Icelandic moss: medicinal properties and contraindications, the best recipes

Icelandic moss is one of the most useful representatives of the flora. This is a plant of the lichen group, which has a number of useful properties. Its use is indicated for various diseases, for weight loss and strengthening immunity. Consider what is Icelandic moss, medicinal properties, recipes, user reviews.


Healing properties

Icelandic moss has unique healing properties that allow you to quickly remove the negative damage to the bronchopulmonary system, and the contraindications to its use are minimal. Not only respiratory organs, but also the heart suffer from a prolonged cough. If the patient has a history of any pathology of the cardiovascular system, then the risks of complicating the general state of health increase.

Icelandic moss, the second name of Icelandic cetraria, allows you to cope with coughing attacks in a short time. Among the chemical components are proteins, lipids, volatile components that contribute to the analgesic, expectorant and soothing effect.

The healing properties of Icelandic moss:

  • healing and restoring functions are noted through the effects of healing mucus (approximately 70% of the total composition),
  • antimicrobial and regenerative features are high in the content of cetrara and usnic acid,
  • Stimulating and hemostatic effect is achieved thanks to tannin components and microelements.

The antiseptic and mitigating characteristics of the plant help reduce the negative damage to the nasopharynx and respiratory tract as a result of most viral and infectious pathologies.

Indications for use

The exceptional healing properties of Icelandic moss, if used properly, can cope with the clinical manifestations of almost all diseases of the bronchopulmonary system.

Bronchitis. Cetraria-based medicines are especially effective at the initial stage of the disease. Thick viscous sputum provokes protracted coughing attacks, which disappear after course therapy. Active components normalize blood microcirculation, envelop the affected mucous membranes and release the bronchi from pathogenic bacteria.

Allergic cough, bronchial asthma. Icelandic lichen has immunomodulatory properties. Helps recover after a long cough. Due to the gelling effect, it reduces the activity of receptors, relieves spasms, prevents the entry of pathogenic microflora into the respiratory system. It is recommended by herbalists as a prophylactic for asthma and allergies.

Doctors focus on the fact that Icelandic moss is prescribed only as part of the complex treatment of any cough. Refusal of medications in his favor is unacceptable, this is fraught with the development of complications of the disease.

Whooping cough. Medicinal components prevent the propagation of pathogenic microflora, eliminate the defeat of the trachea and bronchi, prevent necrotic formations. By taking medications based on cetraria, breathing is normalized, headaches are eliminated, muscle aches go away. Icelandic moss helps prevent the development of severe coughing attacks with whooping cough.

Tuberculosis. Moss is active in the fight against tubercle bacillus, but only in combination with prescribed drugs. As a result of its use, seizures are reduced, respiration is improved, lung tissue heals, and the body's defenses are activated. The regenerative properties of the plant accelerate the restoration of the organs of the bronchopulmonary system, eliminate any damage.

Application in traditional medicine

Cetraria in folk medicine has been used for several centuries. Initially, moss was prescribed for the treatment of tuberculosis, and a little later other beneficial properties of the plant were discovered.

Now Icelandic moss is closely adjacent to conventional medicines, showing excellent results of treatment. Moreover, cetraria is absolutely safe for health and non-toxic.


Contraindications

Icelandic moss cannot be considered a panacea for all pulmonary diseases. Doctors focus on the fact that with prolonged coughing without taking medications, it is impossible to eliminate the cause. Home treatment with moss for tuberculosis, malignant processes in the bronchopulmonary system is not effective. Do not do without intensive drug therapy and pneumonia.

With cough and bronchitis

One of the main purposes of cetraria is the treatment of cough and bronchitis. And Icelandic moss copes with this task perfectly. High efficiency is explained by the fact that the resulting mucus envelops inflamed areas, accelerating their recovery.

Icelandic moss makes a cough productive, improves sputum discharge. If the disease is accompanied by paroxysmal cough, then the plant helps to stop the attack and alleviate the patient's condition.

From cough, you can take cetraria in any form. Both decoctions and tinctures, and ointments, inhalations will do. If the disease is not started, then recovery occurs in 10-12 days.

Probable harm

Icelandic moss has the following contraindications:

  • acute bronchial asthma,
  • pathological disorders of intestinal tone,
  • constipation of a spastic nature,
  • autoimmune diseases,
  • gastritis, ulcerative colitis,
  • acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis.

You can not use Icelandic moss with an increase in hyperthermia from 39 degrees. The restrictions apply to patients with individual intolerance to the biologically active components of the plant. Contraindications apply to infants, up to 12 months.

With tuberculosis

This plant, surprising in its properties, helps to cure the open form of tuberculosis and reduce the number of relapses. Taking drugs with cetraria helps to heal foci of inflammation, reduce coughing and improve overall well-being. Icelandic moss strengthens the immune system and helps the body cope with the disease faster.

If the patient recently suffered tuberculosis and successfully cured, then to restore the body and prevent relapse, it is recommended to take cetrarium in the form of a decoction.


With diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Another popular area of ​​use of cetraria is gastroenterology. Reception of Icelandic moss is indicated for gastritis, ulcer, reflux and other pathologies.

The resulting mucus envelops the walls of the stomach, protecting it from the effects of medications, hot and irritating foods. Therefore, taking cetraria is recommended in the treatment of diseases with antibiotics.

With a cold

Treatment of chronic rhinitis should be carried out using Icelandic moss. The plant stimulates the immune system, increasing the body's resistance to viruses and bacteria. This helps to resist infectious diseases and get rid of a cold more quickly.

Many believe that for the treatment of a cold, you need to instill a decoction of cetraria in the nose. In fact, the drug is taken orally and saturates the body with the substances necessary to combat the disease.

Chemical composition

Icelandic moss is also called bread moss, Icelandic lichen, thorn, dry broom moss, scapula, pulmonary moss, although the exact name given to it by botanists sounds like Icelandic cetraria. This plant is quite well studied, since it was not one hundred years ago that they began to develop and, accordingly, apply it. In the countries of Northern Europe, already at the end of the 17th century, they began to use extracts from Icelandic moss as an anti-inflammatory agent in the treatment of wounds.

Antiseptic properties to the plant are given by its component such as sodium salt of usnic acid (or sodium usninat). In addition, in the composition of Icelandic moss, a number of acids also have a high ability to fight microbes - lichesterol, protolichesteric, fumarprotocenter and a small number of others. They perfectly resist streptococci, staphylococci and other microbes, have a tonic effect, but also give the plant a bitter taste.

About 70–80% of the chemical composition of Icelandic moss is carbohydrates, for the most part it is a lichenine polysaccharide, which is capable of forming glucose and water and isolechenin when it comes into contact with water. In addition, among the carbohydrates contained in cetraria there are monosaccharides: glucose and galactose.

There is ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) in Icelandic moss, and in a form that allows the human body to easily absorb it. This property of the plant was also used two centuries ago. In addition, in cetraria there is a crystalline organic compound naphthoquinone (juglon) with fungicidal and antibiotic properties. Proteins, fats, wax and 3% of pigments and gums, which chemists call soft fiber, can cleanse the body of toxins and have a beneficial effect on the digestive system, are also found in small amounts (about 0.5–2%).

From dysbiosis

One of the important healing properties of cetraria is the normalization of intestinal microflora. The plant restores the ratio of good and bad bacteria, making up for the shortage of the first. As a pleasant bonus - improving digestion, well-being and metabolism.

With dysbiosis, Icelandic moss can be taken for a long time. This is especially true for people who have developed thrush and other negative consequences against the background of the disease. But still, do not forget about the need to include fermented milk products in the diet and taking drugs that restore microflora.

How it looks and where it grows

Icelandic moss is not really moss at all. This is a typical representative of the Parmeliev family lichens. Like all lichens, it is not a single organism, but a product of the inextricable coexistence of two types of plant organisms - fungi and algae. Nerds call this union symbiosis.

The basis of the plant is the interweaving of the threads of mushrooms. On the surface they are intertwined densely, and in the lower layers it is more loose. In these layers, algae are localized between the filaments of the fungus. It turns out that algae cells are entwined with fungal threads. Thanks to this close relationship, the mushroom and algae feed each other: the first provides the second with water and mineral salts, and in return receives organic matter - carbohydrates.

Accordingly, in the struggle for existence, the lichen gains the strength of two organisms, which helps it survive in conditions that are unthinkable for other plants. Therefore, Icelandic moss grows on barren sandy soils and dunes, bare rocks, the bark of old trees. Neither strong winds, nor harsh environmental conditions care for him.

From the name it is clear that the first evidence of the plant appeared in Iceland, which, along with northern Scotland, Wales and southwestern Ireland, is its main habitat. But it is also found in pine forests, swamps, forest-tundra and tundra of Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia, in Russia most often in the European part of the country, but its colonies are also frequent in the Altai and Sayan mountains, in the Far East and on the slopes of the Caucasus Range. It is in Iceland that this lichen can cover the entire territory with continuous thickets, in other places of the planet it usually grows as separate islands, curtains and even single specimens. The plant develops slowly, over the years, and with the necessary prerequisite - clean air and the complete absence of factory emissions.

The body of Icelandic moss, like all lichens, is called the thallus. By its appearance, it is impossible to determine where one organ ends and another begins, like in other plants. For example, in grass, the boundaries between the stem and the leaf or the stem and color are quite distinct. This can not be said about centrality. Outwardly, the whole plant resembles low (not more than 10-15 cm) bushes, consisting of flat twigs, similar to blades of greenish-brown or brown color. These lobes are slightly bent upwards, have an irregularly ribbon-like shape, very soft to the touch, but rather elastic, leathery and cartilaginous in structure. If you turn on the imagination when looking at the plant, it is easy to see that Icelandic moss is very similar to the highly branched deer horns - but in miniature. At the very ends of these “horns”, spores form in saucer-shaped fruit bodies. Horns can be matte or shiny.

The lower part of the thallus, adjacent to the soil, rock and tree trunk, is much lighter - from light brown to white spots to almost white. Small breaks are observed on it, air freely flows through them.

Collection and storage

Icelandic moss is harvested in summer on dry, warm days. Thalli usually simply tear off the base to which they are attached, carefully select all the debris, and then dry. It is better, of course, to do this in the dryer, but another place will do, perhaps even just in the open, if the weather permits. It is a well-dried thallus that is suitable for further use. If you sniff, you can catch a slight smell with a slight bitter note, the same dried Icelandic moss will taste.

When the raw materials dry, they are laid out in cardboard boxes, wooden crates with paper laid on the bottom, wicker boxes or dry cans. Clean the container in a dark, dry, cool room. Under such conditions, it is stored for no more than two years.

It is not difficult to determine how good the dried material is: you just need to fill it with a small piece of cool water. Moss swells quite quickly, turns bright green and begins to emit a pleasant forest aroma. To the touch, a piece of moss should become slightly slippery, and the prepared broth begins to resemble a jelly.

For constipation

If you suffer from constipation, then try to take decoctions or infusions of cetraria. The plant improves intestinal motility, normalizes digestion and weakens stool. At the same time, diarrhea does not occur, so you can not worry about the strong relaxation of the stool.

