusalem artichoke relieves inflammation of the gastric mucosa, promotes early healing and restoration of the mucosa, normalizes the acidity of its juice, eliminates heartburn and flatulence.

    With dysbiosis, the vegetable suppresses the growth of pathological intestinal microflora, promotes beneficial reproduction, enhances intestinal motility, eliminating constipation, and prevents slags from accumulating on their walls. With low hemoglobin, dishes from it will help restore the level of this important protein and prevent the development of anemia.

    Jerusalem artichoke, as it is believed, does not accumulate nitrates, pesticides and other harmful agrochemical substances in itself, therefore it can be eaten even by the smallest children.

    Benefit

    • Removal of toxins. The body will be completely cleansed if 100 g of fresh Jerusalem artichoke is taken daily for three months.
    • Strengthening the heart and blood vessels. So, Jerusalem artichoke is an effective analogue of a pharmacy potassium-magnesium complex called Panangin. At the same time, Jerusalem artichoke is absolutely safe, which can not be said about many modern medicines.
    • Normalization of blood pressure.
    • Normalization of intestinal microflora, which is especially useful for dysbiosis.
    • Protection of the liver from pathogenic influences. Jerusalem artichoke preparations are indicated in the treatment of cirrhosis, hepatitis, viral, alcoholic, toxic and autoimmune etiology.
    • Normalization of blood sugar (Jerusalem artichoke syrup is considered to be the best alternative to regular sugar).
    • Removing foci of inflammation localized in the digestive tract.
    • Regeneration of the skin.
    • Neutralization of the harmful effects of antibiotics (but it is important to start taking Jerusalem artichoke before taking antibiotics).
    • Lower cholesterol.
    • Reducing blood viscosity and improving its fluidity due to a decrease in plasma concentration of fibrinogen.
    • Prevention of thrombosis.
    • Contributing to the absorption of selenium, which is responsible for the state of the myocardium.

    Jerusalem artichoke is an absolutely safe plant that can harm the body only if there is an individual intolerance.

    Important! Both the benefits and harms of an earthen pear are still being studied by scientists. But one thing can be said with absolute certainty - Jerusalem artichoke is only useful when it is part of a balanced diet.

    Jerusalem artichoke with weight loss

    Earthen pear is a low-calorie product, therefore it is very useful for weight loss. If you eat fresh or heat-treated tubers as often as possible, you can hope that the weight will return to normal. And to lose weight at any time of the year, and not just in spring and autumn, when fresh tubers are available, you can use dried Jerusalem artichoke, the effect of which is no worse.

    Can I eat during pregnancy and breastfeeding?

    Jerusalem artichoke has no contraindications for use during the period of bearing a child and breastfeeding. Expectant mothers can use it in any quantities in a fresh or processed form.

    During pregnancy, an earthen pear will be useful as a vitamin product and a mild natural laxative. Jerusalem artichoke has the ability to stimulate the immune system, increases resistance to infections and diseases.

    Beneficial effect on the body of the mother and child.

    • improves intestinal function and restores its microflora,
    • reduces hunger
    • eliminates heartburn
    • increases hemoglobin in the blood,
    • normalizes metabolic processes.

    Medicines from Jerusalem artichoke in the absence of contraindications can be used at any stage of pregnancy, however, only after consulting a doctor. It will help you choose the best dosage for your medication.

    When breastfeeding, it is recommended to use boiled rather than raw root crops. Jerusalem artichoke is introduced into the baby’s nutrition from 8 months old along with other products, from 3 years old it can be given as an independent dish.

    Jerusalem artichoke in medicine

    Jerusalem artichoke is a harmless, and most importantly effective, cocktail consisting of carbohydrates, organic and fatty acids, proteins, a complex of vitamins and amino acids.

