Stinging nettle properties

Everyone knows that medicinal plants effectively help in the treatment and prevention of many serious diseases. Among the huge list of plants we can distinguish nettle, which has a number of useful and healing properties for our body.

Nettle was used in ancient times as a general strengthening, wound healing, laxative, diuretic, expectorant, vitamin and anticonvulsant. Folk medicine recommends nettle for the treatment of bronchial asthma, tuberculosis, hemorrhoids, various bronchitis, heart diseases, cholelithiasis and kidney stones, liver and biliary tract diseases, it is effectively used for constipation, suffocation, swelling, allergies. Nettle is also used as an external remedy for bleeding, open wounds, skin diseases, as well as for strengthening and hair growth.

Nettle is a natural storehouse of valuable vitamins: ascorbic and formic acid, carotene, vitamins A, K, E, B, trace elements (copper, calcium, magnesium, silicon, iron, etc.). Nettle leaves contain organic acids, flavanoids, glycosides, tannins, volatile, tannins, chlorophyll and many other valuable substances. It is with this composition of elements that the general strengthening and therapeutic properties of this remarkable plant are explained.

Nettle helps to strengthen immunity, increase the body's resistance to various bacteria and toxins, increase the body's protective properties against oxygen deficiency. The use of nettle improves the course of all energy processes, stimulates carbohydrate and protein metabolism, so it is often recommended for chronic diseases, when there is a significant decrease in body resistance. Nettle helps restore the functions of vital organs and normalize the functioning of the whole organism.

Nettle gained the greatest popularity as a hemostatic agent for various types of bleeding (intestinal, uterine, pulmonary, renal, etc.). Nettle is often used as a prophylaxis for hypovitaminosis and vitamin deficiency, atherosclerosis, and anemia. Nettle is also an excellent antiseptic.

Chlorophyll contained in the nettle leaves tonic on the body and gives a stimulating effect, as a result of which the tone of the intestine, uterus, respiratory and cardiovascular system is significantly increased, metabolism improves. In addition, chlorophyll affects the granulation and epithelization of affected tissues, which reflects the wound healing effect of nettle.

Nettle also contains secretin, thanks to which the body actively forms insulin, which in turn reduces the amount of sugar in the blood, so nettle is very useful for people who suffer from diabetes.

Nettle is not only known for its properties in treatment, it is also used in nutrition for the preparation of green soups and various salads. It is necessary to collect leaves and nettle flowers during the flowering period, and the roots, as a rule, in late autumn. Nettles need to be dried in dark places, so that they are well ventilated.

Infusions and decoctions of nettles.
To strengthen and grow hair. To 100 g of chopped nettle leaves add 0.5 l of table vinegar and 0.5 l of water, put on fire for half an hour, then cool and strain. The resulting infusion is recommended to rub, and also wash their hair before bedtime without using shampoo.

From hair loss and dandruff. Mix 20 g of nettle leaves, 30 g of coltsfoot leaves and as many calamus rhizomes.Then take six tablespoons of the resulting mixture, add a liter of boiling water, put on low heat and boil for ten minutes, after which remove the broth, wrap and let it brew, strain and cool. Such a decoction to use for washing your hair.

Nettle infusion will help with increased sebum secretion, hair loss and dandruff. To prepare it, you need to take one tablespoon of chopped dry nettle leaves and pour a glass of boiling water, close the lid and insist for about an hour and a half. Then strain the infusion. After each shampooing, the hair needs to be slightly dried and rubbed into them, including the scalp obtained infusion. Do not wipe hair after this procedure. This procedure is recommended to be done once a week for two to three months.

To restore metabolism in anemia, as well as in the form of a vitamin remedy, this nettle infusion helps: take two tablespoons of chopped leaves, roots or nettle flowers, brew 200 ml of boiling water and leave for infusion for 15 minutes, after which strain it through gauze . It should be taken on an empty stomach 1-2 glasses three times a day.

With weakened blood coagulation, the following recipe is recommended: two tablespoons of nettle (leaves) pour 200 ml of boiling water, put on low heat for ten minutes, then remove from heat, cool and strain through cheesecloth. Drink one tablespoon 4-5 times a day.

In cases of bleeding, the following infusion will help: two tablespoons of nettle leaves pour 400 ml of boiling water, let it brew for an hour, then cool and strain. Take infusion of 100 ml twice a day.

With chronic cough. Finely chopped nettle roots are boiled thoroughly in sugar syrup. It is recommended to use one tablespoon 3-4 times a day. Or you can use an infusion of nettle flowers, take a tablespoon of flowers, pour a glass of boiling water, insist, strain. Consume in the form of tea.

Ointment for affected skin.
Dry and well-ground nettle leaves mixed with annual pepper grass and petroleum jelly, taken in equal proportions. The resulting ointment is applied to the affected areas of the skin twice a day.

Nettle infusion for compresses and washes.
Take two tablespoons of the crushed plant (all parts) add a glass of boiling water, insist for twenty-five minutes. Then strain. During the scarring period, it is recommended to wash fistulous passages with freshly squeezed juice from nettle leaves.

Nettle in the form of an anesthetic.
Take the same amount of buckthorn bark and nettle leaves and mix well. Then pour 8 g of the mixture into a liter of boiling water, put on low heat and heat for ten minutes. After this, remove the mixture from the heat, insist for half an hour and strain. In cases of severe pain, take 200 g 3-4 times a day.

Infused nettle leaves are often used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the gallbladder, various parts of the gastrointestinal tract, and liver. The infusion is prepared 1:10.

For rinsing the oral cavity, an infusion of nettle leaves is effective, which is prepared from two tablespoons of chopped dry leaves, filled with half a glass of boiling water. Insist ten minutes and filter. Apply in a warm form.

With articular rheumatism, muscle rheumatism, gout.
Brew one tablespoon of dry leaves with 200 ml of boiling water, close the lid and wrap with a towel, insist for an hour, then strain. To use the resulting infusion should be a tablespoon half an hour before meals 3-4 times a day.

In acute gastritis.
We take in equal proportions the leaves of nettle, plantain, St. John's wort grass, chamomile flowers, and mix. 4 tablespoons of the resulting mixture pour a liter of boiling water, insist in a warm place for two hours. Take a decoction of 200 ml to one and a half liters per day. The course of treatment is designed for 7-10 days.

With constipation.
Take one part of the nettle and yarrow flowers, three parts of buckthorn bark, mix everything. Then take one tablespoon of the mixture and pour it with a glass of boiling water, put on fire for one minute, then insist and strain for half an hour. Take 1/2 - 1 glass at night for two weeks.

To improve the condition of the whole organism.
Take a bottle with a thick neck, place 200 g of dry leaves of May nettle there, add half a liter of vodka. Tie a bottle of gauze and leave for 24 hours on the window, and then remove for a week in a dark place. After the specified time, strain and squeeze the infusion. Eat a teaspoon half an hour before meals and a teaspoon at night before bedtime. The course of treatment is one bottle.

Nettle broth to increase lactation.
Take in equal proportions nettle leaves, dill fruits, sweet clover grass, anise fruits. Two tablespoons of the resulting mixture should be filled with 400 ml glasses of water, put on fire and bring to a boil, after which the broth should be cooled and filtered. Use half a glass twice a day one hour after eating.

With excessive menstruation and various bleeding.
Freshly squeezed juice from nettle leaves should be taken one teaspoon in 1/4 cup of water per day twenty minutes before a meal. As a prophylaxis of uterine bleeding, nettle extract in liquid form (sold in a pharmacy) is taken 30-40 drops half an hour before a meal.

With hemorrhoids.
We make a mixture of one part of nettle leaves, two parts of oregano and two parts of buckthorn bark. Then a tablespoon of the resulting mixture is brewed with 300 ml of boiling water, put on fire and boil for five minutes. Then remove the broth, put in a warm place for insisting for four hours. Use the broth in a warm form 15 minutes before eating half a glass three times a day.

With erosion of the cervix.
A cotton swab dipped in freshly squeezed juice from nettle leaves is inserted into the vagina; the course of treatment is designed for 15 procedures.

To enhance sexual desire and potency, crushed nettle seeds (5 tbsp. L.) Are mixed with grape wine (500 ml of port wine), put on fire and boiled for 5 minutes. Use a decoction before meals, 0.3 cup 3 times a day for sexual weakness. Before use, add a teaspoon of honey to the broth.

Nettle helps well with radiculitis and rheumatism: sore spots should be rubbed with fresh grass.

When acne, boils, itching, rash appear on the skin, as well as with a small amount of urine, constipation, such a nettle-based remedy is recommended: take in equal proportions the leaves of nettle, dandelion, budra, calendula and chamomile flowers. For a day, you need to prepare the product from two tablespoons of the resulting dry mixture. It should be filled with 400 ml of boiling water and steamed in the oven for 2-3 hours. Drinking such an infusion is recommended daily for two weeks, while at this time you should eat exclusively dairy food, no meat, eggs, fish, in addition, alcohol and alcohol are prohibited.

Side effect and contraindications.
Since nettle can enhance uterine contractions, it is impossible to take it during pregnancy. Nettle is also contraindicated in cases of increased blood coagulation, edema and fluid stagnation in acute and renal failure, and the presence of hypertension. Nettle should not be taken for bleeding caused by a cyst, polyps and other tumors of the uterus and its appendages. With caution, nettle suffers from kidney disease. The use of nettle is not recommended for people prone to thrombosis, having heart problems, as well as in the presence of atherosclerosis.

Botanical Description

Stinging nettle is a perennial herb with a strong root and a long horizontal branched rhizome. It reaches a height of 60-200 cm (under ideal climatic conditions and with a high density of plants at the place of growth).The whole plant is densely covered with burning hairs.

The elongated escape. The stem is hollow, grassy in consistency, straight or ascending in position in space. The surface is covered with simple and burning hairs. Cross section ribbed (tetrahedral). The cross arrangement is opposite. At the beginning of the growing season, the stem is simple, and in the second half of summer, axillary shoots usually develop.

The leaves are opposite, equilateral, long-leaved, simple, whole, dark green in color. The shape of the leaf blade is oblong ovate-cordate or ovate-lanceolate, less often elliptical - the length of the leaf exceeds the width by no more than two times: 8-17 cm long, 2-8 cm wide. Leaf bases are deep-hearted (recess depth up to 5 mm) . The tip is pointed, drawn. The edge is coarse or coarse. Leaf venation palmate. Stipules stem, free, oblong or narrow triangular, up to 4 mm wide. Leaf blades with pronounced point cystolites formed from drusen-bearing idioblasts. The leaves are covered with hard, burning, capitate and simple hairs, but there are known forms without burning and with relatively few simple hairs (located in this case mainly along the veins) and plants with bare leaf blades.