The composition of Icelandic moss contains digestive enzymes that help food to be digested faster and better absorbed by nutrients. You can take decoctions of cetraria with almost any disease of the digestive system.


Overweight

Women and men who want to lose weight should take decoctions of cetraria. Its properties to accelerate metabolism and improve digestion help get rid of excess body fat and normalize body weight. Of course, the plant will act subject to the rules of healthy nutrition and exercise.

For women

Women always want to be beautiful and slim. Therefore, for most of them, cetraria-based products are interesting as an aid in losing weight or solving any cosmetic problems, which the plant copes well with. In fact, Icelandic moss has a deeper effect on the female body, as it is involved in debugging the precise functioning of the endocrine system.

Also, healing lichen is able to fight mastopathy and toxicosis. It is noted that the use of moss broths during breastfeeding increases lactation.

As a natural antibiotic, Icelandic moss can be used by women to get rid of bacterial inflammation of the vagina and urinary tract.

Cetraria Recipes

Traditional medicine offers a huge number of recipes for the preparation of cetraria for the treatment of various diseases. From Icelandic moss get a decoction, infusion, tincture, cream and even yogurt. Each prescription and form of the finished drug has its own characteristics.


For men

One of the components of Icelandic moss - usnic acid, which is called a powerful natural antibiotic, effectively copes with the problems of the genitourinary sphere. The bacteria that cause these infections are susceptible to its effects. The healers have noticed that a decoction of lichen in combination with lemon mint herb (lemon balm) helps to cure male diseases - prostatitis and prostate adenoma.

Tinctures

The most effective remedy is tincture of cetraria. She receives useful properties due to prolonged insistence. But you need to use the tincture carefully, excluding the reception:

  • in chronic alcoholism,
  • with diseases of the cardiovascular system,
  • in childhood.

To prepare the tincture you will need 1 liter of pure alcohol and 100 g. dry ground cetraria. Mix the ingredients and place in a jar or bottle with thick walls. Clean in a dark, cool place for 2 weeks.

Ready tincture to take 1-2 tablespoons a day, washed down with water. The course of treatment is 3-4 weeks. For more than 1 month, taking tincture is not recommended.

During pregnancy

Preparations based on cetraria are not contraindicated for pregnant women, since it does not contain dangerous, poisonous or harmful components that could harm the baby's health. Moreover, future mothers, having become ill with a sore throat or having a cold, prefer pharmacy synthetic antibiotics to the natural composition, which is lichen. It acts softer and has grown in ecologically sound areas. But the dosages of drugs and folk remedies should be slightly reduced.

The only thing you need to take care of is not to self-medicate. It is necessary to consult a doctor, since each disease during pregnancy should proceed under the supervision of doctors. There is one more remark - individual intolerance to cetraria is possible.

Decoctions

You can prepare decoctions in several ways, but the essence remains the same - 500 ml of water is required for 2 tablespoons of cetraria. You need to cook the plant no more than 30 minutes after boiling. Ready broth is cooled and filtered. You can store it no more than 2 days in the refrigerator.

It is recommended to take a decoction in ¼ cup 2-3 times a day before meals. The drink has a bitter taste, so it can be diluted with water or add lemon.

For children

History knows examples when entire nationalities used Icelandic moss to care for babies - it was used as diapers. Thanks to the antiseptic properties of lichen, the kids grew up healthy and did not know what diaper rash is.

Today, preparations based on Icelandic moss are mainly used for the treatment of pertussis, bronchitis and colds in children of different ages. It is not recommended only for children up to a year, and for the rest you can safely make a decoction and give a cough. Since the decoctions of this plant are bitter, children need to add honey to them. It is better to prepare medicinal compounds not in water, but in milk or kefir to soften the taste.

For example, if you mix a glass of kefir, 2 tablespoons of honey and the same amount of dry medicinal raw material with a blender, the child will not be capricious and refuse the medicine: it tastes good. Lichen-based syrups are also suitable for children: they drink sweet medicine with pleasure, and the benefits of it are incredible.

In addition, moss-based compounds treat children with scratches, wounds, abrasions, burns, various rashes.

When losing weight

The ability of cetraria to accelerate metabolism and trigger metabolic processes is used when taking funds based on it for weight loss.With a good metabolism, fat does not have a chance to be deposited somewhere on the sides or on the buttocks. Most effective in this case will work jelly made from this plant.

To prepare it, previously moss is soaked for the night in salt water so that the salt removes bitterness from it. 5 liters of water will require 3 tablespoons of salt. In the morning, the water is drained, 2 cups of well water and a half cup of moss are mixed in a pan and put on fire. On the stove, this mixture is cooked for a long time until the moss loses its structure and the contents of the pan become homogeneous. Cool and drink 30 ml once a day.

Naturally, with the help of only taking the lichen, it will not be possible to lose weight. You can not do without sports training and the organization of proper nutrition. But Icelandic moss is completely on the side of people seeking to lose weight: it will help to moderate cravings for sweets, and reduce puffiness. Accordingly, it will become easier to engage in physical exercises, which will lead to the purification of the lungs, and this will trigger the desire to increase sports loads. If you follow all the points of this plan, then after a month you can see dramatic changes in the mirror, since moss allows throwing from 5 to 10 kg during this period.

In addition to drinking kissel from lichen, you can add a chopped plant directly to food. Enough even a small pinch a day to start the process of burning fat.

You can also take a decoction prepared in the following proportion: a tablespoon of moss in half a liter of water. Boil for half an hour, strain, cool. Drink half an hour before meals in the morning and evening in a glass. But tinctures, like alcohol-containing drugs, are not recommended for weight loss.

Botanical characteristic

It should be noted that it is more correct to call this plant not moss, but lichen. It is, in fact, a living organism consisting of mushroom threads and green algae. It is a small bush, reaching a height of 15 cm, - with a leaf thallus, forked, with grooved, curved lobes, similar to deer horns.

The thallus has a different color: brown, olive-green, brown, greenish-gray, with white spots, light brown. It depends on the area and weather conditions. Thalli are attached to tree trunks, ground or old stumps with rhizoids (special hairs). This is a polymorphic species, in other words, its blade sizes and color depend on humidity and light.

Cetraria grows slowly and in ecologically clean places. Lichen actively responds to contaminated water, soil, air. This is a specific indicator of cleanliness. But when the ecosystem is disturbed, Icelandic moss gradually dies.

Icelandic moss in folk medicine

The traditions of the use of Icelandic moss for medicinal purposes come from the XVII century. Then there were no antibiotics and other powerful drugs, and the pharmacists of Iceland and Denmark already used the plant to treat cough and get rid of digestive system problems.

Closer attention and scrupulous study of the action of lichen allowed folk healers to discover amazing properties in it, including the ability to cope with tuberculosis, or, as it was called then, consumption, from which there was no escape. Since then, recipes for medicinal potions were carefully stored by the sorcerers and passed on to students. To this day, traditional medicine considers cetraria one of the most useful plants.

The mucous broth obtained by cooking lichen can be used in the treatment of literally all body systems - from the respiratory and digestive to the genitourinary, from getting rid of the common cold or diarrhea to solving complex problems such as tuberculosis, oncology, pneumonia, asthma. He also successfully copes with wounds, burns, purulent abscesses on the skin.

In addition to performing medical tasks, Icelandic moss is used by traditional healers for preventive purposes: it strengthens the body, gives it strength, and boosts immunity. It is especially useful for emaciated, weakened people.

Spread

Deer moss prefers forest tundra, alpine tundra, swamps, peat bogs, coniferous forests with large sunny areas. It also survives well on stony ground. In addition to the Eurasian continent, it is often found in North America, Australia and Africa.

Where does it grow with us? Basically, it can be found in the forest-tundra, in the Far East, as well as in the highlands of Sayan and Altai. In the European part it can be found in the forests of Karelia, the Arkhangelsk, Leningrad, Bryansk and Kostroma regions.

Billet

Cetraria forms thickets, often grows with lichens of other species. Due to the fact that this valuable species grows slowly and dies out in an unfavorable environment, a gentle collection is recommended for it.

It is better to collect in the fall or in the summer. It is important that the weather is dry. Wet lichen is very difficult to dry. There are healers who believe that this plant can be collected all year.

Moss needs to be dried quickly in order to maximize the preservation of useful substances. Knowledgeable people advise doing this in open space and in the wind. But excessive sunlight affects the healing properties of this plant negatively. With high humidity, it can be dried in attics and verandas. Raw materials for this are laid out in small linen bags, hidden from dampness and sunlight.

With diabetes

Studies conducted by scientists in Yakutia indicate that peoples who have been using Icelandic moss for hundreds of years have never had diabetes.

Researchers attribute this phenomenon to the ability of a lichen to remove from the body not only poisons and salts of heavy metals, but also cholesterol, as well as excess glucose. For those who live far from the places of growth of Icelandic moss and therefore excommunicated from its presence in the daily diet, it is important that it not only helps lower blood sugar, but also has a diuretic effect. And this is essential for diabetics, because in this way edema decreases, blood flow improves, and accordingly, the risk of formation of trophic ulcers characteristic of this disease on the legs decreases.

For those who have developed such ulcers, lichen will help to heal them and reduce the risk of streptococcal or staphylococcal infection entering these wounds.

With pancreatitis

Cetraria drugs can be used in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis, but do not do this at the time of exacerbation of the disease. It is useful to use the drug as a prophylactic composition, especially in cases where the synthesis of gastric juice is reduced.

To prepare such a tool, 1 tablespoon of dry lichen is stirred in 250 ml of kefir, add 1 teaspoon of honey, mix well again and let it brew for 15 minutes. Drink the composition during dinner. It contributes to the healing of not only the pancreas, but also the intestinal and liver microflora.

When pancreatitis is complicated, stones can form in the pancreas. Doctors call this condition pancreatitis. It is characterized by severe girdle pain in the abdomen, which is felt both dull and acute. It is capable, as patients usually say, of “giving” to the right or left side, or even to the lower back.

With the help of the infusion of Icelandic moss, stones can be broken. For this, several tablespoons of dry raw material are poured into a glass of apple cider vinegar, mixed and left to brew in a cool dark place for two days. Take an infusion before bedtime, diluting 1 teaspoon of the product in a glass of water.

Description

Icelandic moss, or Cetraria islandica (Icelandic cetraria), is a plant of the Lichen family.The distribution area of ​​this species is very extensive: from the tundra zone to the mountainous regions. It grows well on peatlands, in pine forests, dunes, in the high mountain moss-lichen tundra.

It is found both on the soil and on the bark of old trees, on stumps. The thallus of moss up to 15 cm in height resembles a loose sod that forms a continuous carpet on the soil. The leaves are dense, twisted, resembling deer antlers. In a humid climate, they acquire an olive color, and in a dry one, the plant turns brown.

More than two hundred years ago, Icelandic moss was very popular in medicine in many countries. Then, when the first information appeared about such classes of organic substances as alkaloids, which were attributed to the healing effect of many medicinal plants, Cetraria islandica gradually came out of medical use as a plant that did not contain any active substances known to medicine, and was used only in traditional medicine.