    Jerusalem artichoke is used not only in folk, but also in official medicine for:

    • relieving severe physical, mental and emotional stress,
    • increase health
    • prevention and treatment of infectious diseases in the acute and chronic stage,
    • neutralize the harm of microwave radiation, exposure to radionuclides, heavy metals, toxins,
    • prevention of the development of malignant neoplasms,
    • increase hemoglobin,
    • normalization of acidity of gastric juice,
    • inhibition of salt deposits in the joints,
    • relieving edema of cardiac and renal origin,
    • strengthening the intestinal motor function,
    • increase the body's immunity to many infectious as well as inflammatory diseases,
    • relieve symptoms of intoxication (eliminates vomiting, nausea, bitter taste in the mouth, pain in the abdomen).

    The healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke and instructions for its use

    Earth pear is well known in medicine. Due to its unique healing properties, Jerusalem artichoke is successfully used in the treatment of a number of diseases and for prophylactic purposes. Preparations based on it are prepared not only from tubers, but also from leaves and inflorescences of plants. Fresh or dried raw materials are taken as the starting material. With proper harvesting, it does not lose its value.

    Jerusalem artichoke is useful to people with any type of diabetes because of the inulin and fiber contained in it.

    In the insulin-dependent form of the disease, the polysaccharide performs the substitution function of glucose, thus reducing blood sugar, but at the same time fully provides the cells with the energy they need.

    It stimulates the synthesis of a larger amount of the hormone by the pancreas, and helps to remove toxic substances from the body. Inulin in high concentration is contained in Jerusalem artichoke powder produced by the industry.

    Long-term use of Jerusalem artichoke also prevents the development of complications of diabetes such as damage to the lower extremities, blindness, and nephropathy. With type 2 disease, Jerusalem artichoke has a restorative, stabilizing and regulatory effect. Is he:

    • normalizes metabolic processes,
    • normalizes weight
    • tidying up the hormonal background,
    • supports the liver, pancreas,
    • establishes the work of the digestive tract,
    • improves health and tone.

    It was also established that Jerusalem artichoke preparations can significantly reduce insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.

    To normalize blood sugar:

    • eat 1 root vegetable or drink 0.5 cups of Jerusalem artichoke juice for 0.5 hours before meals 3 times a day,
    • prepare an infusion of 1 liter of boiling water and 4 tbsp. l cut into small pieces of tubers, insist 3 hours, use as a substitute for tea, sugar is not added.

    With diabetes, you can use not only fresh tubers, but also Jerusalem artichoke syrup. It is a vegetable juice concentrated by evaporation, which shows the properties of an excellent sweetener.

    It does not contain artificial sucrose, but has a sweet taste, so it can be added to drinks and desserts instead of sugar. For the treatment and prevention of morbidity, syrup can be drunk 1 tbsp. l

    For the same purpose, you can use tea from Jerusalem artichoke. It is very simple to prepare it - you need to take:

    • 1.5 tbsp. l crushed tubers to a pulp state, put them in a thermos and pour 0.3 l of boiling water on top. Use 3 times a day for 0.5 hours before meals, 0.1 l.,
    • 1 tsp earthen pear powder, pour a glass of boiling water. Drink tea 2 times a day.
    • 1 tbsp. l dry leaves pour 0.5 tbsp. water brought to a boil. Drink 3 times during the day at 0.1 liters.

    Jerusalem artichoke tea is a good adjuvant in the treatment of anemia, atherosclerosis, nervous diseases, salt deposits, urolithiasis.

    Harm and contraindications

    Earth pear is a healthy plant. In most cases, it can be eaten without harm to the body and strict dosing.

    Fresh root crops can exacerbate the phenomenon of gas formation in people prone to flatulence. But Jerusalem artichoke after heat treatment no longer has these properties.

    If you use a boiled product or add spices such as cumin and coriander to your dishes, there will be no problems.

    Contraindications to the use of Jerusalem artichoke and medicines from it are:

    • individual intolerance to the product,
    • hypotension.

    For preventive and recreational purposes, it is enough to consume 50-100 g of raw Jerusalem artichoke tubers 3 times a day before meals for a month.

    Reviews

    Here's how gardeners who grow it on their beds speak of Jerusalem artichoke.