Dioecious plant. Inflorescences are axillary, abracteose, dichasia or thyrsoid, paniculate, same-sex, with a branching axis. Inflorescences are longer than petioles of leaves, without wrapper. Varicose inflorescences drooping after flowering. The first (lowest) inflorescences are formed at the level of the 7th - 14th node. Inflorescences are often formed on axillary shoots. The axis of the inflorescences is with numerous simple hairs.

Flowers same-sex small, greenish, actinomorphic, four-dimensional, with a flat receptacle. Perianth is simple, cup-shaped, with numerous simple hairs. The perianth of the stamen flowers is spherical, dissected into four identical segments, four stamens, of the urticoid type (with bent strings in buds and sharply straightened during flowering), located opposite the tepals. Androecium is equivalent, free, there is a rudimentary ovary.

Pestle flowers with a free perianth of four leaves: two dorsal (internal) leaves after flowering grow and reach the size of the fruit, but are almost flat, not swollen, two lateral (external) - almost unchanged. Staminodynia are absent. Ovary superior, single-rooted, stigma sessile. Gynoecium is pseudo-monomer with complete reduction of the second ovary. Ovary is orthotropic, basally or subbasally attached.
Flower formula: ∗ P (4) A 4 G 0 < displaystyle ast P _ <(4)> , A_ <4> , G_ <0>> and ∗ P (4) A 0 G (2 _) < displaystyle ast P _ <(4)> , , A_ <0> , G _ <(< underline <2>>) >>.

Fruits - dry, compressed, biconvex, single-seeded, yellowish or light brown, dull, ovoid or elliptical nuts 1-1.4 mm long. One plant produces up to 22,000 seeds.

It blooms from May to late autumn, the fruits ripen at the same time. Pollinated by the wind.

Description

Stinging nettle Perennial weed of the nettle family 70-150 cm high.

Rhizome long creeping branchy.

Nettle stems erect, tetrahedral, branching at the top.

The plant is covered with long, burning and short simple hairs that contain formic acid.

The leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate-lanceolate, coarse toothed, with free stipules 8-17 cm long, 2-8 cm wide. Covered with burning hairs. Each adult plant is armed with approximately ten million stinging hairs.

Flowers unisexual small, yellow-green, with a simple, four-parted perianth, collected in spike-shaped hanging inflorescences, ears, coming out of the axils of the leaves.

The fruit is a small ovoid or elliptical nutlet of a yellowish-gray color.

It blooms in June-September, the seeds ripen in September.

The healing properties of nettle are due to its rich chemical composition.Nettle is useful in the treatment of colds, diseases of the stomach and intestines, to stop bleeding

Nettle is a medicinal weed used to treat hemorrhoids, rheumatism, diseases of the stomach and respiratory organs. While healthy, gardeners and gardeners complain about nettles “they say it’s hard to get out”, but how the ailment twists, they immediately run after the nettle and tear with a margin.

Nettle has a lot of names among people: stinging, stinging, stinging, stinging, nettle big, etc. However, none of the names reflects the medicinal properties of nettles, which deserve more attention than the burning of leaves.

For medicinal purposes, grass is used, sometimes the roots and fruits of nettle.

Spread

Distributed throughout the European part of Russia, and Siberia.

Stinging nettle distributed throughout the country. In the Caucasus, in Central Asia.

It grows on fertile, moist soils, in shaded places, ravines, near roads, near farms and housing. In culture, the most promising nettle is dioecious.

Teberdinsky reserve. In weedy areas, areas of logging. Especially abundant on the sites of former livestock sites, 1300-2500 m above sea level. Everywhere.

What does dioica nettle look like?

Almost every person in our latitudes can easily distinguish nettles from any other plant by external signs. Stinging nettle looks as follows - below we consider in detail the description and characteristics.

  • Nettle root can deepen up to 60 cm in depth, but it grows horizontally in a radius of 1-1.5 meters. Due to such extensive growth, the plant can receive the nutrients and moisture necessary for growth from the soil without additional watering and fertilizing.
  • The stems of the plant are branched, can reach from 50 cm to 2-2.5 meters, if nettle grows in favorable conditions. In order for the plant to be higher, more nutritious soil is needed, as well as sufficient moisture.
  • Dioecious nettle leaves on long stalks, of different sizes. Simple, with serrated edges, and pronounced veins.
  • Nettle inflorescences do not represent a decorative value - they are paniculate, knotty ligaments of the smallest greenish flowers.
  • After the end of the flowering phase of these small flowers, fruits are set - single-seeded.
  • The main feature of the plant is that its entire terrestrial part is covered with tiny hairs and needles. For this reason, touching the nettle causes a sharp burning sensation, itching and an allergic reaction.

Nettle may differ externally, depending on the growing conditions, for example, be squat and not too branched. If the nettle grows in the shade, the lower part of its stem may be leafless.

Medicinal properties

Consider the medicinal properties and use of dioecious nettle. The beneficial properties of nettles have long been known.

The chemical composition of the nettle is very diverse, it contains formic acid, tannins, many vitamins (the largest number of vitamins K, E, A and C). It is deservedly considered a multivitamin plant.

Nevertheless, preparations from the rhizome of nettle are considered more healing than from its leaves.

The most common nettle species are Urtica urens, or stinging nettle, as well as Urtica angustifolia, or narrow-leaved nettle. In recipes of traditional medicine, the former is often used because of the higher content of formic acid.

From this nettle, a more intense essence is obtained. The same kind of nettle is considered the best for the treatment of rheumatic diseases.

Interesting information about the dioecious nettle

This herb, despite its stinging feature, is one of the best culinary plants. In traditional Russian cuisine, young nettle leaves are common ingredients in soups (cabbage soup, green borscht).

In the spring, it serves as an amazingly rich source of vitamins and minerals. In Caucasian cuisine, nettle found its application raw in salads, as a seasoning for meat dishes and the form of pickles.

The chemical percentage of dioica nettle includes: crude proteins about 23%, of which pure protein - 17%, fat - 3%, cellulose - 37%, non-nitrogen compounds - 23%, ash - 18%, starch - 10%, vitamin C - fifteen%. The remaining elements - glucose, salts of iron, potassium - about 1%.

In cattle breeding, nettles are used as feed for cows and pigs. It is believed that nettle leaves improve milk production in dairy cows, and also increase its quality, making it more greasy. As food for birds, nettles are also often used, harvested for the winter. The use of her chickens increases egg production.

From the time of ancient Greece and Rome, dioecious nettle was also used, the medicinal properties of which were already widely known. Legionnaires Julius Caesar practiced striking nettles in campaigns, as it has a powerful warming effect.

In collections of recipes of Ancient Russia, the plant is found as a tool for the treatment of wound infections.

In dermatology, a certain type of rash is called “urtica,” or “urticaria,” which is associated with the Latin name for nettle, Urtica. The mechanism of occurrence of this type of rash in skin diseases is identical to the mechanism of a nettle burn.

Composition and nutrients

100 grams of blanched * nettle contains:
The main substances:gMinerals:mgVitamins:mg
Water87,67Calcium481Vitamin C300
Squirrels2.71Potassium334Vitamin K0,5
Fats0,11Phosphorus71Vitamin B30,388
Carbohydrates7,49Magnesium57Vitamin B20,16
Alimentary fiber6,91Iron41Vitamin B60,103
Manganese8,2Vitamin A0,101
Calorie content42 kcalBoron4,3Vitamin B10,008
Sodium4
Titanium2,7
Copper1,3

* This is a short-term treatment of the plant with boiling water or steam in order to get rid of the stickiness.

Nettle also contains volatile, sulfur, phenolic acids and tannins. In small quantities in the plant were found: folic acid, choline (vitamin B4), beta-carotene, vitamin H, iodine and vitamin E.

In stalks and nettle leaves found essential oil, sirotinin, porphyrin, pantothenic and phenolcarboxylic acids, flavonoids, glisodurgicin, histamine.

Nettle hair filled with silicon, formic acid, and acetylcholine. Nettle seeds contain linoleic acid and vitamin C. In the roots nicotine alkaloid was found.

A large amount of vitamin C explains the strong preventive and strengthening effect of this plant on the human body.

Vitamin K relieves inflammation, improves blood coagulation. A large number of B vitamins helps fight some diseases of the nervous system (Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer's, neurosis, etc.).

Calcium and phosphorus have a beneficial effect on the condition of bones and teeth. Potassium and magnesium are actively involved in the full functioning of the cardiovascular system.

A sufficiently high content of iron in the nettle protects the body from iron deficiency anemia. Secretin promotes the formation of insulin, lowers blood sugar.

Nettle allows you to actively fight toxins and bacteria, as well as the effects of radiation and oxygen deficiency, thanks to organic acids, chlorophyll, and silicon.

Nettle Facts

Stinging nettle is a valuable food plant. In Russia, in spring, green cabbage soup is boiled from young leaves and shoots, they are added to borsch and soups, the dietary value of which is especially high in the spring, when the body's reserves of vitamins are depleted. In the Caucasus, young nettle leaves are eaten fresh in the form of a salad, mixed with other herbs, added to many dishes, salted for the future.

Nettle composition: crude protein 22.2%, pure protein 16.7%, fat 2.15%, fiber 35.6%, nitrogen-free extractive substances - 22.1%, ash - 17.8%, ascorbic acid - 12 / V 49 - 17 / V 72 mg%, 10% starch, about 1% sugars, many salts of iron and potassium.

Nettle can be used to feed livestock (especially pigs) and poultry. Steamed shoots increase the milk yield of cows and increase the fat content in milk. Young shoots of nettle in Russian villages were harvested for the future, for the winter (nettle pickle).It is believed that its fruits excite the sexual activity of animals, they are given to chickens to increase egg production.

Nettle has been used in medicine since ancient times. During the Gallic War, Caesar's legionnaires whipped themselves with nettles to warm themselves. In Russian herbalists, nettle has been mentioned since the 16th century as an effective means for healing wounds.

Extracts from nettle leaves are part of many drugs, including Allohol.

Nettle of all kinds is used in folk medicine as a hemostatic agent, as well as a remedy for female diseases. This is due to the fact that nettle regulates the female reproductive system. In this field, nettle successfully replaces ergot drugs and does not give side effects.