And only in 1947, antibiotic properties were discovered in the plant, i.e. ability to kill many types of pathogenic microorganisms, including tubercle bacillus. It turned out that lichen acids have antibiotic properties in moss.

Collection and Harvesting

For therapeutic purposes, the thallus of the plant is widely used, which is harvested throughout the summer period. Raw materials come off the soil, tree bark with hands or with a wooden rake. Then it is cleaned of impurities: other lichens, mosses, sand.

You can dry the plant in the sun or in dryers with good ventilation. You can store the dried thallus in a paper bag in a dry room. Shelf life - from 1 year to 2 years.

Icelandic moss: healing properties

Many substances useful to the human body are found in the thallus of Icelandic moss: 3-5% organic acids, 80% carbohydrates. Up to 2% of fats, 3% of proteins, 1% of wax, 3.6% of gum were found in the plant. It contains a lot of vitamin B12, which is responsible for the immune system, protects against stress, strengthens hair and nails.

In Russian folk medicine, the thallus of Icelandic moss was used for bronchial asthma, colds, whooping cough, laryngitis and pulmonary tuberculosis. The presence of biologically active components leads to various uses of the thallus.

In the form of decoctions or infusions, it is used for diseases of the stomach, intestines, respiratory organs, to increase appetite, as a tonic. Often, medicinal raw materials are used for digestive disorders.

Before undertaking the preparation of medicinal decoctions, infusions and alcohol tinctures, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Only a specialist will determine the dosage of the drug that you need. And, of course, you cannot do herbal medicine without knowing the exact diagnosis of your disease.

Pharmacy preparations

Some pharmacy medicines from Icelandic moss are allowed to be prescribed on their own, but many of them require medical advice. We offer you a small cheat sheet.

Drug nameCompositionActContraindications
Gerbion
Icelandic Syrup
moss
Thick water
moss extract
+ auxiliary
substance
Makes breathing easier, softens
intrusive, dry
cough has
expectorant
effect
Syrup not
assigned
newborn
kids up to a year
Isla moos
Pastilles for
resorption
Water extract
icelandic moss
With dry cough, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, hoarseness, unpleasant sensations in the throat, to strengthen immunityChildren under 4 years old
Warm Cream with Icelandic MossBear fat, beeswax, honey, calendula, eucalyptusApply to wounds and cracks, when coughing, rub the chest area, smear sore jointsIndividual intolerance to cream components
Icelandic moss (dry raw materials)Thallus of Icelandic CetrariaFor the preparation of infusions, decoctions, tincturesPregnancy, lactation, gastritis with high acidity, stomach ulcer
Sodium usninate (crystalline powder)Usnic acid isolated from lichenEffective antimicrobial agent, applied externally for burns, cracks, woundsNot

With gastritis

Icelandic moss with little effort helps with problems with the digestive system, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. To do this, you can use both traditional decoctions of the plant, and delicious breakfasts based on it, which you need to take in courses of 30-40 days. In the prepared compositions inherent in the lichen bitterness is not felt.

  1. Muesli with cetraria. In 1 kg of ordinary storey granola (you can take any that you are used to and who like) add a glass of dried and crushed medicinal raw materials in a blender, mix. Each morning, a portion of such a mixture is poured either with milk, or cream, or fermented baked milk and eaten for breakfast.
  2. Yogurt with cetraria. To prepare healing yogurt, a tablespoon of Icelandic moss is placed in a glass of kefir, mixed and wait 5 minutes. The useful product is ready. You can add 1 teaspoon of honey or five-minute jam from blueberries, currants - it will generally be very tasty! Drink in the evenings, about an hour before bedtime. By the way, this tool, in addition to healing the pancreas, will also help in losing weight.

Infusions

The infusion of Icelandic moss is drunk for colds, diseases of the oral cavity, and diarrhea.

For the treatment of periodontal disease. Infusion externally taken for rinsing the oral cavity. Conduct the procedure half an hour before meals. Cooking: Pour 1 handful of raw materials with boiling water (400 ml), stand for 30 minutes, filter.

From chronic constipation. 1 cup of crushed raw materials pour 2 liters of water, stand for 24 hours. Take 200 ml 3 times a day.

DFor the treatment of a cold. One tablespoon of moss, sage, St. John's wort, pour water, leave for 3 hours. In the evening (before going to bed) rinse your nose, gargle. You can make inhalation, breathe over the hot infusion until it cools, no more than 10 minutes.

Against cough

Cough formulations are made from just one Icelandic moss, and combine it with other herbs.

  1. Cough Remedy. It is cooked in an enameled ladle, where a glass of milk is poured. Put on low heat and fall asleep 1 tablespoon of dried lichen raw material. For half an hour, keep the mixture on a plate closed with a saucer or plate (a metal lid is not recommended), stirring it if necessary. Take the composition hot, before going to bed drinking 2-3 sips.
  2. Composition with thyme. Take quite a bit (about half a teaspoon) of lichen and thyme, pour 250 ml of boiling water. This composition is insisted for 5 minutes, after which it is filtered and drunk 3 times a day in a glass.
  3. With the addition of honey. Pour 200 ml of cold water into a saucepan and pour 2 tablespoons of dried moss, bring to a boil and keep on low heat for an hour. By the end of this time, the contents of the pan should look like jelly. To the composition is not bitter, add 1 tablespoon of honey. Drink the finished medicine warm, 2-3 sips. During the day, you need to drink the entire portion prepared.

From allergies

To cope with allergies will help decoction, which can be taken orally, and wipe them with irritated places on the skin.

A good handful (approximately 40-50 g) of dried medicinal raw material is poured with cool water for 2 hours. After which the water is drained and poured into the same container with swollen raw materials 500 ml of boiling water and boiled for 25-30 minutes with a gentle flame. Drink in the morning, on an empty stomach, 100 ml.

Icelandic moss in cosmetology

A sufficient amount of tonic components makes it possible to widely use Icelandic moss in cosmetology. Purifying lotions, natural soap are prepared from it.

From acne, with weakened hair and the first signs of skin aging.Wipe your face with lotion 2 times a day, rinse hair after washing.

Cooking: dry crushed lichen (40 g) pour boiling water (200 ml). Stay on fire for 10 minutes, cool and filter. Store the lotion in a glass bottle with a tight stopper on the shelf of the refrigerator.

Soap for cleansing and repairing the skin. Using a grater, make chips from children's soap and melt it in a water bath. Make a milk-based broth by adding chopped thallus. Pour the cooked broth into the melted soap. Remove from the stove, pour into molds, adding a little essential oil and pharmacy glycerin. Sprinkle soap on top with alcohol. Leave to solidify.

Icelandic Moss: contraindications

The idea of ​​taking drugs with Icelandic moss will have to be abandoned if you had, have, or, according to doctors, these diseases are possible in the near future:

    digestion, liver disease, asthma, cholecystitis and pancreatitis, gastritis and ulcerative colitis, too “active” intestines, spastic constipation.

It is impossible to consider Icelandic moss and medicines from it as drugs for therapy. They are contraindicated in autoimmune diseases, tuberculosis, malignant tumors and pneumonia. Use with extreme caution during pregnancy, lactation and in childhood.

The article selected the most effective decoctions, infusions and tinctures of Icelandic moss. They improve asthma, flu, diseases of the throat, respiratory tract, various disorders of the intestines and digestion. Useful infusion is used for dry cough, sore throat, colds and flu as a diaphoretic and diuretic.

Outwardly, a thallus broth is used to rinse with gum disease, stomatitis, periodontal disease, and also with angina. Pharmacy preparations such as Herbion syrup, lozenges for resorption, and warming cream are very popular.

Overdose

Icelandic moss has the ability to cause allergies, with a predisposition of the body to inadequate reactions to plant components. This warning is especially true for children. The risk group consists of elderly people with a weakened immune system during an exacerbation of chronic pathologies.

The negative impact of Icelandic moss on the health status of children and pregnant women has not been scientifically proven. However, before using it is necessary to consult with your doctor.

Uncontrolled intake of funds, which include Icelandic moss, can lead to diarrhea and problems with the work of the esophagus. An overdose causes migraines, stomach cramps, bloating. Icelandic moss is undoubtedly useful and has a number of cough healing properties, but prolonged use or increased dosages can cause side effects.

General recommendations

Through strong mucolytic effects, Icelandic moss liquefies mucus in the bronchi and lungs, quickly eliminates it, and even a lingering cough stops it. In addition, natural components cover the tissues of the respiratory tract with a kind of film, which prevents the re-entry of viruses and bacteria. The plant is used for inhalation, rinsing, ingestion.

Pharmaceuticals (lozenges, tablets, syrups) reduce the symptoms of diseases of the nasal cavity, throat. Icelandic moss is characterized by medicinal properties that positively affect the endocrine and digestive systems. It has a positive effect on the body with obesity, neurotic disorders, mastopathy, acne.

Characteristic signs

Icelandic cetraria is the correct botanical name for Icelandic moss. Contrary to popular belief, cetraria is not moss, but lichen, from the Parmelia family. It is a short bush, greenish-brown in color. Depending on the growing conditions, it can have either a straight or creeping, branched stem.Lichen has no leaves, they are replaced by narrow leathery blades framed by cilia. On the wrong side, each lobe is covered with white spots through which the cetrarium absorbs air. At the base of the blade dull, bright red. A fully formed lichen is called a thallus. Its appearance is presented in the photo.

Biologically, Icelandic moss is not quite a plant. It is a symbiont of microscopic fungi and algae. Cetraria is an epiphyte, that is, it does not have a pronounced root system. The plant is able to change the color and shape of the thallus. With a lack of moisture or lighting, the lichen acquires a dark brown hue, the blades extend and become narrower.

IMPORTANT! There is a common mistake in the name. Icelandic moss is often called Spanish, which is not true.

Therapy for cough in children

Icelandic moss has medicinal properties for coughing in a child. It is undesirable to give a remedy to a baby up to 1 year old. It is contraindicated to use drugs based on cetraria for allergic reactions to plant components. Treatment of a child without consulting a pediatrician is not allowed.

The specific bitter taste of Icelandic moss can be muffled by adding milk or honey to the finished medicine. The optimal course of treatment with pharmacy drugs is prescribed by the doctor. Giving decoctions or infusions to children at home in a continuous course is recommended no more than 10 days.

During pregnancy

Icelandic moss has a wide range of medicinal properties, and contraindications when used during child bearing are minimal. It is undesirable to take the drug in the presence of allergic reactions to medicinal herbs. Therapy with cetraria during pregnancy is carried out after consulting a doctor.

Dosages of home remedies should not be too high. Drinking medicinal decoctions is shown 1-2 times a day 30 minutes after a meal. For 200 ml of boiled water, take 2 tsp. dry lichen raw materials. Insist 15 minutes, filter and drink.

For constipation

For constipation and intestinal problems, traditional medicine recommends preparing a healing extract from lichen.