    Before I met the earthen pear, I had chronic illnesses that were difficult to treat. After I started eating Jerusalem artichoke for food, they gradually began to recede and now I feel much better. I am very glad that I managed to find a simple and affordable remedy that can be grown on our own beds. I grow TimofeiTopinambur as an excellent vegetable crop, practically requiring no care, fruitful and extremely useful, because in addition to food, it is also of medicinal value. I try to eat it as often as possible, but, unfortunately, it is not stored for long, so you have to dry the tubers, but this is not a problem. Sergey Very useful Jerusalem artichoke in late autumn or early spring, when there is no fresh greenery and there is a deficiency of vitamins. I prepare salads for children from it, because I know that tubers are very useful.Thanks to earthen pear, my whole family has been in good health for many years. I advise you to plant this home healer on your own site. Alexandra Topinambur, familiar to many under the name earthen pear, is a garden culture that will be useful to almost every person. It has many advantages, and the disadvantages are insignificant, so this plant can be recommended for those who are responsible for their health and want to keep it longer, but for those who have their own land - grow it for themselves and their family.

    Jerusalem artichoke: benefits and harms. Medicinal properties and contraindications of earthen pear

    Recently, many products have appeared, the use of which allows providing the body with all necessary elements and normalizing the work of various systems with minimal material and time costs.

    We will talk about one of these dietary products - the benefits and harms of earthen pears and about when and how to eat Jerusalem artichoke.

    Jerusalem artichoke: medicinal properties and contraindications

    This is a plant from the genus sunflower. Its tubers are usually consumed. They come in different colors from yellowish, brown, red. They usually ripen in just 125 days - one season, and after the first frosts they can usually already be used as food.

    The plant is extremely unpretentious: it is not afraid of pests, humidity or poor lighting. Its roots can overwinter directly in the soil, without losing their useful qualities. But after digging up the tubers are poorly stored, so some gardeners harvest in autumn and spring. Another feature of them is that they do not accumulate in themselves elements harmful to the body.

    In our country, two varieties of earthen pears are usually grown, although there are more than 300 of them. Both varieties are quite similar in composition and are used in the same recipes.

    They are healthier than potatoes, and can replace it in the diet. And in nutrition, they are twice as valuable as fodder beet varieties.

    And the amount of ascorbic acid and B vitamins is almost four times higher than carrots or beets.

    Jerusalem artichoke contains the following substances:

    • Soluble fiber is pectin. It helps to restore a healthy bacterial balance, which led to its use in the treatment of dysbiosis. Increases the resistance of the digestive tract to viruses and pathogenic bacteria. Promotes the elimination of toxins, carcinogens, heavy metals, etc. from the body.
    • Proteins and fats of plant origin. Fatty acids regulate metabolism. And proteins are needed for the synthesis of insulin, increase resistance to viruses and infections, normalize hormonal balance, and normalize hemoglobin levels.

    • Organic acids. They interfere with salt deposits in the joints, increase the secretion of bile and the secretion of the salivary glands, and also improves intestinal motility, which positively affects the digestion process.
    • Essential amino acids. They affect aging and all types of metabolic processes, the state of the nervous system and general mental attitude, immunity and speed of regeneration.
    • Inulin. It neutralizes the effects of toxic substances, normalizes metabolism. Regulates the level of glucose in the blood, reduces the amount of "bad" cholesterol and promotes the synthesis of glycogen, restores healthy microflora, and increases immunity. This polymer of fructose prevents the formation of blood clots, improves the condition of the cardiovascular system. Helps the absorption of calcium and magnesium. It has a positive effect on the immune system.
    • Vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C, PP. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects, help strengthen blood vessels, reduce the likelihood of spasms, and regulate the regeneration process. Stimulate the production of hormones. These vitamins help the absorption of many minerals.They are needed for the healthy flow of metabolic processes of all kinds, normalizing the work of the muscular, nervous, circulatory and digestive systems. They support the growth and differentiation of cells, strengthen membrane structures.
    • Minerals: phosphorus, silicon, fluorine, potassium, chromium and others. They help normalize the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular, excretory and nervous systems, help regulate metabolic processes, restore healthy microcirculation of fluid in the body, strengthen bones, participate in hematopoiesis and much more. Although the root crop does not contain selenium, the substances contained in it help the absorption of this mineral.