Nettle root preparations are more effective than leaf preparations. Photo: Dreaming Willow Natural Therapies

Nettle people treat not only bleeding: uterine, hemorrhoidal, pulmonary, renal, nasal, gastrointestinal, but also stomach diseases (dyspepsia) and intestines (diarrhea).

Nettle is an excellent diuretic and anti-inflammatory agent that helps with dropsy and scrofula.

Nettle is an effective expectorant for colds, fever, and malaria. Nettle also stops hemoptysis.

For malaria make a nettle tincture with garlic: mix 2 parts of nettle root with 1 part of garlic and pour 20 parts of vodka (1 tablespoon of nettle root and half a tablespoon of garlic per half liter of vodka), insist for days and drink 1 tablespoon 3 times a day (with the addition of water). The same tincture can rub the patient's body.

For treating boils use inside a decoction of nettle leaves or extract. If urination decreases during treatment and constipation occurs, then dandelion leaves and blackthorn flowers are added to the broth or extract in equal quantities, two tablespoons of this mixture are boiled in two glasses of boiling water, soaked in the oven for hours and drink half a glass 3 times a day.

From hemorrhoids they prepare a mixture of nettle leaves and buckthorn bark the year before last: take one and the other at 8 grams per liter of boiling water, keep it on fire for one glass 4 times a day. The broth relieves severe hemorrhoidal pain.

Nettle broth helps in the treatment of hemorrhoids

With dysentery and diseases of the stomach take an infusion of nettle with the addition of leaves and stalks of blackberries in equal amounts. Brew one teaspoon of the mixture in half a glass of boiling water: drink half a glass 3 times a day. If the brewed infusion is steamed in the oven, the effectiveness of the drug will increase.

Fresh nettle leaf juice can replace the decoction in all cases (the dose is equal to the dose of the extract or tincture).

Ways to use nettles:

  • Liquid extract: 30.0 or broth, condensed to half, extract - by broth - 1 teaspoon 3 times a day.
  • Fresh juice, replacing the extract, take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day.
  • Decoction of roots and fruits (from worms): tablespoons in one go.
  • A decoction of nettle leaves: 15.0-200.0, one tablespoon 3 times a day.

The use of dioica nettle for humans

Shiny strong hair, fair skin, a bright, full of energy look, strong nails - these are external effects, which have a beneficial effect on the nettle. The main magic happens inside the body.

Stinging nettle has a beneficial effect on blood quality and supports its functions, helps digestion, cleanses the body and skin, and also provides vitamins and minerals.

The plant has much more vitamins and minerals than many vegetables and does not require special conditions for growing and care.

Contains: magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, sulfur, iron, potassium, iodine, silicon, vitamins A, K, C, B2. It contains many valuable and rare substances in the diet: pantothenic acid, formic acid, glycolic acid, essential oils.

Not only healthy people can eat decoctions and dishes from nettle dioecious.It is a recognized, often indispensable, drug for diseases such as anemia, gout, arthritis, boils, other skin inflammations, and inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract.

What exactly is used and in what form?

Most often used for treatment nettle leafHarvested in May-June. Nettle is harvested when the moon is growing, when the plant has a special power. The cut branches of the plant are dried for 2-3 hours, then the leaves are torn off.

They are laid out in a well-ventilated room with a layer of 3 to 5 cm and dried. In the dryers, the leaves are dried at a temperature of 40-50 °. Shelf life of raw materials is 2 years.

Nettle roots Harvested from late autumn to early spring, flowers - in June-July, seeds - in the second half of August - September. For nettle juice, young leaves and nettle stalks are used before flowering.

Medical use

In modern medicine, dioica nettle is added to many medicines - “Allohol”, “Bronchophyt”, “Polyhemostat”.

In the treatment of bleeding, nettle preparations are used because of the high content of vitamin K - one of the best and natural hemostatic agents. It is used in the treatment of gynecological diseases - endometriosis, polymenorrhea. For many years, women have been using these properties of dioecious nettle in order to bring the end of menstruation closer.

In this case, it is superior to ergot, because it does not affect the hormonal background of the female body. Plant extract is also effective for pulmonary, gastrointestinal and nosebleeds complicated by hemorrhoids. It is believed that nettle roots contain more vitamin K and are more effective as a hemostatic agent.

The infusion of the leaves of the plant has a positive effect on digestive system disorders - diarrhea and dyspepsia. A pronounced diuretic effect has found application in the treatment of urolithiasis and inflammatory processes of the kidneys (pyelonephritis).

Nettle also has a sputum-thinning action. It is used as an antipyretic for colds, flu and even malaria.

In the case of three-day malaria, a nettle tincture is prepared by adding garlic to it: add grated or finely chopped garlic to its dried root in a 2: 1 ratio, add 20 parts of vodka (for 500 ml of vodka - 10 grams of nettle and 5 grams of garlic). Let it brew for about a week. Drink 10 ml three times a day during an attack of fever. You can rub the patient with the same tincture.

With rheumatic diseases, arthritis, radiculitis, the local irritant effect of the plant is used. The improvement is associated with vasodilation and increased blood flow at the site of application of the plant, as well as the release of a huge amount of biologically active substances.

For the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases (pustulosis, boils), you can use a nettle broth inside, as well as treat the affected areas with an extract using a cotton swab.

Nettle - healing properties

Stinging nettle - a remedy for rheumatism, gout, diseases of the gall bladder and liver, diseases with urinary retention, and also tea from nettle rhizomes with urinary retention with prostate adenoma at stages I and II, a folk remedy for hair loss and hair growth. The medicinal properties of herbs, leaves, and medicinal plants are widely used in traditional medicine recipes, as part of the drug, as a dietary supplement, is the Hista Block capsule.

Latin name: Urtica dioica.

English name: Nettle or Stinging nettle.

Family: Nettles - Urticaceae.

Popular names: burned, zhigalka, strakiva, strekava, dragonfly, zhigachka, stinger, dragonfly.

Pharmacy name: nettle grass - Urticae herba, nettle seeds - Urticae semen, nettle root - Urticae radix.

Dioecious nettle parts used: leaves and rhizomes.

Photo of leaves, herb of a medicinal plant. Stinging nettle.

Botanical Description: Stinging nettle - a perennial herb with a strong root and long horizontal branched rhizomes, reaches a height of 60-200 cm (under ideal climatic conditions and with a high density and height of plants at the place of growth). The whole plant is densely covered with burning hairs.

The elongated escape. The stalk is hollow of nettle, dioecious, grassy in consistency, straight or ascending in position in space. The surface is covered with simple and burning hairs. Cross section ribbed (tetrahedral). The cross arrangement is opposite. At the beginning of the growing season, the stem is simple, and in the second half of summer, axillary shoots usually develop.

The leaves are opposite, equilateral, long-leaved, simple, whole, dark green in color. The shape of the leaf blade is oblong ovoid-heart-shaped or ovoid-lanceolate, less often elliptical - the length of the leaf exceeds the width by no more than two times: 8-17 cm long, 2-8 cm wide. Leaf bases are deep-hearted (notch depth up to 5 mm). The tip is pointed, drawn. The edge is coarse or coarse. Leaf venation palmate. Stipules stem, free, oblong or narrow triangular, up to 4 mm wide. Leaf blades with pronounced pinpoint cystolites. The leaves of the nettle dioica are covered with burning and simple hairs, but forms without burning and with relatively few simple hairs (located in this case mainly along the veins), and plants with bare leaf blades are known.

Habitat: dioecious nettle is common throughout the temperate zones of both hemispheres: in Europe, Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, China, the Indian subcontinent (and in the mountains of Nepal it climbs to a height of up to 3500-4000 m above sea level), found in North Africa from Libya to Morocco , introduced and naturalized in North America and Australia.

Collection and harvesting: in May, June and July (August) wild-nettle leaves are collected, which are carefully (in gloves) torn from the stem and then dried in air. Entire grass is used to make nettle juice. The rhizome is dug up in spring or autumn, freed from the earth adhering to it and dried in air or with artificial heating (up to 40 ° C).

Chemical composition: dioecious nettle leaves contain up to 170 mg% ascorbic acid, up to 20 mg% carotene, B and K vitamins. 100 g of nettle contains 41 mg of iron, 1.3 mg of copper, 8.2 mg of manganese, 4.3 mg of boron , 2.7 mg of titanium, 0.03 mg of nickel, in leaves - up to 8% chlorophyll, sugar, porphyrins, sitosterol and other substances.

How to collect stinging nettle

Stinging nettle, dioecious is one of the first plants that begin to appear in spring, and fresh leaves can be used from the beginning of March until the plant blooms around the end of May. Collect young leaves from the top of the plant until the third shoot. It is better to do this in clean areas, avoid the edges of busy roads, big cities or places with poor soil.

If you live in a city, you can collect nettles during weekend trips outside the city, and then use them for several days, keeping fresh leaves in the refrigerator. If you have your own garden, just let it grow.

Stinging nettle recipes

  1. To relieve symptoms of hemorrhoids, nettle is mixed with buckthorn bark, preferably two years ago, in a tablespoon per 1 liter of boiled water. Boil for 20 minutes. Apply 200 ml orally three times a day. You can still take a bath by mixing 500 ml of broth with 3 liters of warm water.
  2. For the treatment of diseases of the stomach and intestines, including the removal of acute infectious diarrhea, a decoction of this mixture is used - dioecious nettle and blackberry leaves in a ratio of 1: 1. 10 g of the mixture are brewed in 200 ml of water. Consume 100 ml three times a day.
  3. If constipation occurs when treating diseases with nettle infusion, you can add blackthorn flowers and dandelion leaves in equal proportions to the preparation of the infusion. Steam the mixture with boiling water, boil or leave in the oven for 2 hours. Drink 100 ml three times a day until the symptoms disappear.
  4. If it is not possible to prepare a decoction or infusion of nettle leaves, you can replace it with freshly squeezed juice. Their effectiveness and medicinal value are equivalent, therefore the portions are identical.

Use cases of finished nettle preparations

  • Extract - 20-30 drops
  • Condensed broth or liquid extract - 30-40 drops
  • Decoction of leaves - 5 ml each (teaspoon)
  • Freshly squeezed juice - 5 ml each (like a decoction)
  • A decoction of the roots or fruits - 20-30 ml.

Contraindications

Nettle and its derivatives should not be consumed with hypertension, atherosclerosis, varicose veins, and also children, pregnant women, and women suffering from internal bleeding.