100 g of crushed dry moss pour 1 liter of water and leave for a day. After 24 hours, drain the water into an enameled pan and place it in a water bath. Keep until the volume of water is halved. Store the resulting extract in the refrigerator, and drink 1 tablespoon half a hour before meals.

You can normalize the stool with the simplest infusion, when the crushed moss needs only to be poured with boiled water (2 liters of water per glass of raw materials). You can drink it already in a day - 3 times a day in a small glass (200 ml).

The best folk recipes for cough

Icelandic moss has preventive and therapeutic properties for coughing any etiology. The plant is brewed or insisted by adding lemon, milk, honey, ginger. For antitussive purposes, moss is combined with plantain, thyme, marshmallow. With the permission of the attending physician, parallel administration of folk remedies with mucolytic and expectorant drugs is possible.

Pharmachologic effect

Grass Icelandic moss healing properties has the following:

  • enveloping
  • antibacterial
  • soothing
  • expectorant
  • choleretic
  • emollient
  • tonic
  • restorative
  • wound healing
  • stimulating appetite,
  • cleansing
  • immunostimulating.

The plant contains such beneficial substances:

  • trace elements and mineral salts,
  • carbohydrates
  • bitterness
  • mucus (isolychenin, lichenin),
  • wax,
  • fats
  • organic acids
  • volatiles.

The healing properties of Icelandic moss are explained by a high content of galactose and glucose. This medicine, as well as valuable energy food that can save from hunger. In addition, this plant is famous for its high content of enzymes, iodine, vitamins.Organic usninovaya acid, which is part of it, is a natural antibiotic.

Cough

Icelandic moss has shown cough healing properties to people for a long time. This is its main application, recognized in scientific and traditional medicine. Usnic acid prevents the multiplication of tubercle bacillus, therefore, it is the most effective herbal remedy that helps with this disease. In addition, it can be used for bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, whooping cough. Cetraria effectively softens cough, eliminates its attacks. In addition, it is able to suppress streptococcal, staphylococcal activity, it helps well with a cold of a bacterial and viral nature.

With asthma

Icelandic moss is also recommended for patients with bronchial asthma, but not at the time of exacerbation. Regular intake of lichen decoction will help strengthen immunity, help cleanse the body, and as a result, it will positively affect the course of asthma.

For such a healing composition, you just need to fill the medicinal raw material with hot water and boil a little. For 3 tablespoons of dried moss, take 600 ml of water. The resulting broth is the daily norm, it must be drunk in three doses during the day.

Infusion on the water

Therapeutic tea for cough and sore throat is prepared based on 1 liter of water 1 tbsp. l lichen. Pour the mixture with boiling water and keep it under the lid in a ceramic or porcelain bowl for 30 minutes. Take such a drink in a warm form in small portions throughout the day. The course is 3-5 days.

As a basis for brewing, a more concentrated composition of 500 ml of boiling water and 2 tbsp. l chopped moss. You can brew both in a teapot and in a thermos. Store no longer than a day. For 200 ml of boiling water of such an elixir, you need to add 20-30 ml. For children, the dosage is reduced to 1 tsp. Drinking cough tea is shown 3-4 times a day after meals.

For digestive problems

We examined above the healing properties of Icelandic moss. It is also worth noting that Icelandic cetraria contains a huge amount of mucus, which gives a calming, enveloping effect. Therefore, it is good to drink it in case of digestive disorders, inflammation of the digestive tract. Effectively this remedy for infectious diarrhea, stomach ulcer. It acts as an excellent choleretic agent, due to the high content of bitterness and enzymes improves digestion, stimulates intestinal motility, increases appetite.

With a cold

With colds, when it runs from the nose, it perspires in the throat, coughing begins, timely use of Icelandic moss can affect the whole complex of symptoms and prevent the disease from developing. To avoid complications after a cold, Icelandic moss is brewed in milk, for which 1 teaspoon of raw material is boiled with a glass of milk for 15 minutes and drunk hot. You need to repeat this procedure at least 2 times a day, and in the morning you can feel much better. Such a composition will help children get rid of cough faster.

Mucous broth

In an enameled container for 1 liter of water, take 2 tbsp. l crushed raw Icelandic lichen. The mixture is simmering for at least 90 minutes. Then the resulting composition must be filtered and left under the lid for another half hour. The consistency of the drug is quite thick. It is indicated to be added to any herbal tea or green tea. You can mix with warm milk, honey or take 2 tablespoons 15-20 minutes before eating.

With angina

Icelandic moss helps people to cope with tonsillitis in two ways. Firstly, it enhances immunity and increases the body's defenses. Secondly, it has a mild anti-inflammatory effect. If you have a sore throat, it is easiest to put a small piece of moss in your mouth and nibble it lightly, and suck and swallow the resulting juices a little. Traditional medicine considers cetraria one of the most effective remedies for angina.

Habitat and features of growth

The plant is distributed throughout the world, but is more common in the northern regions. It grows in all climatic zones except arid regions. Cetraria also grows in Russia, over fairly vast territories. It can be met both in the central region and in Siberia, the Far East and the Caucasus. In Ukraine, Icelandic moss is found in the left bank of the country.

Lichen prefers sandy soils, on which it forms entire thickets. Prefers well-drained soil and lighting, does not tolerate drought. It is located on the border of forests, on open tundra spaces and on peatlands. He especially likes to settle in pine forests.

Icelandic moss, like any other lichen, is a kind of indicator of the ecological situation. It grows only in areas where there is no pollution of water and soil layer, and harmful emissions into the atmosphere are minimal. If the pollution increases, the lichen dies out quickly.

Pharmacological properties

Icelandic moss has distinctive healing properties. This is due to its unique composition, which is rich in vitamins, minerals, nutrients.

It has the following positive effects:

  • disinfectant
  • painkiller
  • choleretic
  • expectorant
  • tonic
  • antibacterial
  • contributes to the improvement of metabolic processes,
  • accelerates cell regeneration,
  • slows down the aging process
  • strengthens the immune system, the body's natural protective functions,
  • has a sedative effect.

In folk medicine, Icelandic moss is used in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, infections of the oral cavity, skin diseases, colds, and is used to normalize sleep, reduce depression, and also with tuberculosis.

Icelandic cetraria has a wide range of therapeutic effects.

Alcohol tincture

Icelandic moss for infusion using vodka or alcohol is used in a dry, ground form. At the same time, its healing properties do not decrease, and the quality of the drink becomes better. You can not use this tool for pregnant women, children and people with alcohol addiction. For 500 ml of strong drink take 4-5 tbsp. l raw materials.

The thoroughly mixed mixture is placed in a dark glass dish and stored for at least a week in a dark place. After 7-10 days, the drink is filtered through a clean cloth. Take 15-20 drops per day with dry unproductive cough. The general course of therapy is 2 weeks.

With sinusitis

To get a good, high-quality remedy for the treatment of chronic runny nose, which is characterized by sinusitis, in addition to Icelandic moss, Japanese sophora, St. John's wort and sage are required. Take 2 tablespoons of sage, all other plants, including moss - 1 each. Boil the mixture in 1 liter of water for half an hour, cool and only then filter the broth. Before going to bed, the nasal passages are washed with the obtained product using a rubber bulb.

Recipe with milk

Icelandic moss with milk is indicated in the treatment of pertussis, bronchitis and respiratory infections in children. The combination of components helps to reduce coughing attacks, the rapid removal of mucus from the respiratory system. For one glass of milk, 10 g of dry raw materials are used. After boiling, the liquid must be kept on low heat for 25-30 minutes. Cool, filter and drink before going to bed. The tool retains its healing properties for 48 hours.

For an adult with a prolonged cough, the frequency of administration can be increased up to 3 times, for a child up to 2 times a day. Children under 12 years of age are recommended to add 1 tsp. To a glass of healing milk. flower or linden honey. During pregnancy and lactation, the maximum dosage is 100 ml 2 times a day or 200 ml at night. In a glass of a medicinal drink, it is permissible to dissolve 0.5 tsp. honey.

With prostatitis

The ability of cetraria to treat prostatitis has been known for a long time.Just as long ago, both traditional medicine and official medicine have recommended Icelandic moss not as an independent tool, but as part of a comprehensive treatment of the disease, which helps to accelerate the restoration of normal body functions. For this purpose, it is not necessary to take large volumes of healing broth, just 2 tablespoons before each meal. It is not difficult to prepare the broth: pour 2 tablespoons of lichen into 700 ml and boil for 10 minutes.

From worms

Eskimos and other northern peoples with the help of Islan moss not only healed wounds, burns or got rid of abscesses, but also fought inflammation and even used lichen to expel intestinal worms and other parasites. However, modern researchers are sure that cetraria itself does not have a decisive effect on eggs, larvae and adult worms, which allows us to claim the ability to expel parasites. But you need to take them for this purpose, because in combination with the anthelmintic medicines that the doctor prescribes, the moss will accelerate the elimination of human “settlers”, since it has an enveloping property that will improve the condition of the intestine.

Therapeutic effect and methods of treatment

How useful and does Icelandic moss have healing properties? Recipes, reviews about which you have heard, have an effective effect in various diseases and pathologies. In folk medicine, it is used as an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agent, recipes come in the form of tea, decoctions and tinctures. Icelandic moss is used, the indications for the use of which are quite extensive in the following cases:

Restorative

It is worth noting that laboratory studies have shown that usnic acid also has effective immunostimulating properties. Such a tool strengthens the immune system well, which means that it is prescribed after serious illnesses and surgeries for quick tissue regeneration and body recovery.

With cystitis

Cystitis is known to every woman. Many people know how hard this disease is tolerated, how much pain and unpleasant minutes it delivers. To alleviate the condition, you need to make a product based on milk and Icelandic moss. Darken 1 cup of milk with 1 tablespoon of cetraria for 10 minutes on low heat on a stove. Insist an hour, then strain and drink hot. After such a remedy, the night will pass quietly, the pain will gradually subside, and the constant urge to urinate will stop. This method will help with other diseases of the genitourinary sphere - pyelonephritis and urethritis.

With bronchopulmonary diseases

Usnic acid contained in lichen is the strongest natural antibiotic. It is effective even against Koch's bacillus, the causative agent of tuberculosis. In folk medicine, a decoction is used that softens the cough, helping to thin the sputum and makes it easier to expectorate. It is used as part of complex treatment for bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, whooping cough and tuberculosis.

Means for pathologies of the respiratory system

Recipe 1. Relieve the condition of the patient with bronchitis, pneumonia or during the treatment of bronchial asthma, will help decoction of Icelandic moss. How to brew a plant? Traditional broth is prepared as follows:

  • 2 tbsp. l dry moss pour 400 ml. boiling water.
  • Boil slowly in a water bath for at least 5 minutes.
  • Cool the prepared broth for 30 minutes, then strain twice.

It is necessary to use a decoction of moss in a warm form. Drink 3 times a day, before meals, 100 ml. The course of treatment is from 5 days to 1 month.