    Jerusalem artichoke: useful properties of earthen pear

    • Cleans toxins. A large amount of insulin and soluble fiber helps to remove toxins, carcinogens, radionuclides, salts of heavy metals. In order to bring the concentration indicators of various metals in the body to normal, it is enough to take 100 g of earthen pear daily for three months.
    • Strengthens the walls of blood vessels, normalizes the functioning of the heart and circulatory system. Jerusalem artichoke can be replaced by many pharmacy magnesium-potassium complexes. But unlike them, it has practically no contraindications and positively affects the functioning of other body systems. It lowers blood pressure, lowers blood cholesterol and reduces the likelihood of developing atherosclerosis. Eating the roots of this plant as food improves the rheological properties of blood, increases its fluidity, due to which this root crop is used to prevent hypertension, tachycardia, ischemia, as well as to reduce the risk of stroke or heart attack.
    • Helps restore healthy microflora, improves digestion. Regular consumption of tubers of this plant creates conditions for the restoration of a population of beneficial bacteria in the intestine, which allows the use of Jerusalem artichoke for the treatment of dysbiosis. It is used in the treatment of diseases of the digestive system: gastritis, pancreatitis colitis, intestinal disorders and many others. Regular use of root crops eliminates stomach cramps and normalizes stool. To reduce the acidity of the stomach, you can use the juice of this root crop.
    • Protects the liver. Earthen pear and preparations based on it are recommended in the treatment of liver cirrhosis and hepatitis of various origins.
    • It is used for diabetes. This product is useful for diabetes. It does not contain sugar at all, and sweetness is given using fructose. Due to this, the energy hunger of the cells is easily saturated without the use of insulin. Soluble fiber contained in the root crop reduces sugar digestibility and lowers blood glucose. Jerusalem artichoke syrup is considered one of the best alternatives to sugar.
    • It has a diuretic effect. Having a positive effect on the urinary system, this product reduces swelling of the renal and cardiac origin. It will also be useful to people with urolithiasis.
    • It is used to treat joints. It contains a lot of silicon, which helps the absorption of calcium and is involved in the formation of cartilage and connective tissue.
    • Helps strengthen immunity. The composition, rich in various nutrients, can improve the body's resistance to viruses and infections and has a good effect on the general condition of the body. It is used as a dietary supplement for people who have had a serious illness or are recovering from an injury. It is useful for children in the autumn-spring period. It is recommended for women during pregnancy, as this Jerusalem artichoke gives vitamins, minerals, and organic and essential acids required for the normal functioning of the body and the carrying of a healthy baby.
    • Used for weight loss. It is a low-calorie product containing only 61 kcal per 100 g.At the same time, it contains a lot of fiber and inulin, which reduce the feeling of hunger and saturate the body for a long time, establish healthy work of the digestive tract, and activate fat burning.
    • It is used in cosmetology. Masks with this root crop relieve irritation and have an anti-inflammatory effect, smooth out small wrinkles.

    What is useful Jerusalem artichoke and how to use an earthen pear

    This root crop is used for the prevention and treatment of various diseases in the acute and chronic stages, such as:

    • Gastrointestinal diseases: pancreatitis, stomach ulcer, duodenitis, heartburn, intestinal colic.
    • Urinary system pathologies: cystitis, pyelonephritis.
    • Diseases of the heart and blood vessels: heart attack, ischemia, hypertension, thrombophlebitis.

    It will be useful to increase efficiency, neutralize the harm of various microwave radiation, improve intestinal motility and many other cases.

    • The roots of this plant contain the maximum amount of useful elements in which inulin, fiber, vitamins and amino acids accumulate, which reduce vascular tone, increase hemoglobin, help with urolithiasis and cleanse the body of toxins.
    • Earthen pear leaves have 6% pectin, which makes them useful in case of diseases of the digestive system, gout, anemia, problems with the urinary and nervous system. They can also be used for weight loss.
    • The flowers of this plant reduce the symptoms of intoxication, help with pains and intestinal colic, relieve headache, heartburn, and reduce pressure.
    • Seeds are not used in medicine.