Stinging nettle - medicinal properties and application

Stinging nettle leaves are part of the NSP SupplementHista block"In capsules manufactured in the USA according to the international GMP quality standard for medicines.

Photo broth nettle for hair treatment

Stinging nettle has been used in medicine since ancient times. Including Caesar's legionnaires during the Gallic War whipped themselves nettles to keep warm. In Russian herbalists, nettle has been mentioned since the 16th century as an effective means for healing wounds.

Dioica nettle leaf infusion is an ancient remedy used for uterine, hemorrhoidal and gastrointestinal bleeding. Nettle leaves are part of many gastric, renal and hemostatic collections, they are used as a multivitamin. Fresh nettle juice improves metabolism. In folk medicine, the leaves and stems of the nettle are used to treat radiculitis and joint diseases.

Stinging nettle is used as a decoction of leaves for hair loss and dandruff.

Nettle leaves are currently used to increase overall metabolism. They are a usual part of the tea collection prescribed for rheumatism, gout, diseases of the gall bladder and liver, are part of the tea collections of the spring and autumn health courses. From the leaves of nettle, you can also prepare a decoction that enhances the excretion of urine and is effective for prostatitis. The German Public Health Service recognizes nettle leaf tea as an auxiliary diuretic for diseases with urinary retention and also nettle root tea for urinary retention in patients with prostate adenoma in stages I and II. You should not use tea and dioica nettle juice, as well as fees, which include a lot of nettles, with stagnation and accumulation of water due to acute heart and kidney failure, in fact, this applies to other diuretic teas.

  • Recipe for herbal tea from leaves and rhizomes of dioica nettle: 2 teaspoons with top of nettle leaves or rhizomes are poured 1/4 liter of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, filter. Tea is usually drunk in warm, small sips, 1 cup in the morning and evening for 4 to 8 weeks.

Tea collection, which includes nettle leaves, can also be recommended for people suffering from rheumatism, diseases that cause joint degeneration, biliary and urolithiasis.

Herbal Tea Recipe
Nettle leaves20,0gr.
Medicinal dandelion (root with grass)20,0g
Horsetail10,0g
Birch leaves5,0g
Rosehip (fruits)5,0g
For 1/4 liter of tea, 2 teaspoons with the top of the mixture are needed. Pour boiling water, insist for 15 minutes, filter. You need to drink 3 times a day for 1 cup, a course of 6 weeks. Before treatment with tea from nettle leaves, be sure to consult your doctor!

Active substances

The leaves contain many vitamins, being a kind of natural multivitamin concentrate: vitamins K and B2, carotene (14-30 mg / 100 g), ascorbic acid (100-200 mg / 100 g) and pantothenic acid.They also contain 17% protein, 10% starch, about 1% sugar, a lot of salts of iron, calcium and potassium, chlorophyll, flavonoids and tannins, silicic and formic acids, glycoside urtecin, sitosterol, protein, fats and carotene .

In green leaves of nettle, ascorbic acid is twice as much as in blackcurrant fruits, and carotene is greater than in carrots.

Up to 22% of fatty oil was found in fruits.

Urtica dioica L.

How to cook dioica nettle in the kitchen

If you have a juicer, you can drink fresh nettle juice, adding your favorite fruit or vegetable juice to taste. Whole leaves can also be cooked like spinach or sorrel.

Stinging nettle leaves are suitable for spring soups, fillings for dumplings and rolls, you can eat it as a fresh salad. If you want to eat raw leaves, pour them with boiling water for a minute, it can burn the delicate epithelium of the oral cavity and esophagus. In its benefits, dioica nettle is similar to Guarchibao based on guarana.

In official medicine

«Prostaforton"And"Basoton"- foreign-made preparations based on the roots and rhizomes of nettle have antitumor activity. "Urtifilin"Used to treat burns, used to heal wounds.

An extract from nettle leaves is part of the choleretic drug "Allochol". In addition, in pharmacies you can buy nettles in powdered form in packs and filter bags for making medicinal tea.

In medical practice, nettle leaves and stems are also used to stop hemorrhoidal, pulmonary and gastrointestinal bleeding. In official medicine, nettle is also used in the form of infusions and decoctions for diseases of the kidneys, stomach, and hypovitaminosis.

Nettle is the most valuable raw material for production chlorophyll. It is proved that chlorophyll enhances metabolic processes, tones the body, especially the heart, blood vessels and respiratory organs. Chlorophyll is part of the drug for hepatitis.

Useful properties of nettle

Stinging nettle is a very valuable multivitamin medicinal plant with the most extensive beneficial properties. The leaves of young nettles contain twice as much ascorbic acid than currants. Nettle also has a high carotene content — much more than carrots, sea buckthorn, or sorrel.

Nettle also contains vitamins such as B2, K, C, and many others. Nettle contains a lot of salts of iron, potassium, sugar, sulfur, a lot of protein, calcium and chlorophyll. Pantothenic acid was also found in the plant.

Nettle improves an indicator such as blood coagulation. But this is not the only thing related to blood. Nettle significantly increases the amount of hemoglobin, red blood cells, platelets in the blood, and also reduces the concentration of sugar. Nettle properties include wound healing, diuretic and general strengthening.

In folk medicine

In traditional medicine, almost all parts of the plant are used.

Leaves:

  • to heal wounds - dry and grind to a powder state, mix with pepper and petroleum jelly in equal parts. Apply the composition twice a day.
  • circulatory failure - 2 tbsp. l leaves + a glass of boiling water, insist 15 minutes. Drink a glass three times a day before meals.
  • if blood often flows from the nose - 1 tbsp. l + a glass of hot water. Cook for 10 minutes, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. about 5 times a day.
  • to get rid of gout and rheumatism - 1 tbsp. l dry leaves + a glass of hot water, insist in a warm place, leave for an hour. Drink 1 tbsp. l 4 times a day.
  • to relieve pain - nettle leaves + buckthorn bark (in a ratio of 1 to 1). 8 gr. mixture + liter of hot water, stand in a water bath for 10 minutes, leave for half an hour. Drink a glass 4 times a day.
  • with constant constipation - nettle leaves + yarrow + buckthorn (1 x 1 x 2). Pour a collection spoon with 200 ml of hot water and cook for a minute, leave for half an hour. Drink 1 glass before bed for 14 days in a row.
  • to get rid of hemorrhoids - nettle leaves + oregano + buckthorn (1 x 1 x 1). 1 tbspthe mixture is brewed in one and a half glasses of hot water and heated for 5 minutes. Leave for 4 hours. Take half a glass three times a day.

Root:

  • when coughing - cut into small pieces and cook them in sugar. Drink 10 gr. several times a day.
  • with diarrhea, fever, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, menstrual irregularities - nettle tincture is used. For her, take 2 tbsp. l nettle roots in crushed form and mixed with 0.5 l. vodka, then left for a week. Drink 30 drops three times a day.
  • with radiculitis, pain in the joints, furunculosis - tincture. For her, take 2 tbsp. l in crushed form and mixed with 0.5 l. vodka, then left for a week. Wipe painful or affected areas.

Fresh Juice:

  • nettle with painful and heavy periods - drink 10 g. per day during menstruation,
  • with cervical erosion - moisten a swab in the nettle juice (at night for 2-3 weeks),
  • with boils, acne or another rash - take 1 tbsp. per day until recovery.

Flowers:

  • when coughing - a pinch + 2 tbsp. hot water, leave for 1 hour. Drink like tea.

Seeds:

  • with impotence - 1 tbsp. l seeds are ground with a banana (take on a tablespoon 1 time per day),
  • to prevent ectopic pregnancy - use 1-3 g of seeds in a pure form once a day until the risk is excluded.

Stinging nettle - application in traditional medicine

Everything that has been said so far about the use of dioica nettles has long been known in folk medicine. Moreover, such a Spartan technique is also recommended: for rheumatism, gout and paralysis, for pleurisy, measles and scarlet fever, skin is cut with fresh nettles. It is believed that this brings relief and healing.

Nettle juice is very popular in folk medicine, and this is undoubtedly correct. You can buy it at the pharmacy, but you can cook it yourself. To do this, dioica nettle in full color is cut off, soaked and a small amount of water and after 12 hours of extraction, squeezed using a press. Very good spring salad from nettle leaves with dandelion and birch leaves. At the same time, it no longer burns, because during cooking it slightly fades.

No less common is the use in folk medicine of “nettle seed” - single-seeded fruit nuts that contain protein, mucus, fatty oil, carotenoids and chlorophyll. Their scope is very extensive, although today the external prevails. Stinging nettle is good as a “strengthening agent for the elderly,” since it supposedly “activates and enhances the body’s own defenses”.

In eastern medicine

Information on the use of nettle in the East can be found in Indo-Tibetan treatises "Wai-durya-onbo"And"Dong-be". In Korean medicine, nettle leaves are used for serious uterine or stomach bleeding. They are also used to treat hemorrhoids, with the inflammatory process in the colon.

It is applied externally to ulcers caused by trophic disorders in tissues, as well as to wounds to accelerate regeneration and disinfection. Nettle is popular here as a cure for baldness. Nettle is also often used in Japan, Indonesia, and China.