Recipe 2. Icelandic moss helps with cough, emphysema and pulmonary tuberculosis, when the decoction is prepared using the following technology:

  • 2 tbsp. l crush dry raw materials, add 400 ml. milk, 1 tbsp. l honey and 1 tbsp. l butter.
  • Bring the mixture slowly to a boil in a water bath.
  • Strain and drink the broth warm, in the morning and before bedtime, in an amount of 200 ml (1 cup).Continue treatment for no more than 15 days.
  • Tea with cetraria and coltsfoot can cure even a strong cough. It is good to drink with whooping cough and obstructive bronchitis. Brew in a glass (boiling water) ½ tsp. moss and ½ tsp coltsfoot. After 10 minutes, strain, and dilute 200 ml. boiled water. You need to drink in small sips, with every bout of coughing.

For weight loss

Cetraria is also used for weight loss. This property is determined by the ability of Icelandic moss to regulate metabolic processes and improve them. In this case, it is recommended to take not tincture or tea, but jelly based on moss.

When mixed with water, Icelandic moss gives off mucus that is reminiscent of jelly.

To prepare jelly, you need to mix half a glass of water with 1.5-2 cups of clean filtered water. The mixture is cooked on a stove until the moss is completely dissolved. The mixture should be homogeneous.

By nature, cetraria has a bitter taste.To get rid of it, you need to soak the moss overnight in water with the addition of salt. 3-3.5 tablespoons are taken for 5 liters of water.

Icelandic Cetraria Used For Weight Loss

With inflammation of the digestive tract

The mucus that is part of the Icelandic moss envelops the damaged mucous membrane of the stomach or intestines, facilitating digestion and promoting healing. The antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the plant allow the treatment of stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers. With toxicosis, a decoction of cetraria envelops the stomach, preventing vomiting spasms. Usnic acid allows you to get rid of gastritis, destroying its pathogen - the Helicobacter pylori bacterium (Helicobacter pylori). The bitterness of the cetrara group stimulates appetite and digestive activity.

Moss Elixirs

Icelandic moss is the main ingredient for a cough elixir. It is prescribed to children starting from 1 year. Medicinal substances of the drug contribute to the appearance of a protective film on the mucous membranes of the bronchi and lungs, which reduces the number of painful attacks.

The syrup is prescribed for prophylactic purposes to patients with increased sports and increased loads on the vocal cords. Recommended intake - 4 times a day. Children 60 mg, adults 360 mg. The average course of therapy is about 5 days, the specific dosage is prescribed by the attending physician.

Tincture

Traditional healers offer to take alcohol tincture from Icelandic moss, not only as a remedy, but also as a preventive. In order to prevent tincture, drink the course. In a year, you must complete 2 courses lasting two to three weeks each. Also, healers say, this is an indispensable tool for treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, improving appetite, getting rid of a strong, suffocating cough. To prepare a healing tincture, 40 g of moss is poured into a glass of 60% alcohol. Insist the drug in a dark place for 7 days. Take 2 times a day: 10-15 drops are dripped into 1 tablespoon, diluting them with water to the brim.

Treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal tract

Recipe 1. For the treatment of gastritis, gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, take a decoction. It is made from both dried and fresh moss. 4 tbsp. l Cetraria is poured into 600 ml. water and boil over low heat, for 10 minutes, with the lid closed. The broth is drunk before meals, during the day, dividing it into 3 parts.

Recipe 2. Stimulate digestion and peristalsis will help kissel from Icelandic moss. It is boiled like this:

  • 3 tbsp. l dried moss and 1 tbsp. l honey pour 700 ml of cold water.
  • The mixture is infused for 1.5 hours, then slowly brought to a boil.
  • Ready jelly is immediately filtered and drunk warm while eating.

Recipe 3. For diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and diarrhea, you can resort to using alcohol tincture. To prepare it, 200 ml of medical alcohol are added to 40 g of cetraria. Insist the product in a tightly sealed container, at least 10 days in a dark, cool place.Take tincture before meals, no more than 15 drops.

Lozenges, lozenges, tablets

In the fight against the manifestations of colds and coughs, lozenges and lozenges can be used. Drugs are dispensed without a doctor’s prescription and are allowed to receive from 4 years. The natural composition allows you to cope with perspiration and sore throat, with coughing attacks for 7 days. It is recommended that children dissolve 1 plate every 2 hours, adults an hour later.

With external damage to the skin

The use of Icelandic moss in folk medicine makes it possible to effectively treat skin damaged by burns, or in the presence of wounds, ulcers, acne, dermatitis. Icelandic moss polysaccharides have a starch fraction. When applied to the skin, polysaccharides, in conjunction with mucus and usnic acid, provide an enveloping effect, antiseptic and healing effect. Damaged skin is washed with traditional decoction of cetraria. Compresses and lotions regularly applied to the affected areas also help.

Cosmetology

What is the use of moss in cosmetology? This tool is prescribed in the form of infusions or decoctions for various facial skin problems: acne, acne, boils. Cetraria is known for its tonic, antiseptic, antibacterial and emollient properties. With problem skin, water infusions can be used in the form of a lotion. The composition has a huge supply of minerals and vitamins - iron, manganese, nickel, boron, zinc, copper, molybdenum. Therefore, it is useful to drink such decoctions to strengthen and grow hair.

Warming Ointments

The healing properties of Icelandic moss allow pharmaceutical companies to produce highly effective warming ointments. Drugs based on it are prescribed for patients with viral and colds. Ointments have a specific smell and a creamy consistency of a light shade. The main purpose of the heating mixtures:

  • Icelandic moss has a calming effect, relieves pain,
  • Bear fat activates blood microcirculation, has a warming effect,
  • herbal extracts reduce inflammatory and bacterial processes,
  • bee nectar and wax soften, act as an antiseptic.

The multifunctional effect of the cream, which includes Icelandic moss, allows it to be used for any type of cough. You can not use with individual intolerance to the components of the drug. The course of treatment for cough is 7-10 days. Lubricate the chest and back area with a thin layer immediately before going to bed.

Features of Icelandic Moss

Icelandic moss is a real storehouse of nutrients, vitamins, minerals. For this, he is highly regarded both in folk and traditional medicine.

Many cough medicines are based on cetraria and can be used by both children and adults.

The main feature of Icelandic is the content of the natural antibiotic usnic acid.

Usnic acid - the main component of Icelandic moss, is widely used in medicine

Syrup

In the autumn-winter period, when colds are not uncommon, syrup with Icelandic moss will help out. It is used for coughing, and is prepared on the basis of an extract of cetraria, adding additional components. An extract is a saturated mucous decoction of a plant. It is mixed with honey or sugar. The result is a pleasant taste with a high concentration of nutrients that can cure a cough in 7-10 days. Honey for the preparation of a medicinal product is more useful than sugar, since it also has an antimicrobial effect. But it should not be given to children under two years of age.

Cough syrup
To prepare syrup with Icelandic moss, you need to prepare a decoction: add 250 ml of water to 1 tablespoon of dry raw materials and boil for 15 minutes. Strain the broth hot, cool slightly and stir with honey: for 1 part of the broth, take 3 parts of honey.Heat the mixture in a water bath, stirring constantly, until the honey becomes completely liquid. The syrup is ready!

With inflammation of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and nasopharynx

The antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect of Icelandic moss is used to treat stomatitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis and a runny nose. To do this, prepare a tool with which the nose is washed, 3 times a day. The composition of the liquid, in addition to cetraria, includes St. John's wort perforated, sage and Japanese Sophora. All ingredients are taken in equal proportions (1 tbsp. L each), the mixture is poured with boiling water and boiled for 20 minutes, over very low heat. The broth is cooled and carefully filtered.

Pharmacy extracts

Icelandic moss is included in the composition of alcoholic plant extracts. Medicines are prescribed for acute viral diseases. The healing properties extend to a severe dry cough with difficult discharge of mucus. The pharmacotherapeutic effect is to enhance the release of sputum from the respiratory tract, an antispasmodic effect on the tissues of the bronchi.

The active components of the alcoholic extract of cetraria stop the spread of pathogenic microflora and improve expectoration. The product is dissolved inside water before use. Drink after meals 3 times a day for 15 drops, children 12-16 years old and 30 drops for adults. The course of therapy is about 2 weeks.

Habitat

Icelandic moss can be found in alpine forest tundra, on peatlands, swamps, and also near coniferous forests.

It easily takes root on any terrain, often grows near stones, on poor, barren land.

It can be found in Africa, North America and Australia.

Where is growing in Russia? Search should be at the edges of pine forests, near ponds and rivers. Icelandic moss prefers moist but sunny terrain. The main thing is that it is environmentally friendly, otherwise the beneficial properties will be neutralized by toxic compounds.

Application in cosmetology

It is possible for everyone to use Icelandic moss for cosmetic purposes, there may be only one contraindication here - individual intolerance. It is rare when the skin is hypersensitive to cetraria-based drugs. In this case, their use must be abandoned.

In general, this plant does not give side effects that can harm the human body. Moreover, its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties are indispensable for soothing skin irritations, are very effective in getting rid of acne, blackheads and combating skin infectious diseases, work well for healing skin lesions - diaper rash, scratches, abrasions, burns and even wounds. The vasoconstrictive properties inherent in Irish moss help to cope with the latter task. This ability to “tighten” the vessels is also based on its use to reduce the intensity of the so-called vascular asterisks, or, scientifically, rosacea and eliminate the symptoms of certain forms of chronic facial redness, or rosacea.

Ridding the face of edema and removing bags from under the eyes, Irish moss works as a decongestant. Because of its same features, the plant is used after wounds and cuts to reduce the formation of scar tissue. Thanks to the tannins contained in the plant, it is used to reduce gum inflammation and oral care.

Cetraria is used by pharmaceutical companies in the production of dermatological preparations and medical cosmetics to solve problems with blood vessels and get rid of inflammatory problems. Icelandic moss is also included in hair care products, deodorants and antiperspirants, used in shower gels. In accordance with the European Union Regulation, cetraria makes up 5% of the volume of components of finished cosmetics.

In case of thyroid dysfunction

Normalizes and restores thyroid function, with daily use of the composition, based on honey and kefir.To prepare it, take 1.5 tbsp. l moss and 1.5 tbsp. l honey. Add 250 ml of yogurt or kefir, mix in a blender. This remedy should be used for thyroid gland., drinking it completely in the morning, before eating.

Characteristics of the plant and place of growth

Icelandic cetraria (cetraria islandica) is essentially a greenish-gray living organism. Other shade variations are possible.

One of the features of moss is the ability to survive only in places with good ecology. Cetraria reacts rather painfully to polluted air, soil and water, dying out when the ecosystem is disturbed.

Icelandic moss grows in sunny places where humid air prevails.

Wraps

You can prepare a skin-friendly composition at home, and then wrap them in problem areas. It will take only 3 tablespoons of Icelandic moss, which must be brewed with a small amount of boiling water to make gruel. It would be nice to add a little mint to it, as well as a couple of drops of orange or lemon oil (you can buy them at any pharmacy). Apply the resulting composition to the skin, wrap with cling film and lie down for an hour and a half. Then take a shower. Such wraps are effective in courses of 8-10 procedures. The skin becomes noticeably smoother, more even and supple. Those who used this method note that excess fluid leaves the tissues, the body will even decrease in volume.