    Decoction

    A decoction lowers blood pressure and concentration of sugar in the blood, increases hemoglobin, and also has a beneficial effect on the pancreas.

    3 tbsp dry Jerusalem artichoke roots pour 1.5 liters of water and put on low heat for an hour. The broth is drunk hot or cold and without added sugar, 500 ml per day three times a week.

    How to cook Jerusalem artichoke at home

    Tubers are consumed raw, baked, stewed and fried: separately, as a side dish, added to salads and vegetable mixtures. The properties of the earthen pear are preserved during the heat treatment, regardless of how it was prepared, it will remain an indispensable source of various elements.

    How to use Jerusalem artichoke with diabetes

    In diabetes, dietitians recommend using earthen pear dishes instead of potatoes. Such a solution will allow you to gradually reduce weight, lower blood glucose, while reducing the number of drugs taken in an appropriate direction (diabetes, etc.

    n.) and retaining a wonderful mood. This plant is useful even for insulin-dependent type 1 diabetes, although it is difficult to treat with diet. But the inulin contained in this root crop reduces the absorption of glucose, which will keep the sugar level at a low level.

    Here are some ways to use this product:

    • If the state of the digestive system allows, eat 150-200 g of raw root 15 minutes before each meal. After a few days, a change in state should appear in a positive direction.
    • To prepare boiled Jerusalem artichoke, peeled roots are poured with hot water, acidified with vinegar. Then they are cooked until cooked. Sour cream or any vegetable oil is added to the dish to taste.
    • Cut the root into thin slices and fry a little in a pan. Shortly before being ready to remove from the stove and put on a baking sheet. Top with beaten egg. Then put sour cream with herbs or cover with cheese. Bake in a preheated oven for no more than 15 minutes.
    • You can make drinks from an earthen pear. To do this, chop the root crop very finely and pour a glass of boiling water for several minutes. Remove from water and dry. Fry without oil. Grind the resulting raw materials using a coffee grinder and mortar. Then it is used instead of coffee.Such a replacement will be useful to both diabetics and healthy people as a prevention of gastrointestinal diseases.

    You can cook yourself, or you can buy ready-made products containing this root crop. Di & Di Corporation offers a large selection of earthen pear products. Among them you will find amaranth bran with the addition of this product, breakfast pads, various sweets, jams and syrups.

    Tincture

    Jerusalem artichoke tincture is an excellent hepatoprotector that protects liver cells from the negative effects of toxins. Tincture helps remove toxins and toxins from the body. The use of tincture of Jerusalem artichoke prevents the development of cholecystitis and reduces gas formation.

    500 g of dried leaves are poured with a liter of alcohol or vodka, after which the tincture is infused in a cool, and always darkened place, for 15 days. Tincture is used in one tablespoon (the product is diluted in 150 ml of liquid) three times a day.

    Salads

    Take a few medium-sized roots, wash and finely chop. Peel and finely chop 4 chicken eggs. Mix, add canned corn, and add herbs and spices to taste.

    For this salad you need 4–5 medium tubers of earthen pear. Wash them thoroughly, and grate on a fine grater along with the peel. Take 4 cloves of garlic, peel and chop finely or chop with a garlic squeezer. Mix the ingredients with salt and season with mayonnaise.

    Boil 0.5 kg of tubers in hot water for 15 minutes. Rinse dried apricots and prunes and dip in boiling water for 5–7 minutes. Cool the finished components and grind. In prunes, you need to remove the seeds. Then mix all the ingredients and season them with sour cream.

    Grate 2-3 medium-sized tubers, mix with grated apple or carrots. Add any greens to taste and pour in a dressing of lemon juice.

    For 500 g of fresh tubers of earthen pear, take 200 g of fresh cucumber and carrots and 50 g of onions. Peel carrots, cucumbers and onions. Finely chop all vegetables (onions can be cut into rings). Stir the ingredients and season them with sour cream.

    Syrup

    Jerusalem artichoke syrup for patients with diabetes mellitus replaces sugar. In addition, such a syrup reduces the need for diabetes for insulin preparations, since it stabilizes (namely lowers) the blood sugar level.