Nettle treatment
  1. Allergy. In early spring, collect nettles and dry it. 2 tablespoons of dry nettle dioica pour 0.5 liters of hot water, wrap well and insist 2-3 hours. Strain the prepared infusion and take it warm in 0.3 cups 5 times a day 30-40 minutes before meals for three weeks, and then take it as you feel.
  2. Cold allergy. Fill a liter jar to the top with nettle dioica, pour vodka, insist 10 days. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon in 0.5 cups of water 3 times a day.
  3. Anemia, atherosclerosis. 10 g of dioica nettle leaves brew with 1 cup boiling water, let it brew for 2-3 hours. Take a decoction of 0.5 cup 2 times a day.
  4. Alopecia (baldness). Take 0.5 l of water and table vinegar, add 100-150 g of dry nettle leaf and cook over low heat for 30 minutes. Wash hair with broth 2-3 times a week, do not rinse.The course of treatment is 3-4 months. Use of nettle for hair treatment
  5. Atherosclerosis. 10 g of dioica nettle leaves pour 1 cup boiling water and let the broth infuse for 2-3 hours. Take a decoction of 0.5 cup 2 times a day.
  6. Anemia (infusion). 25 g of grass pour 750 ml of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, strain and drink in small portions throughout the day.
  7. Anemia. Take fresh juice from the leaves of the nettle, dioecious, 1 teaspoon 3 times a day before meals.
  8. Century blepharospasm. Include borsch from fresh leaves of dioecious nettle in your diet, prepare salads from them. Drink 0.5 cups of nettle leaf juice daily.
  9. Eye diseases. For the cornea of ​​the eye, juice from the leaves of the nettle dioica is useful, it must be taken half a cup twice a day. The course of treatment is at least a month.
  10. Gum disease. 1 tbsp. a spoonful of nettle leaves, brew a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour, drink three times a day after meals, one third of a glass.
  11. Thyroid disease. Drink an infusion of nettle grass (brew two branches of nettle 2.5 liters of boiling water, bring to a boil, but do not boil). An hour to insist. Drink instead of tea. Then take a break - 5 days. Then prepare a new serving. The course of treatment is based on well-being. Until the treatment is finished, you can not drink kvass and eat pork.
  12. Knee pain. Cut the flowering tops of nettles 10 cm long, chop, fold into a bottle and fill with triple cologne. Insist a month, drain and rub the resulting composition with rubbing sore spots at night. Then wrap your knees.
  13. Bronchial asthma. Pick nettles, dry the stems so that they become like dust. Roll a cigarette out of good paper, fill it with nettle dust, give the patient a smoke of this cigarette. The attack will decline, sputum will throat well, and breathing will become free.
  14. Dropsy. 1 teaspoon of crushed nettle root, pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, strain. Drink the infusion like tea.
  15. Pneumonia (pneumonia). Take the juice of nettle dioecious for 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.
  16. Improving the body's metabolism. Put in a glass dish 1 teaspoon of dry chopped nettle grass, pour a glass of boiling water, cover, leave for 45 minutes, strain. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 30 minutes before meals in the morning and evening for a month. This infusion not only cleanses the blood, but also helps to restore impaired metabolism.
  17. Inflammation of the appendages. With inflammation of the ovarian appendages in women, cotton swabs moistened with juice from fresh nettle leaves help well.
  18. Hemorrhagic vasculitis. Every month for a week, it is recommended to use an infusion of nettle dioica (2 tbsp.spoons per 1 cup of boiling water). Take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day before meals.
  19. Glaucoma. Prepare an infusion of leaves and stalks of nettle: 1 tbsp. spoon dry nettle pour 1 cup boiling water, insist 1 hour, strain. Drink 50 ml 3 times a day.
  20. Pectoral toad (angina pectoris). Drink nettle juice 1 teaspoon 3 times a day, add to salads.
  21. Dysentery. 15 g of nettle leaves pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day.
  22. Stomach bleeding. 15 g of nettle grass pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 30-35 minutes, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day.
  23. Bladder stones. Take nettle juice for 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.
  24. Liver stones. Take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of nettle juice 3 times a day. Brew and drink leaves like tea.
  25. Stones in the kidneys. 1 teaspoon of nettle seeds pour 1/2 cup boiling water, leave for 20 minutes. Drink 1-2 cups (150-300 ml) per day.
  26. Goiter treatment. Three branches of nettle 20 cm long, brew 2.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, strain. Drink without measure, instead of tea. When the infusion is over, take a break for 2 days and prepare a new serving. During the treatment period, pork should be discarded. You also need to keep in mind that nettle thickens blood.
  27. Uterine bleeding. Drink juice of fresh leaves of a nettle dioecious for 1 hour.spoon 20 minutes before meals 3 times a day, stirring in half a glass of water (course 10 days).
  28. Uterine fibroids (tincture). Pour 100 g of dry crushed leaves of nettle dioica, pour 0.5 l of vodka, insist a week in a dark place, periodically shaking. Strain, squeeze and take a tincture of 1 teaspoon, washed down with water, three times a day half an hour before meals.
  29. Menstrual dysfunction. Squeeze juice from nettle leaves. Apply 1 teaspoon 3 times a day.
  30. Menstrual irregularities. 10 g of nettle herb pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 40-50 minutes, strain. Drink half a glass 3 times a day.
  31. Central nervous system dysfunction. Drink the juice of nettle dioecious for 1 tbsp. spoon a day.
  32. Blood clotting. 15 g of dioica nettle leaves pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon before meals 3 times a day.
  33. Heavy and painful menstruation. Drink the juice of fresh nettle leaves 1 teaspoon in 1/2 cup boiled water 30 minutes before meals 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 10-12 days.
  34. Burn from a metal object. Pour 1 part of the nettle herb with 10 parts of vodka, insist for 14 days. Apply tincture to the burn site.
  35. Uterine prolapse. 15 grams of nettle grass pour 200 ml of water, boil for 3-5 minutes with the lid closed, cool, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.
  36. Stop nosebleeds. Place a swab moistened with fresh nettle juice in the nostril.
  37. Osteochondrosis. Fill a half-liter jar with finely chopped nettle roots, pour vodka to the top, leave for 12 days in a dark place. Tincture to take 1 tbsp. spoon for the night.
  38. Body cleansing, vision improvement, anemia. Wash and grind 1.5 kg of nettle in a meat grinder. Squeeze the juice from the pulp through cheesecloth. Drink 40-50 g 1 time in the morning on an empty stomach. The course of treatment is from 7 to 14 days.
  39. Purification (purification) of blood. Put in a glass dish 1 teaspoon of dry chopped nettle grass, pour a glass of boiling water, cover, leave for 45 minutes, strain. Take an infusion of 1 tbsp. spoon 30 minutes before meals in the morning and evening for a month.
  40. Liver cleansing. 15 grams of crushed nettle leaves, brew a glass of boiling water, insist, wrapped, 1 hour, strain. 15 g of crushed nettle roots pour a glass of boiling water, boil over low heat for 10 minutes, strain. Mix both formulations, add honey or sugar to taste. Take 0.5 cups 3-4 times a day 20-30 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.
  41. Gout. Stinging nettle juice take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day.
  42. Prostatitis (prostate adenoma). 1 tbsp. boil a spoonful of nettle roots for 10 minutes in 300 ml of water, leave for half an hour. Drink 3 meals before meals. The course of treatment is 2 months.
  43. Prostatitis (prostate adenoma). Steal 2 sprigs of May nettle in a liter mug. Insist and drink infusion 3 times a day, 150 ml 20 minutes before meals. One and a half weeks to drink, two weeks - a break, then - on well-being.
  44. Acne. 15 g of nettle herb pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave to cool, strain. Wipe the skin 3-4 times a day.
  45. Dry head seborrhea. 2 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed dry leaves of nettle dioica pour 1.5 cup boiling water, leave for 2 hours, strain. Rub into the scalp.
  46. Pulmonary tuberculosis. 15 g of nettle leaves pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 15 minutes, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day.
  47. Breast enlargement (swelling) after childbirth. Finely chop 100 g of fresh nettle leaves, add 50 ml of boiling water, cool slightly. Use in the form of compresses for 30-40 minutes 3 times a day.
  48. Acne (acne). 15 g of nettle leaves pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 30-40 minutes, cool, strain. Drink 1 glass in the morning and evening.
  49. Nettle hair removal (hair removal). Fill 50 g of crushed nettle seeds with 100 g of vegetable oil, put in a glass bowl for 2 weeks in a dark place, shake daily. Strain, pour into a bottle with a stopper. Lubricate the skin 2 times a day.
  50. Blood Composition Improvements. 15 g of nettle leaves collected during flowering pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, strain. Drink folk medicine for 1 tbsp. spoon before meals 3-4 times a day.
  51. Means for improving memory and attention. 1-2 cups of young nettle brew a glass of boiling water, leave to cool, strain, drink in a day in three doses.
  52. Cold urticaria (allergy). 1 tbsp.a spoonful of crushed dried nettle flowers pour a glass of boiling water, insist, pre-wrapped, 30 minutes, strain and take one glass 3 times a day in a warm form 20 minutes after eating.
  53. Cold urticaria (allergy). 50 g of chopped nettle pour 0.5 l of vodka or alcohol, insist in a dark place for 7-10 days and take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day after meals. The course of treatment is 1-2 months.
  54. Chronic gastritis with normal and increased secretion. 2 tbsp. tablespoons chopped nettle leaf pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 40 minutes, strain. Drink 20 ml before meals 4 times a day. The course of treatment is 10 days.
  55. Scabies. Mix in equal parts: nettle, salt, egg yolk. Shuffle and lubricate itchy spots. The course is 3 days.
  56. Epilepsy. 15 g of nettle leaves pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 2 - 3 hours in a warm place, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day.

Stinging nettle is an excellent cosmetic. Juice of young nettles helps to improve hair growth. To do this, just rub the nettle juice into the place of hair loss. An infusion prepared from this plant also helps restore magnificent hair. To prepare the infusion, 4 tablespoons of chopped dry leaves should be poured with a liter of boiling water and allowed to cool, and then rinse their hair.

In research

The beneficial properties of nettle have been studied for a long time. Science knows the fundamental research of plants by Professor Sokolov S.Ya. in 1969, the dissertation on the medicinal properties of this plant Soshnikova O.V. (2006).

The antioxidant properties of nettle were disclosed in the scientific work of Rohit Bisht and his coauthors. In a rat study, favorable factors for the influence of dioecious nettle on Parkinson's disease were identified.

A group of scientists from Pakistan, consisting of: Rachel Kayum, Hafiz Misbah-ud-Din Kamar, Shamima Khan, Umme Salma, Taus Khan, Abdul Jabbar) in September 2016 provided a scientific publication on the effect of dioica nettle on the treatment of hypertension. As a result of the study and the administration of nettle-based preparations to rats, relaxation of the vascular walls and a decrease in blood pressure were found in experimental animals.

Also, the use of nettle-based preparations for Alzheimer's disease was 14.19. Currently, the issue of the practical use of nettle as a natural (plant) fiber is being addressed by British professor Ray Harwood.

Nettle broth for rinsing hair
  • 4 tablespoons of chopped dry nettle leaves pour a liter of boiling water and allow to cool, and then rinse their hair

Contraindications to treatment. Firstly, you should be careful not to take nettle-based preparations for people with increased blood coagulation.

Secondly, hypertensive patients should also not take decoctions of nettles.

Thirdly, before taking decoctions of nettle with bleeding, the cause of bleeding should be diagnosed. If the cause is the appearance of a tumor (fibroids or cysts), then nettle treatment cannot be carried out. Nettle contraindications also apply to people with thrombophlebitis and kidney disease.

In cooking and nutrition

The rich composition of nettles makes it an important component of the diet. Nettle contains a lot of protein, which makes it possible to rank it among plants, which are called "vegetable meat» .