Usnic acid - a natural antibiotic

The healing properties of the plant are largely determined by the presence of a natural antibiotic in it - usnic acid in combination with other specific organic compounds.

Usinic acid is characterized by the following positive effects:

  • antiviral
  • insecticidal
  • anti-tuberculosis
  • analgesic
  • antibacterial.

It is important to know that the concentration of aspen acid in a plant is largely dependent on the harvest season. Its most in the summer, least of all - in the autumn-winter.

Increasing immunity - the task of usnic acid

Elixir for youth

Most women dream of finding a recipe for a magic elixir that would allow them to remain young and beautiful for many years. Residents of the harsh northern countries have long practiced for this the composition of the Icelandic moss. To prepare it, they took 1.5 tablespoons of dry raw materials, poured it with 0.5 l of cold water and brought to a boil, but did not boil, but immediately turned off. They were filtered after cooling and drank three times a day.

The use of Icelandic moss for medicinal purposes

Icelandic moss is widely used for medicinal purposes. As already mentioned, this is due to the constituent components. For each individual body system, cetraria can bring certain benefits, as well as increase the general tone of the body, make it more resistant to viruses, infections, harmful bacteria.

In acute and chronic prostatitis

Usnic acid completely destroys bacterial microorganisms that are pathogens of infections and inflammatory processes in the genitourinary organs. Enveloping, antiseptic and wound healing properties of the plant, help stop the development of prostatitis, and restore the body in the rehabilitation period.

With prostatitis, a decoction of Icelandic moss, pollen of pine, nettle, sage and horsetail has proven itself. All ingredients are mixed in equal proportions (½ teaspoon each), poured with 500 ml of boiling water, and subjected to a 20 minute heat treatment in a water bath. The broth is cooled and filtered. They drink such a remedy for 1 tbsp. l 3-4 times a day, for 2-3 months.

TIP! Cetraria activates digestion and normalizes the endocrine system. It is very effective for losing weight.

For the cardiovascular system

This type of lichen is often recommended for patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system in diseases such as:

  • heart failure,
  • arrhythmia,
  • hypotension
  • bradycardia.

In these cases, it is recommended to use tea of ​​low concentration based on moss. It will have a general calming effect, reduce the level of anxiety, stress.

Pharmacy products

Based on Icelandic moss, several drugs are produced:

  • Herbion Cough Syrup, Pectolvan. Contain a concentrated extract of mucus from Icelandic moss. They have antitussive, immunomodulating, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. Soften dry cough and hoarseness.
  • Cetrasept tablets and Isla-Moos lozenges. Designed for resorption. They relieve bronchospasm with a dry cough, help in the treatment of laryngitis, pharyngitis and bronchitis.
  • Cream Icelandic Moss. It has a therapeutic warming effect, both with colds and joint diseases.
  • Ointment Eosin. Antiseptic, effectively heals burns, wounds, eczema.
  • Pharmacy fee. Used for the preparation of decoctions and tinctures.

A detailed description of the drugs gives the instructions that come with each drug.

For the respiratory system

As already mentioned, cetraria is a good tool for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the respiratory system.

Typically used tea, decoction, infusion based on cetraria. They alleviate the condition, contribute to the overall improvement of well-being.

Islamic moss is good for the heart and lungs

Cleansing Soap

Grate a piece of baby soap. Melt the resulting chips in a water bath. While the soap is melting, make a decoction of 0.5 cups of milk and a handful of crushed dry cetraria, pour the resulting broth into melted soap shavings, mix. Take silicone molds for baking muffins and pour into them the resulting mass, after adding a couple of drops of any essential oil and glycerin to it. Sprinkle a little alcohol on top of the mass in the molds. When it cools, it can be used to cleanse the skin.

For cancer

Scientists have identified one feature of cetraria - in combination with green tea, it stops the development of cancer cells. The reason for the effectiveness is the presence of carbohydrates and lichen acids, which suppress enzymes that contribute to the growth of tumors and the spread of metastases.

It is recommended to take cetraria after chemotherapy to quickly restore the body and increase the effectiveness of drug treatment. To do this, prepare a healthy decoction:

  1. Mix 2 tbsp. Cetraria, knotweed, celandine and St. John's wort.
  2. Add 3 tablespoons each. nettle, water pepper and plantain.
  3. Add 100 gr. green tea.
  4. Mix all the ingredients well, take 4 tsp. finished collection.
  5. Pour herbs 1 l. boiling water.
  6. Insist for 1 hour.

Ready to take 1 cup 3-4 times a day.

For the male genitourinary system

The composition of moss includes a powerful natural antibiotic - usnic acid, which also actively fights diseases of the genitourinary system. It destroys bacteria and infections - the main causative agents of such ailments.

Folk doctors note that a decoction of cetraria in combination with lemon balm helps to get rid of prostatitis, prostate adenoma.

For weight loss

One of the beneficial properties of cetraria is that it improves metabolism, helps to get rid of excess weight. In order for Icelandic moss to fulfill its task, it must be taken immediately after eating.

To prepare a decoction for weight loss, you need 1 tbsp. dry moss brew in 500 ml. hot water. Then put the container with the plant on a slow fire or water vapor and cook until the volume of liquid is halved. The result is a syrup that needs to be taken in 2 tbsp. 3 times a day.

You can use cetraria for weight loss in its pure form, adding it to various dishes. For example, in homemade cakes, salads, gravy. But in this case, the main thing is to know the measure, since the moss tastes bitter and can ruin the dish.

For thyroid gland

The constituent components contribute to the regulation of metabolism, and this, in turn, has a positive effect on the thyroid gland. Regular intake of infusion will help improve hormone production, normalize the general background.

Tea with Icelandic moss is recommended for women during menopause. In addition, such a drink will help reduce discomfort from premenstrual syndrome.

In violation of the stool

Icelandic moss has a mild laxative effect and normalizes intestinal motility. To get rid of constipation, you need to take the extract for 2 weeks. To prepare it, pour 100 g. dry plants with a liter of boiled cool water, cover and insist for a day. Then strain and boil in a water bath to reduce the amount of liquid by half the original volume. Cool and take 1 glass on an empty stomach and 2 more times a day 20 minutes before eating.

For oncological diseases

For cancer patients, Icelandic moss will also be beneficial. It contributes to:

  • general strengthening of the body,
  • accelerated cell regeneration,
  • elimination of toxins, toxins, decay products from the body - which is especially important during the period of chemical therapy
  • protecting the body from viruses, germs.

Naturally, getting rid of oncology only by taking decoctions will not succeed. But infusions, teas, other drinks will help the body survive this difficult period, restore its strength.

Icelandic cetraria is used in the treatment of endocrinological and oncological diseases

As a tonic

Ever since the time of ancient Iceland, moss was eaten as a biologically active additive to increase strength, energy.

Reviews at various thematic forums suggest that moss is used even for anemia, various stages of vitamin deficiency, and also to improve the health of children after three years.

Pharmacy drugs

More and more often on the shelves of pharmacies you can see medicines based on Icelandic moss. These include:

  1. Syrups for cough, lung diseases, bronchi, respiratory tract. Herbion, Pektolvan are very popular.
  2. Lozenges for resorption, reduce sore throat, soften dry cough.
  3. Creams and ointments, which also include bear fat, propolis, and other medicinal herbs. They are effective for colds, bruises, joint pain.
  4. Sodium Usninat is a product manufactured since Soviet times that is effective for burns, wounds, and cracks.

The composition of pharmacy drugs is characterized by maximum thoughtfulness. Each component here only enhances the properties of the other.

Isla - icelandic moss lozenges

Moss based broth

Moss-based broth is prepared in milk or water.

There are several interesting, useful recipes, which include:

  1. "Five minutes": 500 ml of pure water or milk are mixed with 1-2 tablespoons of dry moss. The resulting mixture is brought to a homogeneous mass in a water bath, and then filtered. It is advisable to drink it warm, you can add honey, lemon or other herbs to your taste.
  2. “Yugoslav drink”: in this case, the tincture is prepared like tea. One teaspoon of dry grass is mixed with a mug of boiling water. Such a decoction can be drunk after 5-10 minutes, optimally before bedtime. It will have a calming effect, help you fall asleep faster, get rid of insomnia.
  3. “30-minute decoction”: prepared from two teaspoons of dry moss and a glass of boiling water. The resulting mixture must be heated in a water bath for half an hour, after which you can drink it by adding lemon or honey.Such a mixture is a good cure for bronchitis.

The preparation of such drinks does not take much time, but it will bring tremendous benefits to the body.

Tea with milk and Icelandic moss - a tasty and healthy drink

How to use

In our country for the first time an experimental medicine from icelandic moss

began to produce shortly before the collapse of the USSR. Scientists have found that lichen helps to cure cancer, tuberculosis and pneumonia. But with the collapse of the Soviet Union, cetraria (Icelandic moss) ceased to interest scientists, so the plant remains unstudied to the end. However, this does not prevent using it as one of the treatment methods.

Medications

Through pharmacy chains, Icelandic moss is sold in the form of herbal collection, creams, tinctures and in combination with other plants. In the pharmacy you can purchase:

  • Syrup. It is prescribed for the treatment of cough with sputum that is difficult to separate. Other plant components may be present. The trade names for syrups are Herbion and Pectolvan.
  • Pastilles. Assigned to treat sore throat and cough. This drug relieves inflammation, helps with hoarseness and relieves obsessive sore throat. They are called "Islam-mos."
  • Body cream. It has a wide spectrum of action, it is prescribed for coughing, joint pain, wounds, bruises and sprains. It helps with pain in the back and spine.
  • Ground moss in its natural form. You can buy cetraria in its natural form, after collecting and grinding. From it, you can independently prepare decoctions, creams and other types of medicines.

How to make tincture:

  1. 50 gr dry crushed cetraria pour a glass of pure alcohol or ½ a glass of quality vodka.
  2. Pour the mixture into a bottle or a jar with thick dark glass.
  3. Place the container in a dark, cool place for 7 days.
  4. Take 15 drops 3 times a day, diluting with a small amount of water.

Tincture is used for digestive disorders, coughing attacks, as well as for sanitation of the oral cavity.

Release form

The product has a viscous consistency, brown color, slightly opalescent under good lighting. Packaged in 150 ml bottles of dark glass to protect against sunlight. Each bottle is sealed with a plastic screw cap, has control of the first opening.

The drug is packaged in a cardboard box, equipped with a measuring spoon (for accurate dosing), as well as instructions in the state and Russian languages.

Cetraria, its appearance, properties. Photo Cetraria

Icelandic Cetraria (Cetraria islandica) is a small bush about 10 - 15 centimeters in height, which is clearly visible in the lichen cover of the pine forest. Indeed, in color and form, it differs from the surrounding cladonies. Sometimes the curtains of the Icelandic cetraria are quite large, and occupy a significant area.