    Jerusalem artichoke syrup, which is an immunostimulating product, is recommended for:

    • increase health
    • gain vitality,
    • restoration of gastrointestinal tract functions,
    • eliminate manifestations of dysbiosis.

    The syrup has no side effects and can be used simultaneously with other types of therapy in both children and adults.

    Casserole

    Beat two eggs and 1 tbsp in one bowl. l milk. Grate a few medium sized tubers and dry in a frying pan with olive oil, then pour Jerusalem artichoke with whipped mass and mix. Add salt, greens, seasonings to taste. Bake in the oven at 180 degrees for 30 minutes. Pull out, garnish with greens. Serve hot.

    Jerusalem artichoke juice

    Earthen pear juice reduces the acidity of the stomach, eliminates constipation and intoxication, normalizes the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, relieves heartburn. In addition, the juice of this plant is used in the treatment of ulcers, headaches, polyarthritis, lung diseases. It is recommended to drink such juice in spring and autumn (it is at this time that the existing chronic diseases worsen and immunity is weakened).

    To prepare the juice, fresh tubers are thoroughly washed and passed through a meat grinder (you can grate the tubers). The resulting puree is squeezed and filtered through a double layer of gauze. Juice is taken for two weeks at 150 ml per day, before meals.

    Important! Juice is stored in the refrigerator for no more than 12 hours.

    Jerusalem artichoke in tablets

    This form of Jerusalem artichoke preparations is indicated in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis.Pills are also taken to prevent the development of neoplasms, to strengthen immunity, increase efficiency, improve bowel function, and also to restore the natural microflora.

    It is recommended to take 4 tablets daily before eating, for 20 days. In general, two to three courses of treatment are carried out, between which a two-week break is made.

    Extract

    Earthen pear extract is indicated for diseases of the liver, as well as the gall bladder, because it contains an active substance called cynarin, which is an antioxidant that binds free radicals.

    The effect of Jerusalem artichoke extract:

    • acceleration of excretion of excess fluid, as well as salts,
    • protection of liver cells from exposure to toxins,
    • removal of slags and salts of heavy metals,
    • promoting the production of bile,
    • promoting the digestion of proteins and fats,
    • decrease in gas formation in the intestines,
    • activization of the intestines,
    • fight against excess weight.

    Jerusalem artichoke kvass

    Kvass in its medicinal properties is in no way inferior to Jerusalem artichoke juice.

    To prepare kvass, Jerusalem artichoke tubers are thoroughly washed and cut into cubes, after which they are poured into glass containers (the container is filled with raw materials three quarters) and filled with cold boiled water. Then kvass is put for fermentation in a warm place. To speed up the fermentation process, it is recommended to add a small amount of yeast to the container (10 g of yeast per five liters of kvass). After three days, the kvass is filtered, separated from the sediment and consumed one glass a day.

    Where grows

    The plant is very unpretentious, does not require any maintenance. The habitat is ubiquitous. Not afraid of pests. Weed plants are not afraid of him. It prefers rich soils and high light, but can grow on poor acidic soils, in partial shade.

    Cultivated in Europe, Asia Minor and Southeast Asia, Africa. In the wild can be found in North America.

    Jerusalem artichoke baths

    Baths, the main component of which is Jerusalem artichoke, are indicated in the treatment of skin diseases, burns, fractures, joint pain and long-term healing wounds.

    To prepare the bath, 2 kg of leaves and stems of the plant are taken, which are cut, folded into a 5-liter pan and filled with water. The resulting mixture is boiled for 20 minutes, after which the broth is slightly infused, filtered and poured into the bath, diluted with water to a temperature of about 32 degrees. Such a bath is taken for 15 minutes.

    Dried Jerusalem artichoke

    Dried Jerusalem artichoke (plant tubers) is used with milk, tea, and coffee (if desired, dried slices of root vegetables can be added to compote). In addition, browned slices of root vegetables can be grinded in a coffee grinder or crushed in a mortar, and then used to brew a fortified drink, which in its taste characteristics resembles a chicory drink.

    For medicinal purposes, not only tubers are used, but the leaves and flowers of the plant, which are dried in a ventilated room, reliably protected from the sun. Dried leaves are used to make medicinal infusions and teas.