Nettle is most beneficial in early spring. At this time, dioecious nettle leaves contain more vitamin C than currant or lemon fruit. Stinging nettle contains more vitamin A than carrots.

Young leaves of the plant are used for salads, cabbage soup, borsch. Sauces are prepared from the leaves of the nettle dioica, they are fermented, salted, casseroles, cutlets, fillings for pies, dumplings are made from them, all kinds of teas are prepared. Nettle is part of some wines, liquors, and beer.

The plant is widely used in dietetics as a tool to help cleanse the body and reduce total body weight.Nettle is especially good if a person is gaining excess weight due to disturbances in the intestines, and is also prone to the accumulation of toxins and toxins. Fresh nettle salads help normalize the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.

Since nettle has a strong diuretic effect, it is easy to remove excess fluid from the body with it, get rid of edema and extra pounds.

Nettle teas reduce appetite. For this, nettle flowers are dried and tea made on their basis. The calming effect of such teas is also important for the general condition of the body. The antimicrobial properties of nettles are used to extend the shelf life of products.

In cosmetology

Nettle broth can be used to cleanse the face of acne. Nettle decoctions are also used for furunculosis, rash and other skin problems.

Nettle for hair is one of the most effective means of restoring and strengthening hair follicles.

Here are some folk remedies:

  • To stimulate hair growth and shine - leaves (100 g.) In crushed form + half a glass of vinegar + half a glass of water. Boil for half an hour. Rub into skin. Use twice - thrice a week.
  • For dandruff, baldness - prepare nettle infusion (1 tbsp. Leaves + 1 cup boiling water, leave for 1.5 hours and strain). Use once a week.

Rinsing with nettles helps in the fight against early gray hair, seborrheic disease and other hair problems.

Pharmacy preparations

  • Oil. Most often used externally in dermatology and cosmetology for skin and hair care. You can make an oil extract from nettles at home.
  • Dry nettle extract. You can buy dietary supplements in the form of tablets and capsules, which are made from dry nettle root. Powder from a dry extract of leaves and roots is also sold. It is used for making infusions at home.
  • Liquid extract. Sold in 100 ml vials. Indications for use indicated in the instructions are diseases of the urinary system and joints, iron deficiency anemia, inflammation of the prostate gland, uterine bleeding, malfunctions of the menstrual cycle. The herbal preparation is prescribed in combination therapy with synthetic drugs. Accepted in a strict dosage - no more than 30 drops 4 times a day.
  • Dry vegetable raw materials. The instructions for use of nettle leaves indicate age restrictions - the grass is allowed for children from 12 years old. An overdose can cause an allergic reaction and increased blood clotting. Therefore, it is so important to comply with the dose during the preparation of the infusion: no more than 2 tbsp. Are taken per 200 ml of water. tablespoons of dry raw materials.

Collection and processing of medicinal raw materials

Leaves and rhizome with roots are used for treatment. Leaves are harvested all summer, and rhizomes are harvested in late autumn.

They are dried under a canopy or in the attic with good ventilation, spreading a layer of no more than 3-4 cm. In the sun, the raw materials should not be dried, since it is discolored, and vitamins are destroyed.

Store in a dry, well-ventilated area for 2 years.

Other uses

In floriculture use nettle infusion to fight aphids and to prevent powdery mildew.

Previously, this plant was actively used for weaving industry. They made fiber from nettles, which was used to sew sails, strong bags, coolies, etc. In the 19th century, Khanty and Mansi made nettle and sewed clothes from nettles. In Japan, nettle tows were used to make samurai armor, clothing, and a bow string was often made from this fiber.

Today only in Yugoslavia is preserved large industrial fabric production from nettle - cheviota . In the CIS countries there are also a small number of small family-type enterprises engaged in the manufacture of insoles, belts, nettle scarves and other wardrobe items.

The plant is widely used in pharmaceutical, food and perfumery industries . You can often find in stores strengthening nettle shampoo.

In livestock nettle is added to pet food and poultry. And it is prepared with vitamin flour, silage, briquettes, concentrates, granules, used as green food in a steamed form.

Application in official and traditional medicine

In early spring, it is useful to take fresh nettle juice. To prepare it, the leaves are cleaned of impurities, washed well with running water, squeezed, scalded with boiling water and passed through a meat grinder. The resulting juice is diluted with boiling water 3 times and boiled for 3-5 minutes. Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day with meals.

Nettle infusion is used to treat uterine, hemorrhoidal, pulmonary and nosebleeds. The hemostatic effect is due to the presence of vitamins K and C. in the nettle. Iron, in combination with protein, vitamins, chlorophyll and silicic acid, has a stimulating effect on carbohydrate and protein metabolism, which is accompanied by an increase in the tone of the cardiovascular, respiratory and other body systems. Nettle infusion is used for all sluggish chronic diseases, in which the body's resistance to the effects of various factors of the external and internal environment is reduced.

Nettle is useful for anemia. It increases the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells in the blood. Its positive effect on diseases of the liver, gall bladder and gastrointestinal tract was noted. Nettle is used as an additional tool in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchitis, malaria and spleen diseases. Infusion is used as gastric, laxative and multivitamin tea, for the prevention of gout and the formation of stones.

Eating leaves lowers blood sugar. In dried form, they are taken in a mixture with yogurt at the rate of 2 tablespoons per I glass. Nettle is effective in acute and chronic inflammation of the small intestine.

Outwardly, nettle is used for pruritus, thrush, joint pain, dandruff and hair loss. In this case, it is combined with tincture of garlic and a decoction of burdock root. Do not wipe the head after washing. The course of treatment is 2 weeks. Repeat it after 1-2 weeks for 4-6 months.

An infusion of leaves and a decoction of the roots are prepared on water in a ratio of 1:10.

The medical industry produces briquettes of shredded nettle leaf weighing 75 g, divided into 10 segments. Pour one slice with 1 cup boiling water, insist 10 minutes, filter, cool and take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day after meals.

A thick nettle extract is part of the drug allochol.

Infusion

What is the use of nettle infusion? This tool is effective for all of the above indications. Particularly useful infusion to stop bleeding. It is also an excellent multivitamin drink. To prepare the infusion, you can use crushed leaves or nettles in bags from the pharmacy.

  1. Take 1 tbsp. l dry raw materials.
  2. Pour a glass of boiling water.
  3. Insist 1–2 hours.
  4. Strain.

It is also a good tonic, restorative, lactogonic. He is often drunk with rheumatism. Infusion is applied externally in the same way as a decoction. For external use and skin cleansing recommended infusion of celandine and nettle.

Preparation of fortified infusion

  1. Take equal parts of nettle, rosehip berries, currants, carrot root.
  2. At 2 tbsp. l mix take 2 cups boiling water.
  3. Insist 1 hour.
  4. Strain.

Unconventional Uses

Since ancient times, nettles have been used as amulets. It was believed that if you lay a nettle rug in front of the house, evil would bypass this house. They believed that nettle leaves, hidden under the insoles in shoes, would save their owner from the dark forces.

Nettle leaves laid in the corner of the children's room helped the baby cope with all fears, improved his sleep and health. Sprigs of nettle fumigated a room for removing the evil eye and spoilage. Nettle broom sweeping all evil spirits out of the house.

It was believed that the nettle amulet was able to enhance the positive qualities of character - courage, initiative, honesty and stamina, protect the life of a warrior. Dry nettle leaf was used as an amulet. The main thing is that the future owner of the amulet collects the leaves independently.