Icelandic Cetraria Lichens and Cladonia

This lichen is bushy. Its thallus rises high enough above the ground, forming a kind of bush. However, subcodia, like cladonia, are not here. The thallus of Icelandic moss consists of many forked dissected blades, which are usually twisted at the ends.

The color of lichen is highly dependent on air humidity. In rainy weather, the cetrarium will be greenish-brown, olive. Lichen at this time bends well, without breaking.


In the damp air, Icelandic cetraria turns green

In dry weather, the thallus becomes light brown, shiny. With a little pressure at this time, the lichen easily breaks, crumbles.

The underside of the blades is always lighter. Maculas appear on it - obscure light spots devoid of a layer of bark. They are used by lichen to conduct air inside the thallus (thallus). In addition, reddish spots are common on the underside of the blades on the underside.


Cetraria becomes light brown in dry weather

Along the edge of the lobes, the thallus is covered with small cilia. Usually they are not only at the very tops. At the top of the blades (very rarely!) Round cakes of fruit bodies appear - they are large, up to one and a half centimeters, dark brown.

In fruiting bodies - apothecia, spores mature. However, like most lichens, cetraria does not really rely on this important, but extremely inefficient method of reproduction. Indeed, for life, a sprouted lichen needs not only the thallus of the fungus arising from spores. It is still necessary to detect and capture algae cells. And this is always a game of chance.

But Icelandic moss can breed almost any part of its thallus. Animals or people passed through the dry lichen, breaking off pieces from it. Particles can be carried by the wind, sometimes over a considerable distance. Caught there, the lichen forms threads - rhizoids and is finally fixed by them in a new place. It only grows very slowly - only one - two millimeters per year.

In its chemical composition, cetrarium is unique. However, the same can be said of almost any lichen. In the thallus there is a lot of lichenin, as well as isolechenin. This is lichen starch. The "chemical factory" of Icelandic moss produces specific lichen substances. In the first place among them is usnic acid. This is the strongest natural antibiotic. Icelandic vitamin B12 was found in the center of Iceland. There is also the substance cetrarin, which is responsible for the bitter taste of lichen.

A unique “set” of moss properties allows not only to use it in the form of decoctions, infusions, compresses, but also to make soap with additives of cetrarii. It restores skin elasticity, has an antiseptic effect, relieves muscle pain, and most importantly, is a universal product and is suitable for all skin types.

The recipe for making soap at home:

  • grate baby soap on a grater,
  • melt in a water bath,
  • prepare a decoction in milk from Icelandic moss,
  • add a decoction to the soap mass,
  • remove from heat, pour into forms and add with essential oil, glycerin,
  • spray the upper layer with alcohol,
  • let it harden for 3 days.

Now you can take full advantage of all the properties of Icelandic moss.

Instructions for use

Icelandic moss has an antibacterial effect and helps in the restoration of the immune system. Consists of active substances, vitamin, carbohydrates, thalli containing enveloping mucus.

It is used in the treatment of acute and chronic diseases: lungs, bronchi, digestive organs. Available in tablets and in packages with dried and passed the necessary processing of the plant.

Important! Of the contraindications, a period of lactation, pregnancy, or individual intolerance to the drug can be noted.

Methods of administration are prescribed for each individually:

  • decoction of 1 tbsp. l 5 times a day,
  • tablets 3 times a day for one month.

Application for various diseases

Its decoctions, infusions and teas are used to treat:

  • cough (including whooping cough),
  • restoration of the digestive process, treats various types of pathology,
  • dystrophy, stimulates the body to grow and develop,
  • infectious wounds, burns, skin diseases,
  • pain in the abdomen and chest,
  • diarrhea and constipation,
  • restoration of the immune system after a painful period,
  • intoxication of the body.

For treatment purposes, all components are used. If a person is recovering, this is a good way to maintain his body, a source of new strength and health promotion.

Morphological description

Icelandic moss is a lichen plant common on the European continent, as well as in Australia and Africa. Like all lichen, cetraria chooses tree stumps, rocky surfaces or soil for the substrate. It can be found in pine forests, tundra, mountainous terrain, but cetraria also grows in marshy areas.Her favorite places are sandstones and peat bogs, grassy slopes or well-lit mountain ranges. Wherein cetraria grows only in conditions of high ecological purity.

Icelandic lichen is a perennial plant with a tabular shape. Its leaves look like flat narrow ribbons twisting in different parts. The color and shape of the moss depends on the conditions in which it grows, and varies from brown to green and even whitish-beige.

Cetraria multiplies vegetatively, asexually and sexually and grows extremely slowly, which distinguishes it from other representatives of lichen.

For medicinal purposes, the thallus of the plant is used, harvested mainly in the fall. Purified Icelandic moss is dried under industrial conditions or by natural method (in the air). Dried lichen retains its healing properties for 24 months if stored in a dry and cool place.

Composition

The active ingredient is the extract from the thallus of the lichen Cetraria islandica, obtained by aqueous extraction. 1 ml of the drug contains 6 mg of the active substance.

Auxiliary components that ensure the stability of the pharmacological and organoleptic properties of the drug are as follows:

  • non-crystallizing liquid sorbitol (E420),
  • xanthan gum (E415),
  • sodium benzoate (E214),
  • citric acid monohydrate (E330).

To improve the taste and aroma, lemon flavoring is added to the medicine, which contains a small amount of ethanol (does not carry pharmacological significance).

Icelandic Cough Moss - Isla Moos Pills

With bronchitis - soak the lichen in cool water (1:20) for an hour, after boil the mixture for 5-15 minutes, strain. Drink non-hot three times a day after meals. You can add moss to the breast collection.

In asthma - combine a glass of whole milk with 1 spoon of a powdered product, boil for a quarter of an hour. After a meal, take a glass twice a day.

Moss tincture - pour 40 g of raw material into half a glass of undiluted alcohol, leave for 7-10 days. Drink 10-15 drops before meals.

You can use the tablets of Isla Moos for cough, which includes the extract of Icelandic moss. They are used for coughing, with hoarseness, when the voice completely disappeared. Pills help cope with cough and restore voice.

Tablets have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, immunostimulating effects.

Isla Moos tablets are used for pharyngitis, laryngitis, with a load on the vocal cords (lecturers, peppers), and bronchitis.

Tablets rarely cause allergies, but with diabetes, they should be used with caution, or after consulting a doctor.

If necessary, and to achieve a positive effect, apply 1 tablet (dissolve) once an hour. For adults, this is no more than 12 tablets, and for children - no more than 6 (4-12 years).

Icelandic moss in a pharmacy

To date, in pharmacies you can buy both Icelandic moss itself (Icelandic cetraria), and all kinds of drugs made on its basis. The product is sold in the form of dried raw materials for the preparation of decoctions, medicinal jellies, as well as in the composition of plant collections.

In connection with the increasing demand for herbal medicine, the production of dietary supplements, extracts, tablets, syrups and cold coughs, ointments for external application has been established. Everywhere here one of the main components is Icelandic moss. A prescription is not needed to purchase all of the indicated remedies.

Grass

Available for sale:

Inexpensive dry lichen, represented by thalli of the plant.

Herbal multicomponent mixtures for the preparation of medicinal drinks.

Herbal tea in filter bags, convenient for brewing.

Ready-made decoctions can be used for oral administration, external lotions, rinses of the mouth and throat.

Warming cream

The composition of the cream “Icelandic Moss” in addition to cetraria includes ether extracts, brown bear fat, known for its anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties, calendula, St. John's wort, eucalyptus, honey and natural wax.

This remedy is indicated for:

The presence of bruises and dislocations.

Pain in the joints.

Colds.

Sore muscles.

Subcooling.

The warming cream relieves inflammation, gives a pleasant sensation of warmth, relieves pain, heals skin lesions, tones up, strengthens the lymph flow and blood circulation.

The main healing properties of moss

This plant has long been used in official pharmacology for the preparation of special nutritional supplements. There it can be supplemented with other plant components, for example, thyme, chamomile, sage and others. Due to its unique healing properties, moss has gained significant distribution. It is used not only in traditional, but also in traditional medicine. It contains a large number of useful substances, among which unique lichen acids. They are characterized by excellent antibacterial properties. With the help of these qualities, it is possible to eliminate bacteria and microbes from the body, to positively affect its strengthening. Also in the composition there are other interesting substances that make moss an ideal option for eliminating cough.

The mucous substances that are present there have special enveloping properties. This allows you to treat not only cough, but also from some other problems with the body, for example, from gastritis, colitis, chronic constipation, and everything else. Preparations based on this type of moss have a good anti-inflammatory, choleretic, antimicrobial effect. The main thing is to properly prepare the decoction so that it receives all the necessary quality characteristics. When it comes to tablets or syrup, it is very important to use these funds in full accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Clinical application

The first pharmaceutical product was produced in Germany in the distant 50s. It was made on the basis of lichen acids and was called Evozin. Due to usninovoy and evernievoy acids had antimicrobial pronounced activity. In clinical conditions, they were treated with lupus erythematosus and diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms.

German scientists for the treatment of tuberculosis created the drug Eosin-2, which included, in addition to usnic and evernic acids, lichen acids: fizodovaya, atronarinovaya, karate.

A mixture of streptomycin and usnic acid was used to treat skin diseases and tuberculosis.

In Japan, an antibiotic drug from lichens was created to treat actinomycosis.

Icelandic moss, due to its expectorant and emollient properties, is an excellent treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis, with diagnoses of bronchial asthma and bronchitis with a debilitating cough.

Usnin sodium preparation, developed on the basis of usnic acid, is an effective antimicrobial agent in the treatment of burns, wounds, and cracks. Presented in the form of oil and alcohol solutions. It should be noted that the bacterial flora present on the surface of the wound decreases rather slowly and disappears, despite the beneficial effect of usnic acid directly on the regeneration of infected wounds and is observed until the end of complete epithelization.

Activity on different strains of hemolytic staphylococcus and Staphylococcus aureus was shown by Binan. It is stable during storage, had a high bacterial activity, but was toxic enough.

Recommended in the treatment of infected wounds (especially large surfaces) as an external agent. But, despite its effectiveness, the drug Binan never found its application in medical practice.

With stomatitis, it is considered quite promising for topical application the crushed thallus of cetraria, designed in the form of tablets. After operations on the nasal cavity on days 1-5, applications of tablets made from moss were applied to patients. In patients using 10 tablets per day (0.48 g), drying of the mucous membrane, traces of plaque on it, symptoms of inflammation of the oral mucosa, tongue and lymph nodes, hoarseness and pain were reduced. No side effects were observed with this treatment.

Lichen decoction is often used as a sedative, enveloping and wound healing agent. In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it demonstrates a pronounced therapeutic effect, including digestive disorders, diarrhea, a stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer. Cetraria alcohol extract relieves pain from patients with a diagnosis of gastric ulcer, directly related to food intake, which was established during clinical trials. This effect is explained by the enveloping property of the drug. Before preparing a decoction, the cetraria thallus should be soaked in cold water to get rid of bitterness. Next, pour 2 cups of cold water with 2 cups of cold water, bring to a boil and boil for 5 minutes, strain and drink the whole broth during the day.