    Frozen Jerusalem artichoke

    Jerusalem artichoke is sorted, washed, peeled, cut into cubes, the size of which is 10 * 10 * 10 mm. Next, the root crop blanches for ten minutes at a temperature of 95-100 degrees. After this procedure, Jerusalem artichoke is cooled and frozen to a temperature of minus 18 degrees.

    Frozen Jerusalem artichoke does not lose its medicinal properties and can be used as an independent product, or as a semi-finished product that is part of frozen vegetable mixtures.

    How to collect

    Jerusalem artichoke stalks begin to cut in the second half of September and until the frosts.When collecting, leave 20-25 centimeters of the ground part, due to this, the tubers remaining in the ground are fed.

    Dig up tubers in spring. If you did this in the fall, then store them in the cellar at a temperature of 0 C to + 2 C. Fold the tubers in a wooden box, pouring each layer of sand. The storage method for Jerusalem artichoke is similar to the storage of all root crops.

    Tubers can also be stored in the refrigerator. To do this, rinse them well and cut into small slices. Dry in a shady, well-ventilated area. The shelf life of tubers is 1 year.

    How to apply

    For medicinal purposes, Jerusalem artichoke roots are used. From Jerusalem artichoke tubers, powder, decoctions, infusions and syrups are prepared. From the leaves and tubers of the plant, you can cook a lot of delicious and low-calorie dishes.

    When choosing Jerusalem artichoke in a store or in the market, pay attention to the peel of the root crop. It should not be any damage and wrinkles.

    In fresh and boiled form, use Jerusalem artichoke as an independent dish or as part of salads. It goes well with tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, radishes, various herbs, pears and quinces.

    Jerusalem artichoke is boiled, fried, stewed, steamed, canned, fermented, dried, pickled. In dried form, the root crop is used in baking.

    It is added to cutlets, pancakes, soups, cream soups, side dishes, casseroles, juices.

    In this case, Jerusalem artichoke after heat treatment maximally preserves the useful substances that make up its composition.

    With diabetes

    Jerusalem artichoke is included in the diet of patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. There are several ways to use Jerusalem artichoke for this disease.

    Jerusalem artichoke can be consumed raw, boiled, baked or pickled. Fresh tubers are still considered the most useful. They can be eaten simply with slices or added to vegetable salads.

    To the taste of bulb tubers, some resemble radishes, turnips or asparagus. They have a slightly spicy taste, so adding salt and seasonings is not necessary. Nutritionists advise diabetics to completely abandon potatoes and replace it with Jerusalem artichoke. It contains significantly fewer calories, due to this weight is reduced, which is very important for diabetes.

    Consider a recipe for Jerusalem artichoke tubers juice, which will be useful for patients with diabetes.

    Ingredients:

    How to cook: Rinse the tubers well under running water, dry a little. Pass them through a meat grinder and squeeze the juice from the resulting meal using gauze.

    How to use: Take 100 ml of juice 15 minutes before a meal. The duration of treatment is 30 days. Juice should be used throughout the day. The next day he is no longer fit.

    Result: Metabolism normalizes. Stabilizes blood sugar.

    You can also make alcoholic infusion from Jerusalem artichoke. For this you need fresh leaves of the plant. Instead of alcohol, you can use vodka. Choose good quality alcohol, beware of the surrogate.

    Ingredients:

    • Jerusalem artichoke (leaves) - 0.5 kg.
    • Vodka - 1 l.

    How to cook: Pour the leaves with vodka and put in a dark place for 2 weeks. Then strain.

    How to use: Take 2 tablespoons of tincture 3 times a day before meals. The infusion can be diluted with water. The duration of treatment is 14 days.

    Result: Lowers blood sugar. Strengthens the cardiovascular system.

    Coffee and tea from Jerusalem artichoke roots are also suitable for diabetics. Since diabetes implies strict food restrictions, you can diversify your menu with Jerusalem artichoke dishes. Make a tuber salad, casserole or soup.