Recipes for various diseases

AVITAMINOSIS
Pour 2 tablespoons of dry chopped nettle leaves with 1 cup boiling water and leave for 15-20 minutes, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
ASTHMA CARDIAC
Take 1/2 tablespoon of young leaves of nettle, 1 tablespoon of young leaves of quinoa and leaves of reeds. Mix and grind the leaves, pour 1 cup boiling water, insist, wrap, 2 hours, add 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda, stir and insist 10 days in the warm light. Take 1 teaspoon 1 time per day 30 minutes before meals for 3-4 weeks.
GASTRITIS
Pour 1 tablespoon of dry nettle leaves with 1 cup boiling water, simmer for 10 minutes over low heat, cool, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 4-5 times per
day.
HEMORRHOIDS
Take 2 tablespoons of leaves and rhizomes of nettle, pour 1 liter of boiling water, put on fire and boil for 15 minutes, strain. Take 1 glass in the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening before going to bed.
HYPERTENSION
Pour 1 tablespoon of chopped nettle leaves
1 cup boiling water, leave for 30 minutes. Take 1/4 cup 4 times a day half an hour before meals. A course of treatment
2 weeks, then take a break for 5 days, start the second course of treatment. The infusion helps at the initial stage of the disease.
HEADACHE
Pour 3 tablespoons of chopped nettle leaves with 2 cups of water and boil for 2-3 minutes. Insist 1 hour. Take 1/2 cup throughout the day.
CHOLELITHIASIS
Squeeze juice from nettle leaves. Take 1/4 cup of juice 2-3 times a day or 1 tablespoon every 2 hours.
LIVER DISEASES
Pour 1 tablespoon of chopped nettle leaves with 1 cup boiling water, leave for 30 minutes. Take 1/2 cup 1 time per day for a month.
Pour 4 tablespoons of crushed leaves of 0.5 liters of water, boil for 5 minutes, strain. In a broth, dilute 1 tablespoon of honey and drink hot 1/2 cup 4 times a day.
STROKE
Take 20 g of chopped nettle, pour 1 liter of boiling water, put on fire and boil for 10 minutes. Insist night, strain. Take 1/2 cup 3 times a day.
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Pour 0.5 liters of boiling water into 5 tablespoons of dried and chopped nettle grass, collected before flowering, and boil for 5 minutes over low heat. Take with honey or sugar 1/2 cup 4 times a day.
Pour 15 g of crushed nettle roots with 1 cup boiling water, boil over low heat for 10 minutes, insist 30 minutes. Take 2-3 tablespoons 2-3 times a day 30 minutes before meals for 3-4 weeks.
COUGH
Brew 2-4 tablespoons of nettle seeds 0.5 liters of boiling water and leave for a night in a thermos. Drink 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day or bowl, but in smaller portions. You can brew 1 cup boiling water 2 tablespoons of nettle root, warm over low heat for 5 minutes, insist 30 minutes. Take the same.
Finely chop the fresh nettle roots and boil in sugar syrup. Take 1 tablespoon several times a day for chronic cough.
Pour 1 tablespoon of chopped nettle root with 1 glass of boiling water, keep in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature, strain, sweeten with honey. Drink 1/2 cup 4-6 times a day 30 minutes before meals with severe bouts of coughing.
Pour 1 teaspoon of nettle flowers with dioecious 0.5 l of boiling water, insist, wrapping, 20-30 minutes, strain. Drink as tea for expectoration and thinning sputum.
HORSE, ALLERGY
Pour 1 tablespoon of dried or fresh nettle flowers with 1 cup boiling water. Insist, wrapped, 30 minutes, strain. Take 1/2 cup 4-5 times a day or 1 cup 3 times a day in the form of heat.
GUMP BLEEDING
Pour 1 tablespoon of crushed nettle leaves with dioecious 1 cup boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, strain. Take in the form of an infusion of 1/2 cup 3 times a day after meals.
FEVER
Take 2 tablespoons of chopped nettle roots and 1 clove of garlic, which also needs to be chopped. Pour all 1 cup of vodka. Insist for 6-7 days, strain. Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day or rub the patient.
ANEMIA
In case of anemia it is recommended to eat cabbage soup from the tops of young nettles, fresh or dried: 1 handful of grass per 1 liter of water.
UTERINE BLEEDING,
Plenty of menstruation
Squeeze juice from fresh nettle leaves. Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals, diluting the juice in 1/2 cup of water.
Mix in equal proportions nettle leaves, grass shepherd's purse, horsetail. Take 1 teaspoon of the mixture, pour 1 cup of water at room temperature, leave for 8 hours, strain, add 1/2 cup of boiling water. Take 1/2 cup 2 times a day.
METABOLIC DISEASE
Pour 1 tablespoon of dry nettle leaves with 1 cup boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
INSUFFICIENT LACTATION
Squeeze the juice from the fresh leaves of the nettle, dilute it with water in a ratio of 1: 2, bring to a boil, cool. Take 1-2 teaspoons 3 times a day with meals.
Pour 1 tablespoon of dry chopped nettle leaves with 1 cup boiling water and leave for 10 minutes. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
JADE, PYELONEPHRITIS
Pour 1-2 tablespoons of dried nettle leaves with 1 glass of boiling water, insist on a water bath for 15 minutes. Take 1/2 cup before meals 3 times a day.
Take in equal parts nettle leaves and calendula flowers. Pour 1 tablespoon of the collection with 1 cup boiling water, insist. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day 1 hour after a meal.
INCREASED LEVEL
BLOOD SUGAR
Take in equal parts nettle leaves, blueberry leaves, herbs of St. John's wort perforated. Pour 1 tablespoon of the mixture into 1.5 cups of hot water, boil for 5 minutes, insist for at least 30 minutes, strain. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day before meals for a month. Instead of St. John's wort, dandelion leaves and knotweed grass can also be used.
Take 2 tablespoons of chopped nettle and pour it into 1 cup of yogurt. Drink 1-2 glasses a day.
DIARRHEA
Mix 1 teaspoon of dioica nettle leaves and blackberry leaves, pour 1.5 cups of boiling water, insist in a warm place for 2 hours. Drink 1 / 3-1 / 2 cup 3-4 times a day.
RHEUMATISM
Squeeze juice from fresh nettle leaves. Take 1/2 cup of the obtained juice with 1 tablespoon of honey 3 times a day.
Thrombophlebitis
Pour 1 tablespoon of nettle leaves with 1 cup boiling water, insist 40 minutes, strain. Drink 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day before meals. In this case, you should follow a diet: do not eat meat, fish, or fried foods.
TUBERCULOSIS
Mix 1 tablespoon of the leaves and roots of the nettle, pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, heat over low heat for 5 minutes, insist 30 minutes and strain. Drink 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals. You can also cook separately decoctions of the leaves and roots of nettle.
VISION IMPAIRMENT
Take daily 30 g of young fresh leaves or shoots of nettle in any form.
Enterocolitis
Take 2 parts of nettle, 1 part of bark of buckthorn alder and yarrow grass. Pour 2 tablespoons of the mixture with 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, cool, strain, bring the volume of liquid to 200 ml with boiled water. Take 1/3 cup in the morning and at night.
CERVICAL EROSION
Squeeze the juice from the fresh leaves of the nettle, moisten a cotton swab in it, which is inserted into the vagina for 5-10 minutes.
OIL SEASTER, HAIR LOSS
Mix 0.5 liters of olive oil and 2 tablespoons of nettle and burdock (roots) and leave for 14 days. Strain, rub into the scalp.Rinse hair with acidified vinegar or lemon water.
Pour 2 tablespoons of chopped nettle leaves with 1 cup boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, strain and rinse your head after washing.
Prepare an infusion of nettle leaves in a ratio of 1:10. Combine the resulting infusion with water and table vinegar, taking them in a ratio of 1: 5: 5. Rinse your head after washing 2-3 times a week. The course of treatment is 10 procedures.
Wounds
Fill a half-liter jar with fresh nettle leaves, pour it with 70 percent alcohol and leave for 2 weeks. Treat with tincture of the wound or make cold compresses.
When bleeding from a wound, apply fresh nettle leaves scalded with boiling water.
RHEUMATISM
Fresh nettle quilts sore spots. You can alternate. one day to quench sore spots with nettles, the next day rub them with kerosene.
SPURS
Nettle leaves and roots of nettles, apply at night to spurs, before going to bed, steaming feet in hot water with spruce needles and sea salt (1 tablespoon per foot bath).

Interesting Facts

Nettle is a legendary plant. There is a popular story that God awarded stinging nettles with stinging hairs to treat people and animals with it.

  • In many works of folk art, nettle is found. Songs, proverbs and sayings, tales, puzzles, express the whole essence of this burning plant. Nettle in folk art is compared with a bee, wasp, boiling water, fire, etc. After all, the main distinguishing feature of nettle is “burn, «sting», «stab».
  • Interestingly, in ancient folk culture there is a song in which nettles are described as amulets. The protective properties of nettles are described in some tales. For example, the heroine of Andersen’s fairy tale “Wild Swans"In order to save the brothers from the spell, she wove nettle shirts for them.
  • On the coat of arms of the ancient Russian village of Krapivna (Shchekinsky district, Tula region) you can see the image of this legendary plant. Since 2012, the annual "Nettle festival". Here everyone can taste delicious dishes from this amazing plant, purchase handmade items from nettle fiber, and attend master classes.
  • In 2004, the United Kingdom heldNational Nettle Respect Week". The goal is to popularize the beneficial properties of this plant.

Syrup

Syrup with nettle and pine uterus extract is sold in pharmacies. It is used for hormonal disorders, a number of gynecological diseases, infertility, mastopathy, to strengthen the immune system. But you can also make syrup yourself.

  1. Pass through a meat grinder 1 kg of fresh leaves.
  2. Add 3 cups of water.
  3. Boil for 2 minutes and strain.
  4. Add ½ kg of honey and mix thoroughly.

The syrup should be stored in the refrigerator. This is a good multivitamin, tonic. You can take 1 tsp. Also from this syrup are obtained delicious fortified drinks.

Fresh nettle juice can replace broth and infusion. It is used internally and externally. Drink 20 minutes before meals 3 times a day for 1 teaspoon. Effective for kidney stones and gall bladder, uterine and nosebleeds, iron deficiency anemia, hypovitaminosis. Drink juice to stimulate the nervous system, with toothache. It is used as an antiseptic for diseases of the oral mucosa and skin inflammation.

Nettle harm and contraindications

When touching a stalk, a person has a burning sensation and pain, so a nettle chemical burn can occur. Usually, discomfort quickly disappears, but in some cases can cause an allergic reaction.

Nettle burn usually does not pose a particular great danger to humans, except for the burn of an exotic nettle tree Urtica ferox.

Contraindications

The main points when using nettle as a medicinal product is contraindicated:

  • if a person has high blood coagulation, eating nettles will lead to blood clots. Therefore, the plant is contraindicated in varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, atherosclerosis,
  • in case of renal and heart failure,
  • with individual intolerance and skin allergies. In this case, a nettle burn causes a lot of trouble and does not pass for a long time,
  • during pregnancy (especially the last months) - nettle can cause premature birth,
  • with bleeding caused by polyps, a cyst, a tumor of the ovaries and uterus,
  • with age spots on the skin and freckles (increased skin sensitivity to sunlight).

Attention!

  • It is not recommended to collect nettles near roads and landfills. The plant absorbs a large amount of harmful substances,
  • incorrect preparation of nettles is also dangerous. For use in its raw form, nettles must be scalded with boiling water beforehand.

We have collected the most important points about the benefits and possible dangers of nettle in this illustration and will be very grateful if you share the picture on social networks, with a link to our page:

Cosmetology

What are the benefits of nettle for hair and skin? The grass contains minerals, organic acids and vitamins, which give an anti-inflammatory, nourishing, anti-aging, antioxidant effect.

  • For problem skin. Use externally in the form of decoctions and infusions. Alcohol tincture can only be used diluted with oily skin. It cleanses the skin well with acne, purulent wounds. With furunculosis, the grass is also taken orally.
  • For hair. In case of loss, oily hair, dandruff, it is recommended to rinse the head with decoctions. With oily scalp, tincture can be rubbed. Often used herbs with the addition of chamomile, burdock root, oak bark. Read more about the use of nettle for hair in our other article.
  • Nettle bath. This is not only a cosmetic, but also a medical procedure. It cleanses the skin well, renews cells, relieves swelling, and helps with female diseases and nervous disorders. From broths of nettle and sage they make baths for hands and feet, which soften the skin well, eliminate sweating of the hands and feet, strengthen nails.

  1. Take 1 part chopped root.
  2. Pour 2 parts of olive oil.
  3. Insist 2 weeks.
  4. Strain.

The oil is widely used in cosmetology: it is rubbed into the scalp, it is treated with rough, weathered skin, cracks, wounds and scratches. Also, the drug is effective in dermatology, in the treatment of burns.

Nettle leaves

The leaves of the plant have a rough hairy surface, especially a lot of hairs along the veins of the leaf, the taste of the leaves is weak, bitter, and the color is dark green. When touched, burning is felt, blisters appear on the skin. The salts of iron and potassium are present in the nettle leaves, contain vitamins of groups B and C, flavnoids, silicon, chlorophyll. Medicines made from nettles prevent hair loss, treat seborrhea, when it is applied, itching disappears, hair acquires splendor and a healthy shine. Hemostatic and uterine tone-enhancing properties of the plant were revealed.