The bitterness present in the decoction of Icelandic moss normalizes digestion and stimulates appetite. Therefore, in the rehabilitation period, after serious illnesses, a decoction of cetraria is used as a general strengthening agent. True, in gastroenterology the bitterness of Icelandic moss was not widely used due to problems with the raw material base.

Previously, there was an opinion about the nutritional properties of the cetraria broth, since the carbohydrates contained in it (isolichenan, lichenan) are easily absorbed by the body, but further studies have not confirmed this assumption.

Biological description: where does Icelandic moss grow

This living organism is a symbiosis of green algae and fungi. Outwardly, it looks like a small bush, up to 15 cm high. Thallus (the body of the lichen) consists of branched lobes that look like deer horns

. The color of the thallus can be different: olive, light turquoise, gray-green, brown-brown and interspersed with a white shade.

Did you know?Cetraria does not take root in polluted, polluted areas, is extremely sensitive to toxic substances in water, air and soil, harmful products of processing, and therefore grows exclusively in ecologically clean areas. This feature of the plant is used to determine the purity of the medium. Absolutely all types of lichens belong to bioindicators, which, when the ecosystem is disturbed, gradually die out and disappear.

Lichen body color is determined by lighting, humidity, and other climatic conditions of the habitat. With the help of special processes - rhizoids - the lichen is attached to old stumps, tree trunks, and ground.

This is an epiphytic plant, which means the absence of a developed root system.

Lichen is very slow growing, prefers highlands, tundra and forest-tundra, peat bogs, coniferous forests with open sunny areas, swamps. It takes root on stony and sandy soil, which provides good drainage.

Loves moisture and does not tolerate drought, needs enough light. It occurs mainly in the northern regions: in the USA, Canada, in Russia, lichen can be found in the Far East, in the highlands of Altai and the Sayan Mountains, in Siberia, in the Far North.

Treatment of pathologies of the respiratory system

To improve bronchitis and pneumonia, drink a decoction of Icelandic moss. Recipe broth: 2 tbsp. l dry lichen pour 400 ml of boiling water, simmer for 5 minutes over low heat. Strain twice, drink warm 100 ml, three times a day before meals. The course of treatment is 3-5 days.

With tuberculosis, within 15 days, it is necessary to take the healing composition in milk. How to prepare the medicine:

  • 2 tbsp. l crushed dry raw materials pour 400 ml. milk, add 1 tbsp. l honey and butter.
  • Put the mixture in a water bath, bring to a boil.

Strained broth in the morning and before bedtime in a warm form, drink 200 ml.

Cure pertussis and obstructive bronchitis this composition will help: a glass of boiling water to brew a mixture of herbs taken in 0.5 tsp. reindeer moss and coltsfoot. Drain the composition on the fire for 10 minutes, then pour 200 ml of boiled water. Drink with each sip of cough in small sips.

Powerful Cetraria Potential

Not every plant can surprise with such a wide area of ​​application as Icelandic moss or cetraria. It is especially useful for the treatment of the respiratory and pulmonary systems in any, even the most complex, pathology.

Icelanders were the first to know the benefits of this lichen. Since ancient times, they have eaten it as a seasoning. A feature of this plant is its unsurpassed environmental friendliness. Moss will not grow where air or soil is contaminated.

Unique are its healing properties. Cetraria is endowed with antiviral, antibiotic, analgesic, anti-tuberculosis and insecticidal properties. It contains a huge list of useful trace elements, ranging from zinc to titanium. Vitamins A, C and B12 also give it special value.

Side effects

Herbion moss is well tolerated by patients of all age categories. Side effects occur as an exception, with sensitivity to the active or auxiliary components of the syrup.

Allergic reactions develop shortly after the start of treatment (taking 1-2 doses).

Possible signs of intolerance:

  • a rash on the body
  • asymmetric spots consisting of blisters,
  • itchy skin
  • nausea or vomiting
  • stool disorders
  • swelling of the mucous membranes.

If any of the undesirable effects appears, it is necessary to cancel the treatment with Herbion and consult a doctor to select another drug. Admission despite sensitivity may result in severe allergies with the need for hospitalization.

Irish Moss: Description

Algae with a therapeutic effect is used in the manufacture of light beer. In home production, lay people rarely manage to make a clear drink without impurities and cloudy sediment. The addition of moss extract avoids the process of pasteurization, filtration or saturation with chemicals for clarification.

With small amounts of home-brewing in a pharmacy, you can buy dry raw materials or ready-to-use concentrate in tablets at an affordable price. It can be stored in the refrigerator for 2–4 years, applied as necessary. The instruction recommends adding the substance as follows:

  • Soak the dried stems in clean, warm water to swell for 5 minutes.
  • Before use, the tablets should be ground into powder.
  • 10 minutes before the end of brewing, add a natural clarifier at the rate of 0.75 g per 20-25 l of wort.

Fibers and carrageenan act as a filter that traps tannins in boiling beer. They bind turbidity proteins, turn them into a precipitate. The composition is healthy, enriches the drink with vitamins, minerals and valuable amino acids.

Historical reference

The first mention of Icelandic moss, cetraria, dates from the Middle Ages. Already at this time, the healing plant was widely used by traditional healers. Applied leafy lichen doctors in the Scandinavian countries, such as Norway, Iceland, Sweden. Initially, cetraria was considered as a raw material for the preparation of infusions from bronchitis, colds. Then it was found that the plant helps to eliminate constipation, indigestion, destroys the causative agents of dysentery.

The properties of Icelandic cetraria were first described in medical treatises of the 17th century. A century later, the famous doctor Luiken revealed the possibility of using the plant in the fight against tuberculosis. This researcher wrote that the antiseptic properties of such an agent are not comparable to any known pharmacological drug.

At the beginning of the 20th century, domestic scientists E. Tishchenko and A. A. Elenkin prepared a monograph entitled “Icelandic Moss and Other Useful Lichens of the Russian Flora”. The publication was being prepared for publication. However, she did not see the light, because the institution where the researchers worked was liquidated. Subsequently, on the basis of this monograph, articles began to be published whose content affected the features of the practical application of Icelandic cetraria.

In the 20s of the last century, the northern peoples of the USSR, due to a shortage of provisions, began to use such a lichen as a food product. Cetraria was dried and exposed to soda in order to remove bitterness. The prepared shoots of the plant were ground, added to flour and used for baking bread. Thus, the lichen began to be called the inhabitants of the northern regions only bread moss.

Scientific studies of Icelandic cetraria

Experimental treatment with lichen and preparations from it was carried out just before the collapse of the USSR at the Institute of Phthisiapulmonology of then Leningrad. A strong drug was created, which, according to the memoirs of a doctor of medical sciences M.V. Pavlova, showed a good result in the treatment of tuberculosis patients. However, with the collapse of the USSR, research and drug use were suspended.

In the 90s, scientists once again turned their attention to the once forgotten plant organism: the biochemical mechanisms of action of Icelandic moss were actively studied in scientific laboratories in the USA, Iceland, Austria, and Japan.

So, Japanese doctors found that lichen mixed with green tea and some pharmacologically active plants is a drug for the prevention and treatment of cancer. This is possible due to the co-action of carbohydrates and lichen acids, which suppress enzymes involved in the metabolism of cancer cells.

A powerful antioxidant effect of cetraria was discovered a little later, which helps to restore the body and stops its premature aging: the plant body is 10 times more active than vitamin E.

Mechanism of action

Moss extract contains a large amount of polysaccharides and lichen bitterness. When used internally, the syrup interacts with moisture on the surface of the mucous membranes, provides an enveloping effect.

  • sore throat removed
  • perspiration disappears
  • decreases the urge to cough,
  • mucous membranes acquire resistance to damaging factors.

Bioactive substances from moss have antimicrobial properties. They slow down the growth and reproduction of microorganisms, accelerate recovery, prevent complications. However, the antibacterial effect can be considered as a side effect; moss cannot replace antibiotics.

Immunostimulating effect means the stimulation of cellular immunity in the membranes of the respiratory tract. A sufficient level of hydration ensures the quality of the epithelium, irritation disappears. Anti-inflammatory properties are appropriate for microtrauma of the mucous membranes. The drug accelerates their recovery.

The syrup envelops the throat, eliminating the main cause of dry cough - irritation and inflammation.

GI treatment

Yagel, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties, can cure many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For the treatment of gastritis, various ulcers, you should prepare such a decoction: 4 tbsp. l pour the lichen with 3 cups of water, then let it simmer for 10 minutes over low heat. The broth is divided into 3 parts, 1 part to drink before each meal.

Cetraria on kefir

Such a composition will help cure the stomach:

  • Icelandic moss - 3 tbsp. l.,
  • honey - 3 tbsp. l.,
  • kefir - 400 g.

Cooking process:

Grind the yagel to powder, mix with honey, pour kefir. Beat the mixture with a mixer, take in the morning before meals and in the evening before bedtime.

Regular intake of yagel on kefir will also help restore thyroid function.

As we already know, cetraria grows only in clean places, has a number of useful elements in its composition, due to which it is the strongest natural immunostimulant.

And thanks to the presence of usnic acid, it helps to stop the multiplication of cancer cells of the prostate, blood, and pancreas.

For men, it is recommended to take decoctions and infusions to increase potency, treat prostatitis and any infections of the reproductive system. Women can cope with mastopathy.

Interaction with other drugs

Herbion with moss extract is a classic herbal medicine. Compounds from this group are absolutely safe if you take them according to the rules and take into account the possibility of individual sensitivity.

Special studies to study the drug interactions of syrup have not been conducted. However, for the entire experience of use, no negative effects of simultaneous treatment with syrup and other pharmaceutical products were recorded.

Protective effect of cetraria

Yagel is actively used in cosmetology. On its basis moisturizing, refreshing and anti-aging creams are produced. Cream is better to buy in a pharmacy. There are creams that lubricate dislocations, bruises, and are used for joint diseases.

With your own hands, you can prepare a healing ointment, which should lubricate the wounds. Grind dry raw materials into powder, take 1 tbsp. lichen, mix with 1 tsp. Vaseline, 5 hours in a water bath. Frozen ointment can lubricate wounds and bruises.

You can also see information about Irish moss on the video:

Dear friends, knowledge of how to take Icelandic moss will help in the treatment of many diseases, and you will find raw materials in any pharmacy.

Tetraria collection

When harvesting, you need to make sure that this is this particular plant. Avoid ingress of foreign plants, insects. This may affect the quality of treatment.

Cetraria moss is collected in the summer months with a rake or hands, so that the thallus does not crumble. Before drying, they clear the soil, impurities of leaves, needles of dry grass. It takes about 7 hours to clean 1 kg of Icelandic cetraria. This is not an easy, painstaking task.

They do not dry in the light for very long, since prolonged exposure to the sun worsens the raw materials. Better drying place dryer with good ventilation. The lichen re-cleaned of impurities is stored in bags, a wooden container for 2 years.

Watch the video: Sudan Archives - Iceland Moss - Athena Full Album (February 2020).