    For weight loss

    100 grams of Jerusalem artichoke contain only 70 Kcal. Due to the low calorie content, nutritionists recommend including it in the diet when losing weight.

    For weight loss, you can use freshly squeezed juice from Jerusalem artichoke tubers. In the morning and evening, drink 50 ml of the drink for 2 weeks. If necessary, repeat the course after 14 days.

    Let's consider how to cook stew with Jerusalem artichoke based on Jerusalem artichoke. The dish is low-calorie, while diversifying the diet of a person.

    You will need:

    • fresh Jerusalem artichoke tubers - 250 grams,
    • lentils - 100 grams,
    • bell pepper - 100 grams,
    • champignons - 8 pcs.,
    • onion - 1 pc.,
    • garlic - 2 prongs,
    • bay leaf - 1 pc.,
    • salt to taste
    • sunflower oil - 50 ml,
    • water - 400 ml.

    How to cook:

    • Cut Jerusalem artichoke into small cubes and fry for 5 minutes in a pan.
    • Add the chopped garlic, onion, mushrooms, and pepper to the lightly fried tubers. Stew for another 10 minutes.
    • Pour the vegetables with water, add pre-soaked lentils, bring to a boil and leave for half an hour over low heat.
    • Before turning off the fire, add bay leaf, salt.
    • Calorie content:
    • Calorie content per 100 g of product is 358 Kcal.
    • The dish can be served as a side dish to low-fat fish or boiled chicken breast or used as an independent dish.

    Of course, not everyone will notice the results of eating Jerusalem artichoke right away. Here you need to take into account the individual characteristics of the body of each person.

    We also want to remind you that any diet food aimed at weight loss must be accompanied by physical activity, sports.

    Pay attention to your daily diet, eliminate the “wrong” food, drink plenty of clean water (at least 1.5–2 liters) and give up bad habits.

    Other uses

    Jerusalem artichoke is also used in cosmetology. On its basis, you can prepare a mask that effectively smoothes wrinkles on the face.

    Ingredients:

    How to cook: Peel and wash the root well. Rub it on a fine grater. Lay a thin layer on gauze, top with another layer of gauze.

    How to use: Put on face. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. After removing the mask, wash in cool water and apply a nourishing cream. It is recommended that such masks be applied to the face 2-3 times a week.

    Result: The skin becomes firmer and smoother. Wrinkles are smoothed out.

    Is Jerusalem artichoke possible during pregnancy and lactation?

    Gynecologists advise expectant mothers to include this vegetable in their normal diet. Pregnant women often suffer from constipation, and Jerusalem artichoke has a mild laxative effect. This is especially true in late pregnancy.

    Calcium, which is contained in the tubers of drumol, strengthens the bone and dental system of the mother and the unborn baby, has a beneficial effect on the structure of the hair.

    Amino acids contribute to the formation of muscle tissue in a child. Therefore, Jerusalem artichoke is recommended to be used not only during pregnancy, but also during breastfeeding.

    Jerusalem artichoke has immunostimulating and anti-inflammatory properties, which has a beneficial effect on the body of the mother and baby. When breastfeeding, it protects the woman and the baby from infections.

    Is it possible to give Jerusalem artichoke to children

    This vegetable is suitable for both adults and children. Jerusalem artichoke has the following effects on the child's body:

    • improves digestion,
    • eliminates intestinal dysbiosis,
    • normalizes blood counts,
    • strengthens the immune system
    • increases the body's resistance to infections.

    Hematologists recommend the inclusion of a drum in the diet of children who have low hemoglobin. When treating this disease, more often than not, properly adjusted nutrition can bring the level of red bodies to normal much faster.

    Pickled Jerusalem artichoke

    Washed and thoroughly peeled tubers are cut into thin slices and placed in glass, enameled or wooden dishes, after which they are poured with salted water (for example, 2 tablespoons of salt goes to a liter of water). Covered Jerusalem artichoke is left to roam in a warm place. At the end of the fermentation, pickled Jerusalem artichoke, which can be added to various salads, is stored in a cold place.

    As you can see, Jerusalem artichoke is not only healthy, but also a delicious root vegetable, from which you can cook many varied, original and tasty dishes.

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