Vitamin K has a hemostatic effect. Istamine, serotonin, acetylcholine, leukotrienes, formic acid help stimulate the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow and normalize lipid metabolism. Raw materials in the form of decoctions and infusions have a choleretic and anti-inflammatory effect, helps to reduce the smooth muscles of the uterus and improve the regeneration processes.

Collection and Harvesting Rules

Nettle can be collected and harvested within a few months, but besides this, you can also use it fresh throughout the season. In order for medicinal raw materials to be as useful as possible and maintain a high concentration of active substances, it is important to know the rules for collection and storage. Consider the secrets and rules of collecting and harvesting dioica nettle.

  1. For the preparation of vitamin-rich dishes - salads, soups, drinks, fresh leaves of young plants that have not yet entered the flowering phase are used. That is, from the moment shoots appear until the end of April, you can use almost the entire ground part in cooking, creating healthy dishes. It makes no sense to procure such raw materials.
  2. For the collection of raw materials for storage, to use it throughout the year, the period from mid-June to the end of summer is suitable. That is, from the moment when the flowering phase is in full swing until the time of complete ripening of the seeds.
  3. It is advisable to collect in dry weather, best in the early morning. But, it is important to wait until there is no dew on the surface of the leaves.
  4. Nettle roots, leaves and seeds are used as medicinal raw materials.
  5. Leaves are collected from all parts of the plant, while protecting the hands with gloves.
  6. The roots are dug up in August, washed and dried. Before use, grind.
  7. Seeds are harvested towards the end of August.
  8. Harvested raw materials are dried in a room where the air temperature is in the range of 20-245 degrees, and the humidity is not more than 50%.
  9. Dry material can be stored in cloth bags, cardboard boxes. It can be stored in glass jars, but for this you need to make several holes in the lid to ensure air circulation.
  10. The maximum shelf life for harvested raw materials in compliance with all the rules is 24 months.

Origin of name

The people call nettle in a simple way: "horsetail», «jiggle», «stinging», «lighter". The opinion of linguists about the etymology of the word is not unambiguous. The first consider that the word "nettle"Comes from Old Slavonic"kopriva" or "kropiva».

This name is supposed to have common roots with the Serbo-Croat name krȍp (boiling water) or Polish ukrop, and means "boiled water for livestock feed". Others are sure that there is a lexical connection with the word “coprin". That is, it is a plant for the production of tissue.

A large number of vitamins and nutrients makes nettle one of the most used plants in official and traditional medicine, nutrition and cosmetology.

Today, there are more than 50 varieties of nettles. In the territory of the CIS countries the most common are:

  1. 1 Stinging nettle - A medicinal plant, with a large number of vitamins and minerals. This is a perennial plant with a height of 1.5-1.7 m. The stem and leaves are covered with sharp, but brittle needles containing formic acid. That is why touching it is often accompanied by burns.
  2. 2 Stinging nettle (monoecious) in its useful properties and appearance is similar to the dioecious variety. However, it grows no more than 50 cm high, and besides, it is annual.
  3. 3 Lamb - white nettle or “deaf” is common at the edges of the forest zone. Unlike previous species, the cassock has very attractive white flowers, is an excellent honey plant. This type of nettle does not have stinging needles. Dried nettle flowers are used for the preparation of medicinal teas, as a medicine in the treatment of allergies and gastrointestinal diseases.
  4. 4 Hemp nettle usually grows in the steppe zone in the form of large thickets. This variety has dissected carved leaves, has burning hairs. It is considered a weed plant, grows along roadsides. Plant height from 1.5 to 2.4 meters. The stalk and root of hemp nettle are used for the prevention and treatment of malignant neoplasms.
  5. 5 Nettle Kiev in appearance resembles a dioica nettle. Its height, in contrast to the dioecious, does not exceed 1.2 meters. Outside Ukraine, it grows in Western and Eastern Europe, as well as in Palestine. It is listed in the Red Books of the Voronezh and Lipetsk regions of the Russian Federation, as well as the Republic of Belarus. Kiev nettle is strictly protected by the relevant environmental safety authorities in countries such as Hungary and the Czech Republic.

Despite the fairly wide distribution, Stinging nettle listed in the Red Books of regional significance, for example, the Voronezh and Lipetsk regions of the Russian Federation. Nettle is strictly protected by the relevant environmental safety authorities in countries such as Belarus, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.

The appearance of the plant is approximately the same. If you describe nettle from the point of view of botany, you get this characteristic:

  • Stem: erect with furrows and hairs, length - from 15 to 35 cm.
  • Leaves have a dark green color, a drop-shaped leaf with teeth, from 2 to 10 cm long,
  • Flowers are solitary or in the form of inflorescences, stamen or pistillate. Typically, the plant has from 6 to 12 stamens and a lower ovary.
  • Fetus may take the form of a nut or box in which nettle seeds are located.

There are annual and perennial species of nettle, monoecious and dioecious, medicinal and weedy, safe and even life-threatening (nettle australian).

Nettle with menstruation

Nettle is simply created to protect a woman from problems that arise during the menstrual cycle. Excessive bleeding creates discomfort and affects health. Slow coagulation of blood can lead to large losses, and vice versa, fast coagulation causes blood clots. If the body has a scarce supply of vitamin K and calcium, then the coagulation process is disrupted. To normalize it, it is necessary to use nettle products.

Nettle intake increases hemoglobin levels. Plant juice is especially valuable on critical days: you need to drink 1 teaspoon 3 times a day before meals. From nettle you can make tea or a decoction and drink three glasses of warm liquid during the day. These drugs have a diuretic property. Thanks to vitamins and minerals in the female body, blood is cleansed, blood vessels strengthen and the uterus improves.

Growing conditions

In order to grow nettle, it is necessary to provide it with optimal conditions, the main of which are:

  • Fertile soil is not heavy, medium-moist soil, without sand and clay.
  • Shady area, as the plant grows best in the absence of sunlight.
  • Ph soil should be around 5.6.

For rapid plant growth, it is recommended to immerse nettle seeds in the soil by 1.5 cm. The sowing period is late autumn or early spring, since the planted seeds give their first seedlings in a month, when the air temperature is at least + 8 ° С.

It is important to sprinkle the sown surface with fertilizer: peat or humus.

It is advisable to maintain optimal soil moisture until the first sunrise. When thickening, seedlings must be thinned out so that young plants are 5 cm apart. For the normal growth and development of the plant, the soil must be kept moist. But not to allow its overmoistening. Otherwise, root rot may occur.

Nettle extract

Nettle nettle extract is used not only in folk medicine for uterine and intestinal bleeding, but official medicine also recommends this remedy. The extract has a diuretic, anti-febrile and anti-inflammatory effect, beneficial substances with tannic and antihemorrhagic properties regulate blood loss during menstruation. Nettle medicine can be prepared at home.

Nettle extract recipe: Pour 1/3 of the can with dry leaves, pour 70 percent alcohol to the brim, insist 15 days, take half an hour before meals, dissolving 0.5 teaspoon in a glass of water. The course of treatment is 1 month.

Such treatment is indicated for endocrine diseases, chronic bleeding, diabetes mellitus, inflammation of the respiratory tract, for rinsing the mouth, throat, for instillation in the nose.

Power circuit

Nettle lovers - ordinary day-old butterfly-urticaria (Aglais urticae) from the family Nymphalidae. They feed mainly on the shoots of a young plant.

Caterpillars of the butterfly peacock eye also prefer nettle to all other plants. Glad to enjoy nettles and the most ordinary grasshoppers.

In the British Isles, nettle seeds were found in the excrement of fallow deer (Dama dama) and magpies (Pica pica) Parasitic plant European dodderI also feed on the juice of this plant.

Video

While pharmacy chains offer us a large number of drugs of dubious quality, we have the opportunity to get health at the lowest price and with maximum effect. To do this, use delicious and healthy nettle juice.

  1. Wikipedia source
  2. Wiktionary, source
  3. Types of nettle: stinging, deaf and others, source
  4. Nettle Kiev, source
  5. Stinging nettle, source
  6. Nettle cultivation, source
  7. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28, source
  8. Lavrenova G.V. Lavrenov V. Encyclopedia of medicinal plants. Volume 1
  9. Grodzinsky A.M. "Likarsky roslini"
  10. Useful and medicinal properties of nettle, source
  11. Stinging nettle, source
  12. Antioxidant-Rich Fraction of Urtica dioica Mediated Rescue of Striatal Mito-Oxidative Damage in MPTP-Induced Behavioral. a source
  13. Mechanisms underlying the antihypertensive properties of Urtica dioica, source
  14. Avicenna J. Biotechnol Honey. 2016 Jul-Sep, 8 (3): 120-125.
  15. Weaving, source
  16. Nettle and its beneficial properties, source
  17. The benefits and harms of nettle tea for the human body, source
  18. Akhmetov R.B. “Overcome the grass”
  19. Neuroprotective Effects of Herbal Extract on Rat Model of Sporadic Alzheimer’s Disease, source
  20. Cyberlenink source

The use of any materials without our prior written consent is prohibited.

The administration is not responsible for trying to use any prescription, advice or diet, and also does not guarantee that the information indicated will help or harm you personally. Be prudent and always consult with the appropriate doctor!

Nettle oil

Nettle oil is used for plexitis, myositis, arthritis, osteochondrosis. Bruises, sprains of the ligamentous apparatus quickly pass, pain during fractures decreases. The regenerating properties of nettles contribute to the rapid healing of wounds and the reduction of skin defects.

Nettle Oil Recipe: 40 g of crushed seeds is required to fill in 100 g of vegetable oil and infused for 2 weeks, then strain and pour into a separate bowl, preferably from dark glass. Keep the product in the refrigerator.

Nettle oil has a beneficial effect on metabolism, prevents the appearance of early gray hair.

Nettle root

A decoction of nettle roots eliminates boils, hemorrhoids, relieves swelling, root infusion is used as a heart remedy.

With a long-standing cough, roots boiled in sugar syrup will help. Nettle rhizome contains polysaccharides, steroids, lecithins, polysaccharides, scopoletin, lignans and ceramides. Nettle root is used as a folk remedy (infusion) against worms and diseases of the prostate gland.

Nettle root infusion: 1 tablespoon of crushed roots is poured with 1 glass of boiling water, infused for 1 hour. You need to drink 2-3 tablespoons of the infusion 3-4 times a day.

Watch the video: Stinging Nettle The Most Nutritious Plant On Earth? (February 2020).